List of historical structures maintained by the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

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The following is a comprehensive list of historical structures located within and maintained by the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Structures at Cades Cove, Roaring Fork, the Noah Ogle Place, and Elkmont are part of U.S. Registered Historic Districts. Nine individual structures in the park are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. All historic structures within the park are maintained under NRHP guidelines, whether they are listed or not.

Cades Cove[edit]

Structure Image Date of construction Access Notes
John Oliver Cabin Johnolivercabin2.jpg 1822 Cades Cove Loop Rd. Oldest standing structure in the park
Cades Cove Primitive Baptist Church Primitivebaptistchurch.jpg 1887 Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Cades Cove Methodist Church Cades Cove Methodist Church.jpg 1902 Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Cades Cove Missionary Baptist Church 1915 Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Myers Barn 1920 Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Elijah Oliver Cabin Elijah-oliver-cabin-tn1.jpg 1866 Cades Cove Loop Rd./short trail "dog-trot" style cabin with detached kitchen
Elijah Oliver stable c. 1866 Cades Cove Loop Rd./short trail
Elijah Oliver corn crib c. 1866 Cades Cove Loop Rd./short trail
Elijah Oliver chicken coop c. 1866 Cades Cove Loop Rd./short trail
Becky Cable House 1879 Cades Cove Loop Rd. Built and originally used by Leeson Gregg as a store
John Cable Gristmill 1868 Cades Cove Loop Rd. The mill's overshot wheel is popular with photographers
Cades Cove Museum Barn Cades Cove Loop Rd. Moved from original location
Cades Cove Museum chicken coop Cades Cove Loop Rd. Moved from original location
Cades Cove Museum Smokehouse Cades Cove Loop Rd. Moved from original location
Cades Cove Museum corn crib Cades Cove Loop Rd. Moved from original location
Cades Cove Museum Molasses still Cades Cove Loop Rd. Moved from original location
Henry Whitehead Cabin Henrywhiteheadcabin1.jpg 1896 Forge Creek Rd.
Dan Lawson Cabin Danlawsonplace.jpg 1855 Cades Cove Loop Rd. Built by Lawson's father-in-law, Peter Cable
Dan Lawson Smokehouse Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Dan Lawson Chicken Coop Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Dan Lawson Barn Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Tipton Cabin Tipton-cabin-cades-cove-tn1.jpg 1870s Cades Cove Loop Rd. Sometimes called the Tipton-Oliver Place
Tipton Barn Tiptoncantileverbarn.jpg 1968 Cades Cove Loop Rd. Oft-photographed double-cantilever barn; based on original design
Tipton Corncrib Tipton-corncrib-cades-cove-tn1.jpg Cades Cove Loop Rd.
Tipton Smokehouse Cades Cove Loop Rd. Low building on cabin's front lawn
Carter Shields Cabin Carter-shields-cabin-tn1.jpg 1880s Cades Cove Loop Rd.

Elkmont[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Mayna Avent Cabin Aventcabin2.jpg 1850 Jakes Creek Trail/side trail Built by Ownby family, used as a studio by Mayna Avent in 1920s
Appalachian Clubhouse 1934 Elkmont Road Replaced earlier clubhouse at the site, which burned in 1932
Sneed Cabin 1910 Elkmont Road Log walls chinked with grout; kitchen added 1948
Smith Cabin 1910 Elkmont Road Porch added in 1970s
Higdon Cabin 1910 Elkmont Road Porch added in 1980
Swan Cabin 1910–1930 Elkmont Road Remodeled numerous times
Addicks Cabin 1910 Elkmont Road Initially a "set house" used by Little River Lumber Company employees; rear wing added 1930s
Adamless Eden 1921 Elkmont Road Children's playhouse on Addicks Cabin property; unhewn-log siding
Creekmore Cabin 1910–1930 Elkmont Road Several additions in the 1970s and 1980s
Mayo Cabin 1910 Elkmont Road Initially a "set house" used by Little River Lumber Company employees; rear wing added in the 1930s
Levi Trentham Cabin 1830 Elkmont Road Originally located on upper Jakes Creek; moved to Mayo Cabin lot after Trentham's death in 1932
Mayo Cabin – servants' quarters 1920 Elkmont Road Board and batten siding
Cain Cabin 1915 Elkmont Road Remodeled numerous times
Galyon Cabin 1910–1919 Elkmont Road Kitchen added 1919; associated shed built in 1970
Baumann Cabin 1910 Elkmont Road Clerestory added in the 1920s; Rear wing added in 1936
Scruggs-Brisco Cabin 1910–1930 Elkmont Road Porch added in 1970
Cook Cabin 1912 Elkmont Road Several additions 1930–1950; porch added in 1970
Hale Cabin 1910–1930 Elkmont Road Porch added in 1970
Byers Cabin 1910–1930 Elkmont Road ("Society Hill") Given to Col. David Chapman by Tennessee Park Commission for his work in establishing the national park
Spence Cabin 1910–1930 Little River Trail Also known as "River Lodge"; middle section built with unhewn logs, board-and-batten on east and west sections, weatherboarding on east section

