List of colonial governors of Louisiana

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This is a list of the colonial governors of Louisiana, from the founding of the first settlement by the French in 1699 to the territory's acquisition by the United States in 1803.

First French period[edit]

No. Governor Took
Office
Left
Office
Capital
Location
1 Sauvole de la Villantry 1699 1701 Fort Maurepas
2 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne.jpg 1701 1713 Fort Maurepas
& Mobile
3 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac.jpg 1713 1716 Mobile
4 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne.jpg 1716 1717 Mobile
5 Jean-Michel de Lepinay 1717 1718 Mobile
6 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne.jpg 1718 1724 Mobile &
Fort Maurepas
& Biloxi
New Orleans
7 Pierre Dugué de Boisbriant 1724 1726 New Orleans
8 Étienne Périer 1726 1733 New Orleans
9 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne.jpg 1733 1743 New Orleans
10 Pierre François de Rigaud,
Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal
Marquis de Vaudreuil.jpg 1743 1753 New Orleans
11 Louis Billouart,
Chevalier de Kerlerec
1753 1763 New Orleans
12 Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie 1763 1765 New Orleans
13 Charles Philippe Aubry 1765 1766 New Orleans

Spanish period[edit]

No. Governor Took
Office
Left
Office
Capital
Location
1 Antonio de Ulloa[1] Almirante Antonio de Ulloa.jpg 1766 1768 New Orleans
2 Charles Philippe Aubry (acting) 1768 1769 New Orleans
3 Alejandro O'Reilly
(Captain General)
Alejandro O'Reilly by Francisco José de Goya.jpg 1769 1769 New Orleans
4 Luis de Unzaga 1770 1777 New Orleans
5 Bernardo de Gálvez BernardoGálvez.png 1777 1785 New Orleans
6 Esteban Rodríguez Miró Esteban Rodríguez Miró.jpg 1785 1791 New Orleans
7 Francisco Luis Héctor de Carondelet Retrato del Barón de Carondelet - Anónimo (siglo XIX).jpg 1791 1797 New Orleans
8 Manuel Gayoso de Lemos Manuel-gayoso-de-lemos-governor-of-natchez.jpg 1797 1799 New Orleans
9 Nicolás María Vidal (acting civil)
Francisco Bouligny (acting military)[2]
1799 1799 New Orleans
10 Sebastián Calvo de la Puerta y O'Farrill,
Marquis de Casa Calvo [3]
1799 1801 New Orleans
11 Juan Manuel de Salcedo[4] 1801 1803 New Orleans

Second (interim) French period[edit]

No. Governor Took
Office
Left
Office
Capital
Location
14 Pierre Clément de Laussat Laussat.jpg 1803 1803 New Orleans

For governors of the later territory and state of Louisiana under the United States, see List of Governors of Louisiana.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Appointed by Spain, not recognized by the colony.
  2. ^ Bouligny and Vidal shared control of the colonial government following Gayoso's death in July 1799 until the Marquis de Casa Calvo arrived in Louisiana in November 1799. Bouligny oversaw military affairs while Vidal handled the civil administration.
  3. ^ October 1, 1800 Spanish & French diplomats sign the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso, returning Louisiana to the French.
  4. ^ June 15, 1801 Salcedo took office as the last Spanish governor of Louisiana, unaware that France owns the colony. November 30, 1803 the official transfer to France takes place.