List of volcanoes in New Zealand

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This is a list of active, dormant, and extinct volcanoes in New Zealand.

Kermadec Arc and Havre Trough[edit]

Name Elevation Location Last eruption
metres feet Coordinates
Brothers volcano -1350 -4400 - -
Clark (volcano) -860 -2800 36°26′46″S 177°50′20″E / 36.446°S 177.839°E / -36.446; 177.839 (Clark) -
Cole (volcano) - - - -
Cotton (volcano) -950 -3100 35°03′S 178°59′E / 35.05°S 178.99°E / -35.05; 178.99 (Cotton) -
Curtis Island 137 449 30°32′31″S 178°33′40″E / 30.542°S 178.561°E / -30.542; 178.561 (Curtis Island) -
Gamble (volcano) - - - -
Giggenbach (volcano) -65 -210 30°02′10″S 178°42′43″E / 30.036°S 178.712°E / -30.036; 178.712 (Giggenbach) -
Havre Seamount - - 31°07′13″S 179°58′07″W / 31.12028°S 179.96861°W / -31.12028; -179.96861 2012
Healy (volcano) -1150 -3800 34°59′S 179°00′E / 34.98°S 179.00°E / -34.98; 179.00 (Healy) 1360
Hinepuia (volcano) - - - -
Hinetāpeka (volcano) - - - -
Macauley Island 238 781 30°12′S 178°28′E / 30.20°S 178.47°E / -30.20; 178.47 (Macauley Island) Holocene
Monowai Seamount -100 -330 25°53′13″S 177°11′17″E / 25.887°S 177.188°E / -25.887; 177.188 (Monowai Seamount) 2008
Pūtoto (volcano) - - - -
Rakahore (volcano) - - - -
Rumble I -1100 -3610 35°30′S 178°54′E / 35.5°S 178.9°E / -35.5; 178.9 (Rumble I) -
Rumble II -880 -2890 35°24′S 178°36′E / 35.4°S 178.6°E / -35.4; 178.6 (Rumble II) -
Rumble III -140 -459 35°44′42″S 178°28′41″E / 35.745°S 178.478°E / -35.745; 178.478 (Rumble III) 1986
Rumble IV -450 -1476 36°08′S 178°03′E / 36.13°S 178.05°E / -36.13; 178.05 (Rumble IV) -
Rumble V -1100 -3610 36°08′20″S 178°11′49″E / 36.139°S 178.197°E / -36.139; 178.197 (Rumble V) -
Raoul Island 516 1693 29°16′08″S 177°55′40″E / 29.2689°S 177.9279°E / -29.2689; 177.9279 (Raoul Island) 2006
Silent I[1] - - - -
Silent II[1] - - - -
Tangaroa (volcano) -600 -2000 36°19′16″S 178°01′41″E / 36.321°S 178.028°E / -36.321; 178.028 (Tangaroa) -
Volcano W -900 -3000 31°51′S 179°11′E / 31.85°S 179.18°E / -31.85; 179.18 (Volcano W) -
Wright (volcano) -750 -2500 31°30′S 179°12′E / 31.5°S 179.2°E / -31.5; 179.2 (Wright) -

North Island[edit]

Taupo Volcanic Zone[edit]

