List of Vice Presidents of the Dominican Republic

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The Vice President is the first person in the presidential line of succession, ascending to the Presidency upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President. There are thirty-nine Vice Presidents of the Dominican Republic. Under the Constitution of the Dominican Republic, the Vice President shall be elected along with the President.

Since the independence of the Dominican Republic in 1844 until 1865, what is considered the First Republic, there were no constitutional Vice Presidents. Yet, during that time there were acting Vice Presidents; this was under the rule of Pedro Santana.

History[edit]

After the inception of the Dominican Republic, the country was run by a Central Governing Junta lead by Pedro Santana. As such, there was no need for a Vice President at the time. Yet, it is believed that the first Vice President of the Republic was Felipe Benicio Alfau Bustamante, who was elected as Acting Vice President by Pedro Santana. This was spurred because Santana was invited to go abroad yet the Republic had to be seen to in his absence.

The Constitution of the Dominican Republic has been amended many times, and in some instances the office of the Vice President had been eliminated to later be recreated. In times when the office was eliminated, if the President was leaving the country, an acting President was designated, therefore creating the post of a second in command. For example the 30th President of the Dominican Republic, Carlos Felipe Morales, elected Ramón Cáceres to be his Vice President from 1903 until 1905. Then from 1905–1911, the previous Vice President Ramón Cáceres is elected as President and the office of the Vice President is eliminated during that time span.

Also during the 31 year dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo, the office of the Vice President was eliminated or vacated on several occasions.

Since 1966, which is considered the beginning of the 4th Republic, the office of the Vice President of the Dominican Republic has been a permanent post. Also, the Vice President has to be elected along with the President, not appointed by the latter.

Vice Presidents of the Dominican Republic, 1844–1861[edit]

# Picture Name Began office Left office President
1 Felipe Benicio Alfau Bustamante 1853 1853 Pedro Santana
2 Manueldereglamosa.gif Manuel de Regla Mota y Alvarez 1853 1856
3 Antonio Abad Alfau Bustamante 1856 1856 Manuel de Regla Mota
4 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 1856 1857 Buenaventura Báez
5 Domingo Daniel Pichardo Pró 1857 1858 José Desiderio Valverde
6 Benigni Filomeno de Rojas.jpg Benigno Filomeno de Rojas y Ramos 1858 1861 Pedro Santana

Annexation by Spain, 1861-1865[edit]

Vice Presidents of the Dominican Republic, 1865–1924[edit]

# Picture Name Began office Left office President
7 Francisco Antonio Gómez y Báez 1865 1868 Pedro Antonio Pimentel
Buenaventura Báez
José María Cabral
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
8 Manuel Altagracia Cáceres y Fernández 1868 1871 Buenaventura Báez
9 Juan Isidro Ortea y Kennedy 1871 1878
Ignacio María González
Ulises Francisco Espaillat
Buenaventura Báez
10 Francisco Billini.jpg Francisco Gregorio Billini 1878 1882 Cesareo Guillermo
Ignacio María González
Cesáreo Guillermo
Gregorio Luperón
Fernando Arturo de Meriño
11 Casimiro Nemesio de Moya 1882 1884 Ulises Heureaux
12 Alejandro Woss y Gil 1884 1887 Francisco Gregorio Billini
Alejandro Woss y Gil
13 Segundo Francisco Imbert Delmonte 1887 1889 Ulises Heureaux
14 Manuel María Gautier 1889 1893
15 Juan Wanceslao Figuereo 1893 26 July 1899
Juan Wanceslao Figuereo
Vacant (26 July 1899 – 15 November 1899)
16 Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez 15 November 1899 2 May 1902 Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
Vacant (2 May 1902 – 1903)
17 Eugenio Deschamps Peña 1903 1903 Alejandro Woss y Gil
18 Ramon Caceres.jpg Ramón Cáceres 24 November 1903 29 December 1905 Carlos Felipe Morales
Abolished (29 December 1905 – 12 July 1924)

Vice Presidents of the Dominican Republic, 1924–1966[edit]

# Picture Name Began office Left office President
19 Federico Velázquez 12 July 1924 1928 Horacio Vásquez
20 José Dolores Alfonseca 1928 3 March 1930
(Resign the office)
Vacant (3 March 1930 – 16 August 1930)
21 Rafael Estrella Urena Great Grandfather.jpg Rafael Estrella Ureña 16 August 1930 1932
(Resign the office for differences with the president)
Rafael Trujillo
Vacant (1932 – 16 August 1934)
22 Jacinto Bienvenido Peynado 16 August 1934 16 August 1938 Rafael Trujillo
23 Manuel Troncoso de la Concha 16 August 1938 24 February 1940
(assume the presidency after the death of the President J. B. Peynado)
Jacinto Peynado
Vacant (7 March 1940 – 18 May 1942; The Minister of the Armed Force was third in line)
Position abolished (18 May 1942 – 16 August 1957)
24 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo 16 August 1957 3 August 1960 Héctor Trujillo
25 Rafael F.Bonnelly.jpg Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly 3 August 1960 18 January 1962 Joaquín Balaguer
26 Eduardo Read Barrera 18 January 1962 1962 Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly
27 Nicolás Pichardo 1962 27 February 1963
28 Armando González Tamayo 27 February 1963 25 September 1963 Juan Bosch
None (Triumvirate) (26 September 1963 – 25 April 1965; chaired from December 29, 1963 by Donald Reid Cabral)
29 Manuel Joaquín Castillo 4 May 1965 30 August 1965 Antonio Imbert Barrera
Vacant (30 August 1965 – 3 September 1965)
None (provisional) (3 September 1965 – 1 July 1966)

Vice Presidents of the Dominican Republic, 1966–present[edit]

# Picture Name Began office Left office President
30 Francisco Augusto Lora 1 July 1966 16 August 1970
(Resign the office)
Joaquín Balaguer
31 Carlos Rafael Goico 16 August 1970 16 August 1978
32 Jacobo Majluta Azar.JPG Jacobo Majluta Azar 16 August 1978 4 July 1982
(assume the presidency after the death of the President Guzmán Fernández)
Antonio Guzmán Fernández
Vacant (4 July 1982 – 16 August 1982)
33 Manuel Fernández Mármol 16 August 1982 20 October 1983
(died)
Jacobo Majluta Azar
Salvador Jorge Blanco
Vacant (20 October 1983 – 16 August 1986)
34 Morales Troncoso Clinton adjusted.jpg Carlos Morales Troncoso 16 August 1986 16 August 1994 Joaquín Balaguer
35 Jacinto Peynado y Garrigosa 16 August 1994 16 August 1996
36 Jaime-david-fernandez-mirabalpld001.jpg Jaime David Fernández Mirabal 16 August 1996 16 August 2000 Leonel Fernández
37 Milagros Ortiz.jpg Milagros Ortiz Bosch 16 August 2000 16 August 2004 Hipólito Mejía
38 Rafael Alburquerque.jpg Rafael Alburquerque 16 August 2004 16 August 2012 Leonel Fernández
39 Her Excellency Ms. Margarita Cedeño de Fernández, Vice-President of the Dominican Republic (8957848699).jpg Margarita Cedeño de Fernández 16 August 2012 Present Danilo Medina

See Also[edit]