||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2011)|
|Lake Timiskaming (or Lake Temiskaming)
|Location||Timiskaming District / Nipissing District, Ontario and Témiscamingue Regional County Municipality, Quebec|
|Primary inflows||Blanche River, Ottawa River, Montreal River, Matabitchuan River|
|Primary outflows||Ottawa River|
|Max. length||110 km (68 mi)|
|Surface area||295 km2 (114 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||216 m (709 ft)|
|Surface elevation||178.40 m (585.3 ft)|
|Islands||du Collège, Mann|
Lake Timiskaming or Lake Temiskaming (French: Lac Témiscamingue) is a large freshwater lake on the provincial boundary between Ontario and Quebec, Canada. The lake, which forms part of the Ottawa River, is 110 kilometres (68 mi) in length and covers an area of almost 295 km2 (114 sq mi). Its water level ranges between 175 m (574 ft) and 179 m (587 ft) above sea-level, with a mean annual average of 178.4 m (585 ft). The lake is in places up to 216 m (709 ft) deep. There are several islands on the lake, notably Mann and du Collège Islands.
The name is from the Algonquin Temikami or Temikaming, meaning "deep waters".
For the trading post and some history see Fort Témiscamingue.
The lake and surrounding area are popular for outdoor recreation. On June 11, 1978, 12 children and 1 teacher from St. John's School of Ontario (defunct), Toronto, died of hypothermia, when their canoes capsized on a school canoe trip.
Lake Timiskaming Rift Valley
Lake Timiskaming is centered on a major rift valley that extends several hundred miles to the north-east called the Timiskaming Graben. It is the northern extension of the Ottawa-Bonnechere Graben, which is part of the Saint Lawrence rift system. There have been recent earthquakes along the rift valley, the most recent being in 2000. There are numerous faults in the area and has produced cliffs such as Devil's Rock, just 5 km (3 mi) south of Haileybury and is dated to be 2.2 billion years old. There are known kimberlite pipes within the rift valley that are considered to be diamondiferous.
- Ottawa River Regulation Planning Board - Principal Reservoirs Current Water Levels and System Constraints
- Peake, Michael (Summer 2002). "Deep Waters: Courage, Character and the Lake Timiskaming Canoeing Tragedy" (Book review). Journal of Canadian Wilderness Canoeing (Che-Mun).
- Media related to Lake Timiskaming at Wikimedia Commons
- Description on Notre-Dame-du-Nord municipal website
- Timiskaming - Ontario Highway 11 Homepage