Major volcanoes of New Zealand
Name Elevation Location Last eruption
metres feet Coordinates
Putauaki (Mt Edgecumbe) 867 - 38°06′S 176°48′E / 38.1°S 176.8°E / -38.1; 176.8 (Mount Edgecumbe) ~ 300 BC[2]
Hauhungatahi 1521 4990 39°14′S 175°26′E / 39.23°S 175.44°E / -39.23; 175.44 (Hauhungatahi) -
Kawerau - - - -
Manawahe 37°57′50″S 176°40′17″E / 37.9639°S 176.6713°E / -37.9639; 176.6713 (Manawahe) ~ 400,000 years ago[3]
Maungakakaramea / Rainbow Mountain 440 1442 38°19′08″S 176°23′17″E / 38.319°S 176.388°E / -38.319; 176.388 (Rainbow Mountain)
Maungaongaonga 509 1670 38°19′34″S 176°20′42″E / 38.326°S 176.345°E / -38.326; 176.345 (Maungaongaonga)
Maroa Caldera 1156 3793 38°25′S 176°05′E / 38.42°S 176.08°E / -38.42; 176.08 (Maroa) 180
Mauao (Mt Maunganui) 232 - 37°37′48″S 176°10′16″E / 37.630°S 176.171°E / -37.630; 176.171 (Mt Manganui) -
Mayor Island/Tuhua 338 1165 37°17′S 176°15′E / 37.283°S 176.250°E / -37.283; 176.250 (Mayor Island) 4390 BC ± 200 years
Mokoia Island - - - -
Mount Ngauruhoe 2291 7516 39°48′S 175°23′E / 39.8°S 175.39°E / -39.8; 175.39 (Ngauruhoe) 1977
Mount Ngongotaha 487 - - -
Okataina Caldera 1111 3645 38°07′S 176°30′E / 38.12°S 176.50°E / -38.12; 176.50 (Okataina) 1973
Pihanga 1325 4347 39°02′28.75″S 175°46′7″E / 39.0413194°S 175.76861°E / -39.0413194; 175.76861 (Pihanga) -
Reporoa Caldera 592 1942 38°25′S 176°20′E / 38.42°S 176.33°E / -38.42; 176.33 (Reporoa Caldera) 1180 (hydrothermal)
Lake Rotorua 757 2484 38°05′S 176°16′E / 38.08°S 176.27°E / -38.08; 176.27 (Lake Rotorua) Pleistocene
Mount Ruapehu 2797 9177 39°11′S 175°21′E / 39.18°S 175.35°E / -39.18; 175.35 (Mount Ruapehu) 2007
Tama Lakes - - - -
Mount Tarawera (part of the Okataina caldera) 1111 3644 38°13′S 176°30′E / 38.22°S 176.5°E / -38.22; 176.5 (Mount Tarawera) 1886
Mount Tauhara 1087 3569 - Pleistocene
Lake Taupo 760 2493 38°49′S 176°00′E / 38.82°S 176.00°E / -38.82; 176.00 (Lake Taupo) 181
Mount Tongariro 1968 6456 39°8′S 175°39′E / 39.133°S 175.650°E / -39.133; 175.650 (Mount Tongariro) 2012
Waiotapu 592 1942 38°25′S 176°20′E / 38.42°S 176.33°E / -38.42; 176.33 (Waiotapu) 1180
Whakaari/White Island 321 1053 37°31′S 177°11′E / 37.52°S 177.18°E / -37.52; 177.18 (White Island) 2013
Moutohora Island 354 1161 37°51′29″S 176°58′48″E / 37.858°S 176.98°E / -37.858; 176.98 (Whale Island) Pleistocene
Whakamuru - - - -
Whakatane volcano -980 -3200 36°48′S 177°30′E / 36.8°S 177.5°E / -36.8; 177.5 (Whakatane volcano) -

Elsewhere[edit]

Name Elevation Location Last eruption
metres feet Coordinates
Auckland Volcanic Field 260 853 36°54′S 174°52′E / 36.90°S 174.87°E / -36.90; 174.87 (Auckland Volcanic Field) 1350
Bombay Hills - - - 500,000 years ago
Gannet Island - - - 500,000 years ago
Little Barrier Island 722 2360 - 1.5 million years ago
Kaikohe-Bay of Islands volcanic field 388 1273 35°18′S 173°54′E / 35.30°S 173.90°E / -35.30; 173.90 (Kaikohe) 400 ± 300 years
Kaitake - - - 500,000 years ago
Karioi 756 2480 37°30′S 174°29′E / 37.50°S 174.49°E / -37.50; 174.49 (Karioi) 2.4 million years ago
Manukau volcano 474 1555 - 16 million years ago
Maungatautari 797 2615 - -
Mount Pirongia 962 3156 - -
Paritutu and the Sugar Loaf Islands 153 - - 1.7 million years ago[4]
Poor Knights Islands - - - 4 million years ago
Pouakai - - - 240,000 years ago
Rangitoto Island (part of the Auckland Volcanic Field) 260 853 36°47′13″S 174°51′29″E / 36.78694°S 174.85806°E / -36.78694; 174.85806 (Rangitoto Island) 1350
Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont 2518 8261 39°18′S 174°06′E / 39.3°S 174.1°E / -39.3; 174.1 (Mount Taranaki) 1755
Whangarei volcanic field 397 1302 35°45′S 174°16′E / 35.75°S 174.27°E / -35.75; 174.27 (Whangarei) -

