Lacedaemon (mythology)

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Lacedaemon (/læsɨˈdmən/; Greek: Λακεδαίμων) was mythical king of Laconia[1] and son of the Pleaid Taygete and Zeus in Classical Greek mythology. He was a father of King Amyclas of Sparta and Queen Eurydice of Argos, with Princess Sparta, the daughter of King Eurotas.[2] Taygete has an association with Artemis in earlier mythology.[3]

Eurotas bequeathed the kingdom to Lacedaemon, who then renamed the state after his wife,[1] Sparta, who was also his niece.[4]

According to Pseudo-Plutarch,[5] Taygete was the wife of Lacedaemon. Their son was named Himerus.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pausanias (1918). "III.1.2". Description of Greece. with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA; London.  At the Perseus Project.
  2. ^ Grimal, Pierre (1996). "s.v. "Eurydice" (2)". The Dictionary of Classical Mythology. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-631-20102-1. 
  3. ^ Emmet Robbins, "Heracles, the Hyperboreans, and the Hind: Pindar, "OL." 3", Phoenix 36.4 (Winter 1982:295-305) 302f notes that the association of Artemis with Orthia = Orthosia was under way in the sixth century BCE.
  4. ^ Pausanias (1918). "III.1.2". Description of Greece. with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA; London. At the Perseus Project.
  5. ^ Pseudo-Plutarch (1874). "XVII Eurotas". De Fluviis. Translated from the Greek by several hands. Corrected and revised by. William W. Goodwin, PH. D. Boston. Boston; Medford: Little, Brown, and Company.  At the Perseus Project.

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eurotas
King of Sparta Succeeded by
Amyclas