Lebanon–Uruguay relations

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Lebanon-Uruguay relations
Map indicating locations of Lebanon and Uruguay

Lebanon

Uruguay

Lebanon–Uruguay relations are foreign relations between Lebanon and Uruguay. Uruguay recognized Lebanon's independence on November 22, 1943. Both countries established diplomatic relations on October 25, 1945. Lebanon has an embassy in Montevideo.[1] Uruguay has an embassy in Beirut.[2]

Lebanese in Uruguay[edit]

Memorial to the Uruguayan national hero José Gervasio Artigas, dedicated by the Lebanese community in Uruguay.
Main article: Lebanese Uruguayan

The first Lebanese immigrants to Uruguay arrived in the 1860s.[3] In 1954 there were 15,000 people of Lebanese descent living in Uruguay.[4] By 2009 the number had grown to about 55,000.[5] In 1997, Uruguay's house speaker noted that its 99 seat parliament contains two members of Lebanese origin, including himself.[6]

Diplomatic relations[edit]

In 1924 Uruguay established an Honorary Consulate in Beirut, and on November 16, 1928 made it a Consulate General for the State of Greater Lebanon and Syria.[2] On October 25, 1945 the Government of Uruguay was one of the first countries to open diplomatic relations with the newly independent state of Lebanon, upgrading their Beirut mission to an Embassy. In 1954 the Lebanese President Camille Chamoun visited Uruguay.[4] On May 31, 1954 he signed the first treaty between the two countries in Montevideo.[2]

From 1946 to 1963, Lebanon was represented in Uruguay by an Honorary Consulate of Lebanon in Montevideo. From 1963, Lebanon was represented through their Embassy of Lebanon Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 1971, Lebanon established a diplomatic mission in Montevideo, with representation at the ambassadorial level.[7]

In December 1999, Zafer El-Hasan, secretary general of the Lebanese Foreign Ministry, held bilateral talks with Uruguayan Deputy Foreign Minister Roberto Rodriguez Pioli about enhancing relations between the two countries in the political, economic and cultural fields. Pioli was visiting Lebanon with a delegation of businessmen of Lebanese origin.[8] The two representatives signed an agreement on cultural cooperation.[9][10]

There has been controversy in Uruguay about relations with Lebanon. Julio María Sanguinetti of the Partido Colorado, president from 1995 to 2000, said in an interview after losing power that Uruguay was wrong to support Lebanon in disputes with Israel due to Lebanon's failure to combat terrorism.[11]

In May 2007 the Lebanese president Emile Lahoud decorated the outgoing Ambassador of Uruguay, Vos Alberto Rubio, with the National Order of the Cedar, in gratitude for to his diplomatic work. The ambassador later inaugurated a bust of José Artigas, the liberator of Uruguay, commemorating almost 49 years of uninterrupted diplomatic relations between the two countries.[12] Later in 2007 Jorge Luis Jure Arnoletti became the new Uruguayan Ambassador to Lebanon.[13]

Following the surprise election of pro a western government in Lebanon during June 2009, Uruguay congratulated the President Michel Suleiman, the new government, and the people of Lebanon saying they hoped recent developments would unite them with very close ties. [14]

In April 2011, Foreign Minister Luis Almagro made an official visit to Lebanon and other countries in the Middle East.[15]

Lebanon-Israel conflicts[edit]

Uruguay has consistently supported Lebanon in disputes with Israel. When the 1978 South Lebanon conflict broke out, the Uruguay parliament was the only one in South America to take a decision demanding implementation of the 1978 United Nations Security Council Resolution 425, calling on Israel to immediately withdraw its forces from Lebanon.[6] During the 2006 Lebanon War, five Uruguayan families of Lebanese origin were caught up in the conflict, but managed to escape from Lebanon to Syria.[16] Uruguay coordinated with Venezuela to evacuate their citizens.[17][18] Uruguayan Foreign Minister Reinaldo Gargano stated that Israel should cease fire and begin talks with Lebanon under the supervision of the United Nations.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Embassy of Lebanon in Montevideo
  2. ^ a b c "Embassy of Uruguay in Lebanon". Embassy of Uruguay in Lebanon. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  3. ^ "La inmigración libanesa en el Uruguay" (in Spanish). Colectividad Libanesa en el Uruguay. Archived from the original on 2009-07-24. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "Visitor from Lebanon". Time magazine. May 24, 1954. Retrieved 4 July 2009. "... Uruguay, where there are 15,000 Lebanese ..." 
  5. ^ "Geographical distribution of the Lebanese diaspora". United States Committee for a Free Lebanon. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "News from Beirut". Lebanon.com. August 26, 1997. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  7. ^ "RELACIONES DIPLOMÁTICAS ENTRE URUGUAY Y LIBANO". Association of Young Lebanese Uruguayans. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  8. ^ "Bilateral discussions between Lebanon and Uruguay". ArabicNews.com. 17 December 1999. 
  9. ^ "Agreement on Cultural Cooperation between Uruguay and Lebanon, signed in Beirut on 17 December 1999". Library of Congress. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "Lebanon, Uruguay sign cooperation agreement". ArabicNews. 18 December 1999. Retrieved 7 July 2009. 
  11. ^ "El ex-Presidente Dr.Julio María Sanguinetti, critica la política del actual gobierno en relación a Oriente ..." (in Spanish). Espacio El Latino. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  12. ^ "Presidente libanés condecora al Embajador de Uruguay en Beirut" (in Spanish). Mundo Islámico. 2007-05-14. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  13. ^ "Jorge Luis Jure Arnoletti: Lebanon, our privileged partner in this part of the world". Monday Morning. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  14. ^ "Elections in Lebanon" (in Spanish). diplomacymonitor.com. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2009. 
  15. ^ "Almagro on a diplomatic tour in the Middle East". El Observador. 10 April 2011.  (Spanish)
  16. ^ "Uruguayan escaped from Lebanon to Syria in rugged odyssey" (in Spanish). El Pais. 21 July 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2009. 
  17. ^ "L. American nations evacuate citizens from Lebanon". Peoples Daily Online. July 19, 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  18. ^ "Massive international sea evacuation of citizens from Lebanon gathers pace". AFX News in Forbes. 18 July 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  19. ^ "Uruguay, Venezuela urge Israel's ceasefire in Lebanon". People's Daily Online. July 18, 2006. Retrieved 7 July 2009. 

External links[edit]