Cataloochee[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Hannah Cabin Hannah-cabin-cataloochee.jpg 1860s Little Cataloochee Trail Brick chimney
Cook Cabin Daniel-cook-cabin-cataloochee.jpg 1850s Little Cataloochee Trail Dismantled in 1970s after vandalism, restored in 1999
Palmer House Palmer-house-cataloochee-nc1.jpg 1869 Now used as a museum
Palmer Smokehouse Located behind the Palmer House
Palmer Springhouse Located behind the Palmer House
Palmer Barn Located near the Palmer House
Palmer Chapel Palmer-chapel-cataloochee.jpg 1898
Beech Grove School Beech-grove-school-cataloochee.jpg 1907
Caldwell House Caldwell-house-cataloochee.jpg 1898–1903
Caldwell Barn Caldwell-barn-cataloochee-nc1.jpg 1923
Steve Woody House Steve-woody-house-cataloochee.jpg 1880 Rough Fork Trail Paneling added in early 20th century
Steve Woody Springhouse Rough Fork Trail
Little Cataloochee Baptist Church Little-cataloochee-chapel.jpg 1889 Little Cataloochee Trail Sometimes called the Ola Baptist Church
Will Messer Barn Messer-barn-cataloochee-nc1.jpg 1905 Moved from original location in Little Cataloochee

Hazel Creek[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Granville Calhoun House Granville-calhoun-house-hazel-creek.jpg 1920s Hazel Creek Trail Built by George Higdon, purchased by Calhoun in 1928
Hall Cabin 1892 Bone Valley Trail The park's most remote historic structure

Greenbrier[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
John Messer Barn Messer-barn-great-smokies1.jpg 1875 Porters Creek Trail Built by Pinkney Whaley; double-cantilever barn
Smoky Mountain Hiking Club Cabin Smoky-mountain-hiking-club-cabin.jpg 1934 Porters Creek Trail Built by SMHC using logs from a nearby Whaley cabin
Baxter Cabin Baxter-cabin-great-smokies.jpg 1889 Maddron Bald Trail Sometimes called the "Jenkins Cabin" after a later owner

Tyson McCarter Place[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Tyson McCarter Barn Barn-tyson-mccarter-tn1.jpg circa 1876 Old Settlers Trail
Tyson McCarter Springhouse Mccarter-springhouse.jpg circa 1876 Old Settlers Trail
Tyson McCarter Smokehouse Smokehouse-tyson-mccarter-tn1.jpg circa 1876 Old Settlers Trail
Tyson McCarter Corncrib McCarter-place-tn1.jpg circa 1876 Old Settlers Trail adjoined to the Tyson McCarter barn

The Sugarlands[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
John Ownby Cabin Johnownbycabin5.jpg 1850s Sugarlands Visitor Center nature trail

Noah Ogle Place[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Noah "Bud" Ogle Cabin Noahoglecabin.jpg Late 1880s Cherokee Orchard Rd. Two cabins sharing one chimney
Noah "Bud" Ogle Barn Noah-ogle-barn-tn1.jpg Late 1880s Cherokee Orchard Rd. Located behind Noah Ogle Cabin
Noah "Bud" Ogle Tub Mill Noahoglemill2.jpg 1885 Noah Ogle Place nature trail Still operational