South Island[edit]

meters feet Coordinates
Akaroa Volcano - - 43°48′S 172°57′E / 43.800°S 172.950°E / -43.800; 172.950 (Akaroa) Miocene
Lyttelton Volcano 919 3010 43°36′S 172°43′E / 43.600°S 172.717°E / -43.600; 172.717 (Lyttelton Harbour) Miocene
Mount Horrible (near Timaru) - - 44°23′S 171°3′E / 44.383°S 171.050°E / -44.383; 171.050 (Mount Horrible) 2 million years ago [5]
Otago Volcano 680 2218 45°49′S 170°39′E / 45.817°S 170.650°E / -45.817; 170.650 (Otago Harbour) c. 10 million years ago [6]

Other[edit]

Name Elevation Location Last eruption
meters feet Coordinates
Antipodes Islands 402 1319 49°41′S 178°46′E / 49.68°S 178.77°E / -49.68; 178.77 (Antipodes Islands) Holocene
Auckland Island 650 1981 50°41′S 166°05′E / 50.69°S 166.08°E / -50.69; 166.08 (Auckland Island) Miocene[7]
Pitt Island 241 791 44°11′S 176°08′W / 44.18°S 176.13°W / -44.18; -176.13 (Pitt Island) Ancient[vague]
Mount Dick (Adams Island)[8] 705 2313 50°52′28″S 166°4′55″E / 50.87444°S 166.08194°E / -50.87444; 166.08194 -
Solander Islands 330 1080 46°34′S 166°53′E / 46.567°S 166.883°E / -46.567; 166.883 (Solander Islands) Pleistocene

Ross Dependency[edit]

New Zealand also has de facto administration over Ross Dependency in Antarctica, which contains the following volcanoes:

Name Elevation Location Last eruption
meters feet Coordinates
Brown Peak 1500 5000 67°24′S 164°50′E / 67.40°S 164.83°E / -67.40; 164.83 (Brown Peak) 2001
Buckle Island 1239 4065 66°48′S 163°15′E / 66.80°S 163.25°E / -66.80; 163.25 (Buckle Island) 1899
Mount Erebus 3794 12448 77°32′S 167°17′E / 77.533°S 167.283°E / -77.533; 167.283 (Mount Erebus) 2008 (continuing)
Young Island 1340 4396 66°25′S 162°27′E / 66.42°S 162.45°E / -66.42; 162.45 (Young Island) -

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b John H. Latter, Edwards F. Lloyd, Ian E.M. Smith, and Simon Nathan. () New Zealand's volcanoes: Kermadec Islands. Volcanic Hazards Working Group, Civil Defence Scientific Advisory Committee.
  2. ^ "Okataina: Eruptive History". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0401-05%3D%26volpage%3Derupt.
  3. ^ Nairn, I.A.; Beanland, S. (1989). "Geological setting of the 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake, New Zealand". New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 32: 1–13. doi:10.1080/00288306.1989.10421383. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Price, R. C; R. B. Stewart; J. D. Woodhead; I. E. M. Smith (1999). "Petrogenesis of High-K Arc Magmas: Evidence from Egmont Volcano, North Island, New Zealand". Journal of Petrology 40 (1): 167–197. doi:10.1093/petrology/40.1.167. 
  5. ^ Wilson, John (2009). "South Canterbury region – Landscape and geology". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  6. ^ Bishop, D.G., and Turnbull, I.M. (compilers) (1996). Geology of the Dunedin Area. Lower Hutt, NZ: Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences. ISBN 0-478-09521-X.
  7. ^ Google Books
  8. ^ Auckland Islands. Polar Conservation Organisation.

External links[edit]