Macauley Island

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Macauley Island
Macauley Island.PNG
View from the north-east, 2003
LocationMacauleyIsland.PNG
Geography
Location South Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 30°14S, 178°26W
Archipelago Kermadec Islands
Area 3.06 km2 (1.18 sq mi)
Length 2.5 km (1.55 mi)
Width 1.8 km (1.12 mi)
Highest elevation 238 m (781 ft)
Highest point Mount Haszard
Country
New Zealand
Demographics
Population Uninhabited
Additional information
Nature Reserve

Macauley Island is a volcanic island in New Zealand's Kermadec Islands, approximately halfway between New Zealand's North Island and Tonga in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its co-ordinates are 30°14′S 178°26′W / 30.233°S 178.433°W / -30.233; -178.433Coordinates: 30°14′S 178°26′W / 30.233°S 178.433°W / -30.233; -178.433

Macauley Island is 3.06 km2 (1.181 sq mi) in area, including neighbouring Haszard Island, which is 220 m (722 ft) to the east and about 5 ha (12 acres) in area. Macauley's highest point is 238 m (781 ft) Mount Haszard, and it forms part of the rim of a caldera centred 8 km (5 mi) to the north-west, atop a large submarine volcano. The volcano's last eruption was in 4360 BC ± 200 years.

History[edit]

Lieutenant John Watts, RN was the first European to visit Macauley and Curtis Islands — which he named after patrons George Mackenzie Macaulay, a London merchant and Alderman, and William Curtis — on the Lady Penrhyn in the late 1788.[1] The Lady Penryn had delivered convicts to New South Wales as part of the First Fleet and was proceeding to Macao.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The island is a breeding site for large numbers of Black-winged and White-necked Petrels. Other seabirds recorded as breeding there include Grey Noddies, Sooty Terns, Masked Boobies, Red-tailed Tropicbirds, Wedge-tailed Shearwaters, Kermadec Little Shearwaters, Kermadec Petrels and Kermadec Storm-petrels. The island also holds a population of the Kermadec Red-crowned Parakeet. Former populations of goats and Kiore have been eradicated.[2] The island forms part of the Kermadec Islands Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because it is an important site for nesting seabirds.[3]

Conservation[edit]

The original forest cover of the island had been burnt off and goats were introduced as food for shipwreck survivors. The goats were eradicated by the New Zealand Wildlife Service in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In order to protect the island's wildlife, Macauley is managed as a nature reserve by the New Zealand Department of Conservation (DOC). In 2006, DOC used aerial drops of poison bait in order to remove introduced rats.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alderman Macaulay 1750-1803, The Worshipful Company of Bowyers, retrieved 2012-02-23 
  2. ^ Greene et al. (2004).
  3. ^ BirdLife International. (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kermadec Islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2012-02-03.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]