Lincoln Bank Tower
|Location||116 East Berry Street, Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States|
|Roof||312 feet (95 m)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Alvin M. Strauss|
The Lincoln Tower in Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States, is an Art-Deco highrise building. Construction started in late 1929 with the building's opening in 1930. For decades, it was the tallest building in the state. The building was also known as "Lincoln Bank Tower" to distinguish it from the building at 215 Berry Street, which had been known as the "Lincoln Life Building" from 1912 until 1923. Today, that other building is commonly known by the original Elektron Building name.
Lincoln National Bank and Trust was chartered as The German American National Bank in 1905. During World War I, anti-German sentiment was running high and therefore on May 31, 1918, the German American National Bank became Lincoln National Bank.
The choice of Lincoln as a name was fairly appealing, not only was there the thriving insurance company, also founded in 1905, down the street, but people were still excited about the Lincoln Highway, (the main street of America) that passed through Fort Wayne to be the first coast-to-coast highway in America. In 1928, Lincoln National Bank merged with Lincoln Trust Company (formerly known as Strauss Brothers Commercial Bank) to become Lincoln National Bank and Trust.
Shortly after Lincoln National Bank and Trust was formed, President Charles Buesching commissioned a skyscraper to serve as headquarters for the new bank. Buesching considered it to be a monument to the German immigrants who settled the Fort Wayne area at the turn of the 20th century and formed the backbone of his investors, depositors, and customers. Buesching himself was a German immigrant.
Alvin M. Strauss of Fort Wayne was architect, while Buesching and Hagerman were contractors for the building. Some design elements were based on the Tribune Tower in Chicago. Ground was broken on August 16, 1929, for the building, and despite the Great Crash on October 24, construction continued on the $1.3 million structure.
It was the tallest building of any kind in the state until 1962, and tallest in Fort Wayne until the Fort Wayne National Bank Building (known as National City Center from 1999-2009 and as PNC Center since 2009) was built in 1970.
In 1995, the former Lincoln National Bank and Trust, by then part of Norwest Bank, moved into new facilities at Norwest City Center (now known as Wells Fargo Indiana Center). Lincoln Tower was 60% vacant after this move. In 1997, Lincoln Tower was sold at a sheriff's sale. There had been a $2 million default on the mortgage of a building that originally cost $1.3 million to build. In 1998, Tippmann Properties bought Lincoln Tower, and began to carefully refurbish it. A new bank, calling itself Tower Bank, announced it would open in Lincoln Tower, occupying the lobby and some office space. The new bank used a stylized gold version of the Lincoln Bank Tower as its corporate logo, which was designed by prominent Fort Wayne ad agency Boyden & Youngblutt.
Although Tower Bank is currently in the process of being acquired by Old National Bank pending Federal Reserve, FDIC, and Tower shareholder approval, Old National will make the Lincoln Bank Tower their Fort Wayne banking market headquarters. Old National will also keep the Lincoln Bank Tower banking center and many of Tower's executives. Old National also maintains an insurance operation in Fort Wayne, located in Aboite Township.
In 1996 this building was used for sets in several scenes of In the Company of Men, a film written and directed by Neil LaBute. The main bank lobby was used for the final shot. The apartment at the end of the movie was actually the room that is now the deli in the main lobby. Other scenes were filmed in bathrooms and various office spaces throughout the building, including a shot from the roof overlooking the Allen County Courthouse.
Seven bronze panels at the main entrance depict scenes from the life of President Abraham Lincoln. The building is constructed of 1 774 tons of structural steel, faced with 21 250 cubic feet of cut Indiana limestone and granite with gold highlights. It features lead spandrel panels, a 58-ton terra-cotta crown, and 500 tons of marble. At the top of the building is a slender observation tower topped by a flagpole.
Between the entrance and the lobby, there is a snack shop with the original 1930 soda fountain still in use. The main banking lobby itself is 85 feet (26 m) wide, 110 feet (34 m) long, and two stories tall. There are large art deco murals depicting the industries and the seasons, using elemental symbolism from Greek and Egyptian traditions, such as a female form to represent fecundity and the sun to represent energy. Materials include hand-wrought bronze, Milford granite, Italian Travertine marble, several rate types of green Vermont marble, and Indiana limestone.
- Lincoln Bank Tower at SkyscraperPage
- Lincoln Bank Tower Profile on skyscraperpage.com Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- Lincoln Bank Tower Profile on glasssteelandstone.com Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- Tower Bank Homepage. Retrieved on May 17, 2008.
- "Main Entrance Photo". Indiana Historic Architecture and Preservation. Retrieved July 1, 2007.
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