Most Saraikis are Baloch , Sindhis, Pathans, Syeds, Gailanis, Qureshis who are Non Natives of Punjab who immigrated lately into South Punjab. The separate Seraiki identity stems from the fact that many Immigrant Sindhi, Baloch and Pukhtoon population who inhabited the lands of Punjab started speaking Punjabi with a different dialect due to their mother tongues giving rise to Seraiki. For example Durranis, Niazis and Tareen tribes are part of pashtun tribes residing in south Punjab. At the moment Niazis and Durranis are feudals of some parts of South Punjab on the land which they captured and snatched from local population during their peak times. Even tough Ranjit Singh later attacked Multan, Bahawalpur and Mianwali regions and as a result many Pashtuns ran away and they had taken their lost lands back but still some Pashtuns remain behind. The same reason led to the strange phenomenon in Mianwali district where Niazi people called themselves Seraiki while they live in North Punjab and their language is pretty closer to Northern Dialects of Punjab but instead of referring to themselves as Punjabi often call themselves Punjabi Pathan or Seraiki.
Below is a list of Saraiki-speaking tribes. Saraiki population is divided into two groups: tribes that belong to the Jat original South Saraikii community and those who are migrant either SindhiBaloch or Pashtun by origin. Other than those two categories, there are a number of Saraiki tribes that either claim Arab ancestry or else form distinct communities.