|Molar mass||180.16 g/mol|
|Solubility in water||91 g/100 ml (25 °C)|
|EU Index||not listed|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
L-Glucose is an organic compound with formula C6H12O6 or H–(C=O)–(CHOH)5–H, specifically one of the aldohexose monosaccharides. As the L-isomer of glucose, it is the enantiomer of the more common D-glucose, cf. optical rotation.
L-Glucose does not occur naturally in higher living organisms, but can be synthesized in the laboratory. L-Glucose is indistinguishable in taste from D-glucose, but cannot be used by living organisms as source of energy because it cannot be phosphorylated by hexokinase, the first enzyme in the glycolysis pathway. One of the known exceptions is in Burkholderia caryophylli, the enzyme D-threo-aldose dehydrogenase is capable of oxidising L-glucose
Like the 'D-' isomer, L-glucose usually occurs as one of four cyclic structural isomers — α- and β-L-glucopyranose (the most common, with a six-atom ring), and α- and β-L-glucofuranose (with a five-atom ring). In solution, these isomers interconvert in matters of hours, with the open-chain form as an intermediate stage.
The acetate derivative of L-glucose, L-glucose pentaacetate, was found to stimulate insulin release, and might therefore be of therapeutic value for type 2 diabetes. L-Glucose was also found to be a laxative, and has been proposed as a colon-cleansing agent which would not produce the disruption of fluid and electrolyte levels associated with the significant liquid quantities of bad-tasting osmotic laxatives conventionally used in preparation for colonoscopy.
- A Natural Way to Stay Sweet, NASA, retrieved 2009-09-02.
- Sasajima, K.; Sinskey, A. (1979). "Oxidation of l-glucose by a Pseudomonad". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Enzymology 571: 120–126. doi:10.1016/0005-2744(79)90232-8.
- Malaisse, W. J. (1998), "The riddle of L-glucose pentaacetate insulinotropic action", Int. J. Mol. Med. 2 (4): 383–88.
- Raymer, Geoffrey S.; Hartman, Donald E.; Rowe, William A.; Werkman, Robert F.; Koch, Kenneth L. (2003), "An open-label trial of L-glucose as a colon-cleansing agent before colonoscopy", Gastrointest. Endosc. 58 (1): 30–35, doi:10.1067/mge.2003.293, PMID 12838217