List of battalions of the King's Regiment (Liverpool)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of battalions of the King's Regiment (Liverpool), which existed as a regiment of the British Army from 1881 to 1958.

Original composition[edit]

When the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot became the King's (Liverpool Regiment) in 1881 under the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Armed Forces, eight pre-existent militia and volunteer battalions of Lancashire and the Isle of Man were integrated into the structure of the King's Regiment. Volunteer battalions had been created in reaction to a perceived threat of invasion by France the late 1850s. Organised as "rifle volunteer corps", independent of the British Army and composed primarily of the middle class. The only change to the regiment's structure during the period of 1881-1908 occurred during the Second Boer War. During the conflict, the regiment formed two additional regular battalions in Ireland in 1900, which required the militia to be renumbered the 5th and 6th to accommodate them. The new battalions disbanded in 1901 and the militia reverted to their original designations.

Battalion Formed Formerly
Regular
1st 1685
2nd 1857
Militia
3rd (Militia) 1797 1st Battalion, 2nd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own)[1]
4th (Militia) 1854 2nd Battalion, 2nd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own)[1]
Volunteers
1st Volunteer 1859 1st Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps[1]
2nd Volunteer 1859 5th (The Liverpool Rifle Volunteer Brigade) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps[1]
3rd Volunteer 1859 13th Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps[1]
4th Volunteer 1860 15th Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps[1]
5th (Irish) Volunteer 1860 18th (Liverpool Irish) Lancashire Rifle Volunteers Corps[1]
6th Volunteer 1861 19th (Liverpool Press Guard) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps[1]
7th (Isle of Man) Volunteer 1860 1st Isle of Man Rifle Volunteers[2]

Reorganisation[edit]

The Territorial Force (later Army) was formed in 1908, which the volunteer battalions joined, while the militia battalions transferred to the "Special Reserve". All volunteer battalions were renumbered to create a single sequential order. Uniquely, the 7th (Isle of Man) Battalion did not join the Territorial Force, instead remaining a "volunteer" battalion.

Battalion Formerly
5th (Rifle) 1st Volunteer Battalion[1]
6th (Rifle) 2nd Volunteer Battalion[1]
7th Amalgamation of 3rd and 4th Volunteer Battalions[1]
8th (Irish) 5th (Irish) Volunteer Battalion[1]
9th 6th Volunteer Battalion[1]
10th (Liverpool Scottish) 8th (Scottish) Volunteer Battalion (formed 1900)[3]

First World War[edit]

The King's Regiment would field 49 battalions and lose 13,795 officers and other ranks during the course of the war. The regiment's territorial components formed duplicate second and third line battalions. As an example, the three-line battalions of the 5th King's were numbered as the 1/5th, 2/5th, and 3/5th respectively. Many battalions of the King's were formed as part of Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener's appeal for an initial 100,000 men volunteers in 1914. They were referred to as the New Army or Kitchener's Army. The 17th to 20th King's, New Army "Service" battalions, were referred to as the Liverpool "Pals" because they were predominantly composed of work colleagues.

Battalion Formed Served Fate
Regular
1st 1685 Western Front[4]
2nd 1857 India (NWF), Afghanistan[4]
Special Reserve
3rd (Reserve) Britain, Ireland[4]
4th (Extra Reserve) Western Front[4]
Territorial Force
1/5th 1859 Western Front[4] See Inter-War
1/6th (Rifle) 1859 Western Front[4] See Inter-War
1/7th 1859/1860 Western Front[4] See Inter-War
1/8th (Irish) 1860 Western Front[4] See Inter-War
1/9th 1861 Western Front[4] See Inter-War
1/10th (Scottish) 1900 Western Front[4] See Inter-War
2/5th Liverpool, September 1914 Western Front[4] Disbanded 1 February 1918[1]
2/6th (Rifle) Liverpool, September 1914 Western Front[4] Disbanded 1918
2/7th Bootle,[1] October 1914 Western Front[4] Disbanded 15 May 1919[1]
2/8th (Irish) Liverpool, October 1914 Western Front[4] Absorbed by 1/8th King's on 31 January 1918[1]
2/9th Battalion Liverpool, October 1914 Western Front Absorbed by 1/9th King's in February 1918
2/10 (Scottish) Liverpool, October 1914 Western Front Absorbed by 1/10th King's in April 1918
3/5th Liverpool, May 1915 Britain Transferred to West Lancashire Reserve Brigade (WLRB), 1916
3/6th (Rifle) Liverpool, May 1915 Britain Transferred to WLRB, 1916
3/7th Liverpool, May 1915 Britain Transferred to WLRB, 1916
3/8th (Irish) Liverpool, May 1915 Britain Transferred WLRB, 1916
3/9th Liverpool, May 1915 Britain Transferred to WLRB, 1916
3/10th (Scottish) Liverpool, May 1915 Britain Transferred to WLRB, 1916
25th Sheringham, 1 January 1917 Western Front Disbanded
26th Essex, 1 January 1917 Britain Disbanded March 1918
New Army
11th (Service) Seaforth, 23 August 1914 Western Front Absorbed by the 15th Loyals, August 1918
12th (Service) Seaforth, September 1914 Western Front Disbanded
13th (Service) Seaforth, October 1914 Western Front Disbanded
14th (Service) Seaforth, October 1914 Western Front, Salonika Absorbed by the 18th in August 1918
15th (Reserve) Formby, November 1914 Britain Became the 49th Training Reserve Battalion, September 1916
16th (Reserve) Hoylake Britain Absorbed by TR battalions of 11th Reserve Brigade, September 1916
17th (Service) Liverpool, 29 August 1914 Western Front, Russia Disbanded 1919
18th (Service) Liverpool, 29 August 1914 Western Front Disbanded
19th (Service) Liverpool, 29 August 1914 Western Front Absorbed by the 14th King's, 13 August 1918
20th (Service) Liverpool, 16 October 1914 Western Front Disbanded February 1918
21st (Reserve) Knowsley Park, August 1914 Britain Became 67th Training Reserve Battalion in 16th Reserve Brigade, 1916
22nd (Reserve) Knowsley Park, August 1914 Britain Became 68th Training Reserve Battalion, 16th Reserve Brigade, 1916
Others
7th (Isle of Man) Volunteer Battalion 1860 Britain, Salonika (Service Company) Disbanded
23rd (Works) Prescot, May 1916 Britain Became the 1st Labour Battalion
24th (Works) June 1916 Britain Possibly redesignated as the 27th; became the 2nd Labour Battalion, April 1917
27th (Home Service) Sidestrand, 27 April 1918 Britain Disbanded
28th (Home Service) Clacton-on-Sea, June 1918 Britain Absorbed by 17th King's, July 1918
1st Garrison Liverpool, August 1915 Egypt Disbanded
2nd Garrison Pembroke Dock, November 1915 Egypt, Salonika Disbanded
3rd (Home Service) Garrison Pembroke Dock, April 1916 Britain Became the 3rd Royal Defence Corps, August 1917
1st Dock Liverpool, August 1915 Liverpool Disbanded
2nd Dock Liverpool, August 1915 Liverpool Disbanded
51st (Graduated) Fermoy, 27 October 1917 Ireland, East Anglia Disbanded
52nd (Graduated) Herringfleet, 27 October 1917 East Anglia Disbanded
53rd (Young Soldier) Prees Heath, 27 October 1917 Kinmel Camp, Rhyl Disbanded

