|Born||November 25, 1909
Ping Island, Jin County, Fengtian, China
|Died||March 25, 1983
Dalian, Liaoning, China
|Occupation||Sprinter, later in his career an athletics coach, an physical education teacher and a sports administrator|
|Known for||The first athlete to represent China at the Olympic Games|
Liu Changchun (simplified Chinese: 刘长春; traditional Chinese: 劉長春; pinyin: Liú Chángchūn; Wade–Giles: Liu Ch'ang-Ch'un; listed in official Olympic records as "Liu, Cheng-Chun"; born 1909 on Ping Island, Jin County, Fengtian, China (now Wafangdian, Dalian, Liaoning Province), died February 21, 1983 in Dalian, China) was a Chinese sprinter. Liu was the first athlete to represent China in competition at an Olympic Games. He was the sole competitor from the Republic of China at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles; four years later he again represented the Republic of China at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. He was also an athletics coach and physical education teacher and a sports administrator.
1932 Summer Olympics
Due to the Sino-Japanese War, the Kuomintang of the Republic of China decided to abstain from attending the Games of the X Olympiad (1932 Summer Olympic Games) in Los Angeles.The Japanese puppet state in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia, Manchukuo, announced that two athletes, Liu Chang-chun and Yu Xi-wei would represent Manchukuo in the 1932 Summer Olympics through the de facto government-controlled newspaper. In May 1932, Liu proclaimed that as a Chinese person, he would never represent the puppet state of Manchukuo in the Olympic Games in Ta Kung Pao, a Chinese newspaper. Liu refused to represent Manchukuo, and instead decided to represent China. Liu found it difficult to participate in the 1932 Summer Olympic Games as the Kuomintang refused to finance his journey. General Zhang Xueliang (Chang Hsüeh-liang) provided 8,000 Silver Dollars (Yin-yuan) to Liu which made it possible for him to compete in the 1932 Summer Olympic Games.
On the July 31, 1932, Liu attended the 100m preliminaries, and he was assigned to group 2, which had 6 athletes. Liu wrote about the race in his diary: "The winner ran faster than me about 4 yards at the end, his time was 10.9 sec. I was the fourth runner-up, the time was about 11 sec. In this competition, I got ahead before 60m, however, other competitors overtook me after 80m. I cannot get a better result due to exhaustion from a month-long journey to U.S., and lack of exercise during the journey." Liu registered for the Men's 100m, 200m, and 400m; however, he did not compete in the Men's 400m due to exhaustion. Liu failed to qualify for the Finals of the Men's 100m and 200m. After the games, he left Los Angeles on August 21, and arrived in Shanghai on September 16.
Teaching and Sports Administration Career
- Northeastern University (simplified Chinese: 东北大学; traditional Chinese: 東北大學; http://www.neu.edu.cn/files/english_index.htm),
- Beijing Normal University (simplified Chinese: 北京师范大学; traditional Chinese: 北京師範大學; http://www.bnu.edu.cn/eng/),
- Northeastern Chung-Cheng University (simplified Chinese: 东北中正大学; traditional Chinese: 東北中正大學), and
- Dalian University of Technology (simplified Chinese: 大连理工大学; traditional Chinese: 大連理工大學; http://www.dlut.edu.cn/en/).
As a sports administrator, Liu served in many capacities:
- In 1964 Liu was elected as a Member of the Fourth Committee of the All-China Sports Federation (simplified Chinese: 中华全国体育总会; traditional Chinese: 中華全國體育總會 http://www.sport.org.cn/), and later became a permanent committee member of the sports federation.
- In 1978 Liu served as Member of the Fifth Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
- Liu was vice chairman of the Chinese Olympic Committee (http://en.olympic.cn/china/index.html).
Liu is the author of the books Track and Field Instructional Methodology (simplified Chinese: 《田径指导法》; traditional Chinese: 《田徑指導法》) and Track and Field Judging Methodology (simplified Chinese: 《田径裁判法》; traditional Chinese: 《田徑裁判法》).
Liu's wishes for the future of sports in China
According to Liu's son, hot tears welled up in Liu's eyes when the Chinese women's team won the Volleyball World Cup in 1981. He had two wishes: He wished that the Chinese would win a gold medal, the Chinese national flag would fly, and the national anthem of China would be played at an Olympic Games. His second wish was that China would host the Olympic Games. He died in 1983, just a year before China won its first Olympic Gold Medal, during the course of the 1984 Summer Olympics, China won not only one but 15 gold medals. His second wish was fulfilled 25 years after his death when China hosted the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
Liu's life became a subject of a film entitled The One Man Olympics. The film was released in 2008.
- Republic of China at the 1932 Summer Olympics
- Republic of China at the 1936 Summer Olympics
- Yang Chuan-Kwang, recognized by both the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China as the first Chinese Olympic medalist, represented the Republic of China at the 1960 Summer Olympics and won the silver medal in the decathlon
- The Games of the Xth Olympiad, Los Angeles, 1932: Official Report, The Xth Olympiade Committee of the Games of Los Angeles, U.S.A. 1932 Ltd., 1933.
- http://www.la84foundation.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1932/1932s.pdf, retrieved on 2008-08-18
- "The first Chinese to step into the Olympic arena—Liu Changchun", 「第一個踏上奧運賽場的中國人─劉長春」, Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee (http://www.tpenoc.net/), publication and copyright dates unknown.
- "The avant-garde of Chinese physical education—Liu Changchun", 「中華體育先驅─劉長春」, Dialian University of Technology, 2003.
- http://tyg.dlut.edu.cn/mingren/lcc.htm, retrieved on 2008-08-18
- Liu Changchun Gymnasium, Dalian University of Technology.
- http://tyg.dlut.edu.cn/english/, retrieved on 2008-08-18
- "The first Chinese Olympic medalist—Yang Chuan Kwang", 「中國人第一面奧運獎牌得主─楊傳廣」, Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee, publication and copyright dates unknown.
- "The first Chinese on the Olympic medal podium, Yang Chuan-Kwang wins the silver medal in the decathlon", 「中國人首登奧運領獎臺 楊傳廣十項全能獲銀牌」, Chinese Athletic Association, publication and copyright dates unknown.
- http://athletic.sport.org.cn/dynamic/2007-12-07/149308.html, retrieved on 2008-08-20