Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks, New Orleans

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Coordinates: 30°01′41″N 90°03′42″W / 30.02806°N 90.06167°W / 30.02806; -90.06167
Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks
New Orleans Neighborhood
LakeOaksLeveeBoardSign.jpg
Lake Oaks sign on Elysian Fields Avenue. Note the "Developed by Orleans Levee Board" heading.
Country United States
State Louisiana
City New Orleans
Planning District District 6, Gentilly District
Elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Coordinates 30°01′41″N 90°03′42″W / 30.02806°N 90.06167°W / 30.02806; -90.06167
Area 18.26 sq mi (47.3 km2)
 - land 1.51 sq mi (4 km2)
 - water 16.75 sq mi (43 km2), 91.73%
Population 675 (2010)
Density 37 / sq mi (14 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 504

Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks is a neighborhood of the city of New Orleans. A subdistrict of the city's Gentilly District Area, its boundaries as defined by the City Planning Commission are: Lake Pontchartrain to the north, the Industrial Canal to the east, Leon C. Simon Drive, Elysian Fields Avenue, New York Street, the London Avenue Canal and Robert E. Lee Boulevard to the south and Bayou St. John to the west. The neighborhood comprises the Lake Terrace and Lake Oaks subdivisions, the principal campus of the University of New Orleans and the University of New Orleans Research & Technology Park, all built on land reclaimed from Lake Pontchartrain. The Lakefront is a term sometimes used to name the larger neighborhood created by the Orleans Levee Board's land reclamation initiative in early 20th century New Orleans; it includes Lake Terrace and Lake Oaks, as well as Lakeshore Drive, the lakefront park system, the University of New Orleans, Lake Vista and Lakeshore. It is considered one of the wealthier areas in the city. [1] [2]

History[edit]

This was the original location of Milneburg, whose historic name has been more recently revived for use by a more modern neighborhood somewhat further south.

Land was reclaimed from Lake Pontchartrain in an Orleans Levee Board project which began in the 1920s and was completed in the 1930s, creating the space now occupied by the neighborhood.

The Pontchartrain Beach amusement park, originally opened within the present-day Lake Terrace subdivision in the 1920s, moved to newly reclaimed land at the foot of Elysian Fields Avenue in the 1930s and remained a popular attraction through the early 1980s.

During World War II the area included important war effort facilities such as Higgins Industries shipyards, Camp Leroy Johnson, and a Naval Air Base, NAS New Orleans. NAS New Orleans later moved across the Mississippi River to Belle Chasse, and the site of the former naval air station was developed into the principal campus of the University of New Orleans.

After Hurricane Katrina in 2005, while some homes and businesses flooded (especially those on and near Robert E. Lee Boulevard/Leon C. Simon Drive) the majority of the section - like the majority of the Lakefront - escaped the disastrous post-Katrina flooding of New Orleans, by virtue of the higher elevation of this man-made land. Post-Katrina, the Lakefront appeared as a slender, curiously undamaged and almost wholly recovered zone adjacent to the far lower-lying and hard-hit Lakeview and Gentilly neighborhoods on the other side of Robert E. Lee Boulevard/Leon C. Simon Drive.

Geography[edit]

Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks is located at 30°01′41″N 90°03′42″W / 30.02806°N 90.06167°W / 30.02806; -90.06167 [1] and has an elevation of 0 feet (0.0 m).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the district has a total area of 18.26 square miles (47.3 km2). 1.51 square miles (3.9 km2) of which is land and 16.75 square miles (43.4 km2) (91.73%) of which is water.

Though Lake Terrace, Lake Oaks, and the other Lakefront neighborhoods of Lake Vista and Lakeshore contain numerous fine examples of mid-20th century modernism, no local or national historic district has been established to bring attention to this unique architectural inventory, or to the noteworthy overall design of New Orleans' Lakefront neighborhood. Lacking local historic district designation to protect the existing built environment from unwarranted demolitions, the mid-20th century architectural fabric of the Lakefront is being slowly eroded as existing residential structures are torn down to accommodate new construction.

Adjacent Neighborhoods[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

The City Planning Commission defines the boundaries of Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks as these streets: Lake Pontchartrain, the Industrial Canal, Leon C. Simon Drive, Elysian Fields Avenue, New York Street, the London Avenue Canal and Robert E. Lee Boulevard and Bayou St. John.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,162 people, 689 households, and 526 families residing in the neighborhood.[4] The population density was 1,432 /mi² (5541 /km²).

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,464 people, 982 households, and 544 families residing in the neighborhood.[4]

Education[edit]

New Orleans Public Schools within the neighborhood are directly administered or supervised (depending on whether the school is a public charter) by either the Orleans Parish School Board or the Recovery School District.

Benjamin Franklin High School, an OPSB-supervised public charter school, is in Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. "Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks Neighborhood". Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  4. ^ a b "Lake Terrace/Lake Oaks Neighborhood". Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Benjamin Franklin High School" (PDF). School Facilities Master Plan for Orleans Parish. New Orleans Public Schools. January 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2010-02-26.