Roaring Fork[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Alex Cole Cabin Alexcolecabin4.jpg early 19th century Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail Part of Jim Bales Place; moved from original location near Cole Cemetery
Jim Bales Barn Jim-bales-place-barn-tn1.jpg late 19th century Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail Part of Jim Bales Place
Jim Bales Corncrib Jim-bales-corncrib-tn1.jpg late 19th century Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail Part of Jim Bales Place
Ephraim Bales Cabin Ephraimbalescabin2.jpg late 19th century Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail dog-trot double cabin
Ephraim Bales Corncrib late 19th century Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail located behind Ephraim Bales Cabin
Ephraim Bales Barn late 19th century Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail located behind Ephraim Bales Cabin
Ephraim Bales Hogpen Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail located behind Ephraim Bales Cabin
Alfred Reagan Cabin Alfredreagancabin3.jpg late 19th century Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail Paneling and paint added in the early 20th century
Alfred Reagan Tubmill Alfredreaganmill1.jpg Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail located across the street from Reagan's cabin

Little Greenbrier[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Walker Cabin Walkerfarm2.jpg 1859 Little Greenbrier Trail Sometimes called King-Walker Cabin
Walker Corncrib Walker-corncrib-gsmnp-tn1.jpg Little Greenbrier Trail Located adjacent to Walker Cabin
Walker Springhouse Walker-springhouse-gsmnp-tn1.jpg Little Greenbrier Trail Located near Walker Cabin
Little Greenbrier School Little-greenbrier-school1.jpg early 1880s Little Greenbrier Trail Constructed of hewn poplar logs

Oconaluftee[edit]

Structure Image Appx. date of construction Access Notes
Mingus Mill Mingus-mill-1.jpg 1886 just off US-441 Large three-story gristmill, still operational
Smokemont Baptist Church early 20th century Smokemont Campground Rd.
John Davis Cabin John-davis-cabin1.jpg 1900 Just off US-441 Originally located on Indian Creek; part of Mountain Farm Museum
Enloe Barn Oconaluftee-enloe-barn.jpg c. 1880 Just off US-441 part of Mountain Farm Museum
Messer Applehouse Oconaluftee-applehouse-messer1.jpg Just off US-441 Originally located in Cataloochee; part of Mountain Farm Museum
Baxter Chickenhouse Baxter-chicken-house-nc1.jpg late 19th century Just off US-441 Originally located at the Baxter Cabin near Greenbrier
Mountain Farm Museum Meathouse Just off US-441 Originally located in Cataloochee
Mountain Farm Museum Blacksmith Shop 1900 Just off US-441 Originally located in Cades Cove
Mountain Farm Museum Springhouse Oconaluftee-mfm-springhouse-nc1.jpg Just off US-441 Originally located in Cataloochee
Mountain Farm Museum Corncrib/Shed Oconaluftee-mfm-corncrib-nc2.jpg c. 1900 Just off US-441 Originally located near Bryson City
Mountain Farm Museum Corncrib Oconaluftee-corncrib-nc1.jpg c. 1900 Just off US-441 Originally located near Bryson City
Mountain Farm Museum Hogpen Just off US-441 Originally located on Indian Creek

Resources[edit]

  • Davis, Hattie Caldwell. Cataloochee Valley: Vanished Settlements of the Great Smoky Mountains (Alexander, N.C.: Worldcomm, 1997).
  • Dunn, Durwood. Cades Cove: The Life and Death of an Appalachian Community (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1988).
  • Oliver, Duane. Hazel Creek From Then Till Now (Maryville, Tenn.: Stinnett Printing, 1989).
  • Robbins, Tim. Mountain Farm Museum Self-Guided Tour (Gatlinburg: Great Smoky Mountains Association, date not given).
  • Thomason, Phillip and Williams, Michael. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form for Elkmont Historic District. April–July 1993, pp. 8–19. PDF file.
  • Trout, Ed. Historic Buildings of the Smokies (Gatlinburg: Great Smoky Mountains Association, 1995).
  • Wear, Jerry. Greenbrier: Lost Communities of Sevier County, Tennessee (Sevierville, Tenn.: Sevierville Heritage Committee, 1985).
  • Wear, Jerry. Sugarlands: A Lost Community in Sevier County, Tennessee (Sevierville, Tennessee: Sevierville Heritage Committee, 1986).

External links[edit]