Inter-War[edit]

By 1922, all of the regiment's war-raised battalions had disbanded. The King's would not, however, return to its original peacetime size; it would lose the 8th (Liverpool Irish) and 9th Battalions shortly after the war ended. The Special Reserve reverted to its militia designation in 1921, then to Supplementary Reserve in 1924; however, its battalions were effectively placed in 'suspended animation'. As World War II, approached, the Territorial Army was reorganised in the mid-1930s, many of its infantry battalions were converted to other roles, especially anti-aircraft.

Battalion Fate
5th Retained, though became a "line infantry" battalion when its rifle distinctions were relinquished in 1937
6th (Rifle) Transferred to the Royal Engineers, becoming the 38th (King's) Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1936
7th Became the 40th (The King's) Regiment, Royal Tank Corps, 1938
8th (Irish) Disbanded 31 March 1922[1]
9th Absorbed by the Royal Engineers, early 1920s[5]
10th (Liverpool Scottish) Became a battalion of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, retaining its Liverpool Scottish designation, 1937.

Second World War[edit]

The King's expansion during the Second World War was modest compared to 1914-18. Existing battalions formed duplicates as in WWI, while National Defence Companies were combined to create a new "Home Defence" battalion. In addition to this, 16 battalions and four batteries of the Home Guard were affiliated to the regiment.

Battalion Formed Served Fate
Regular
1st 1685 India, Burma Became the 15th (The King's) Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, 1945
2nd 1857 North Africa, Italy, Greece See post-WWII
Supplementary Reserve
3rd Britain See Post-WWII
4th Britain See Post-WWII
Territorial Army
5th 1859 Britain, France, Germany See Post-WWII
8th (Irish) Authorised March 1939; reformed October 1939[1] Britain, France[6] Effectively disbanded in August 1944;[7] officially placed in "suspended animation" on 22 November 1944; reconstituted on 1 January 1947 as 626 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA[1]
9th Authorised March 1939; reformed May 1939 as duplicate of 5th King's[1] Britain Effective disbandment; placed in "suspended animation" on 21 March 1946[1]
10th (Home Defence) December 1939 Britain Redesginated the 30th (Home Defence) Battalion. 1941
11th June 1940 Britain Became the 152nd Regiment Royal Armoured Corps, November 1941
12th July 1940 Britain Transferred to the Royal Artillery, November 1941
13th June 1940 India, Burma (Chindits) Disbanded 1945
14th Isle of Man, October 1940 Isle of Man Disbanded February 1942
15th (Home Defence) Formerly the 2/10th King's, September 1940 Britain Disbanded 1941
30th (Home Defence) Formerly the 10th King's Britain Disbanded March 1943
Others
50th (Holding) Liverpool, 1939 Britain Disbanded
70th (Young Soldiers) Formed from the 10th King's, September 1940 Britain Disbanded September 1943

Post-World War II[edit]

In the immediate post-war period, the army was significantly reduced: nearly all infantry regiments had their second battalions amalgamated and the Supplementary Reserve and its battalions disbanded. A defence review by Duncan Sandys in 1957 decided that the King's would amalgamate with the Manchester Regiment, to form the King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool). They united as the 1st Battalion on 1 September 1958.

Battalion Fate
1st Amalgamated with 1st Manchesters to form the 1st Battalion, The King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool), 1958
2nd Amalgamated with 1st King's, 1948
3rd Disbanded 1953
4th Disbanded 1953
5th Retained its identity until 1967, when it became a company of the Lancastrian Volunteers

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Frederick, John Bassett Moore (1969), Lineage book of the British Army; Mounted Corps and Infantry, 1660-1968, pp.107-9
  2. ^ Frederick, John Bassett Moore (1969), p.111
  3. ^ Frederick, John Bassett Moore (1969), p.128
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Mileham (2000), pp.240-1
  5. ^ Roberts (1922), The Story of the 9th King's in France, p127
  6. ^ Mileham (2000), p.165
  7. ^ Mileham (2000), p.167

References[edit]