Emperor of Mexico

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For the rulers of pre-Columbian Aztec Empire, see List of Tenochtitlan rulers.
Emperor of Mexico
Former Monarchy
Imperial
Coat of Arms of the Second Mexican Empire.svg
Imperial Coat of arms
X-Large Portrait of Maximiliano.jpg
Maximilian I
First monarch Agustín I
Last monarch Maximilian I
Style His Imperial Majesty
Official residence Chapultepec Castle
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy began 19 May 1822
Monarchy ended 15 May 1867
Current pretender(s) Maximilian von Götzen-Itúrbide

The Emperor of Mexico (Spanish: Emperador de México) was the head of state and ruler of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century.

With the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire from Spain in 1821, Mexico became an independent monarchy—the First Mexican Empire (1822–1823). The monarchy was soon replaced by the First Republic of Mexico. In turn, Mexico reverted into a monarchy in the 1860s, during the Second Mexican Empire (1864–1867).

In both instances of Empire, the reigning Emperor was forcibly deposed and then executed.

Mexican Empire (1822–1823)[edit]

Main article: First Mexican Empire
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Agustín I
(1783-09-27)27 September 1783 – 19 July 1824(1824-07-19) (aged 40) 19 May 1822 19 March 1823 Iturbide Agustín I of Mexico

Mexican Empire (1864–1867)[edit]

Main article: Second Mexican Empire
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Maximilian I
(1832-07-06)6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867(1867-06-19) (aged 34) 10 April 1864 15 May 1867 Habsburg-Iturbide Maximilian I of Mexico

See also[edit]