Laxenburg

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Laxenburg
Coat of arms of Laxenburg
Coat of arms
Laxenburg is located in Austria
Laxenburg
Laxenburg
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°4′N 16°21′E / 48.067°N 16.350°E / 48.067; 16.350Coordinates: 48°4′N 16°21′E / 48.067°N 16.350°E / 48.067; 16.350
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Mödling
Government
 • Mayor Robert Dienst
Area
 • Total 10.59 km2 (4.09 sq mi)
Elevation 177 m (581 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 2,844
 • Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal codes 2351, 2361
Area code 02236
Website www.laxenburg.at

Laxenburg is a town in the district of Mödling in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, near Vienna.

History[edit]

The place is well known for its castle, Schloss Laxenburg, which, beside Schönbrunn, was the most important summer seat of the Habsburg dynasty.

This castle became a Habsburg possession in 1333 and was extended in the 17th century by Lodovico Burnacini. The Blauer Hof (German for: blue court) or Neues Schloss (German for: new castle) was built around 1745 during the reign of empress Maria Theresia and has a Rococo interior.

The church of Laxenburg, which was the first building north of the Alps containing swung facade components (characteristics of the high baroque), was built between 1693 and 1703 by Carlo Antonio Carlone and continued between 1703 and 1724 by Matthias Steinl.

After 1780, the castle garden was rearranged as an English landscape garden. It contains several artificial ponds, and, on an island, the Franzensburg castle, named after emperor Franz I, can be found.

In 1849, the current political municipality was founded. In 1919, the city of Vienna took over the war-damaged castle. Since then, the city of Vienna became the property owner of the park area of Laxenburg.

After the Anschluss of Austria in 1938, the municipality of Laxenburg became part of the city Vienna. In 1954, the place became independent again and was returned to Lower Austria.

The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), a non-governmental research organization, has been located in Laxenburg since 1973.

The International Anti-Corruption Academy is also located in Laxenburg, in the historic Palais Kaunitz- Wittgenstein.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 1,065 —    
1900 1,264 +18.7%
1951 1,168 −7.6%
1971 1,353 +15.8%
1981 1,861 +37.5%
1991 2,605 +40.0%
2001 2,736 +5.0%
2011 2,742 +0.2%

Notable natives[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]