Livarot

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Livarot
The church in Livarot
The church in Livarot
Coat of arms of Livarot
Coat of arms
Livarot is located in France
Livarot
Livarot
Coordinates: 49°00′27″N 0°09′12″E / 49.0075°N 0.1533°E / 49.0075; 0.1533Coordinates: 49°00′27″N 0°09′12″E / 49.0075°N 0.1533°E / 49.0075; 0.1533
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Lisieux
Canton Livarot
Intercommunality Pays de Livarot
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Sébastien Leclerc
Area1 12.09 km2 (4.67 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 2,309
 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14371 / 14140
Elevation 52–184 m (171–604 ft)
(avg. 64 m or 210 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Livarot is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.

The population is composed of 2,183 inhabitants[note 1] and the name of its inhabitants is Livarotais.

The town is home to many companies of renowned such as the Georges Leroy factory, Graindorge cheese manufacturing which produces Livarot, among others. The commune gave its name to its cheese; Livarot cheese. The La Fermière (CCLF) calvados cider is also produced in the commune.

Geography[edit]

Livarot is situated at the junction of the D4 and D579 roads. The nearest city is Caen, approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the north-west.

Toponymy[edit]

The place is attested late in the form Livarrot in 1155,[citation needed] and Livar(r)ou in 1156 or 1157.[citation needed]

The etymological explanation of this place name has no unanimity among toponymists:

  • Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, based on a false attestation of Livaron from 1137 (form and date wrong), described it as "obscure", while evoking a derivision of ivos, an assumed Gallic word designating if, and declaring it unlikely.[citation needed] They perhaps resume in these previous assumptions. In reality, the term *ivos or *īvos is not attested and should include an asterisk.
  • Ernest Nègre (fr), reasoning from this same erroneous form, considered that it might be from the Germanic name Liubwar, which is followed by the suffix -o /-onem[citation needed] and that the final would be modified by attraction of names in -ot. However, François de Beaurepaire notes that a Germanic name is never used with this suffix.[citation needed]
  • Dominique Fournier refuted Livaron (cacography attributed to Albert Dauzat, and badly dated) and based it on the actual form Livar(r)ou, stemming from the Chronicle of Robert of Torigni, to advance the hypothesis of a Gallo-Roman person named Libarius followed by the suffix of Gallic origin -avo which explains most of the words ending in -ou of Normandy.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Battle of Normandy[edit]

On 17 July 1944, the pharmacist and Mayor of Livarot, brought first aid to Rommel[citation needed] following the strafing of his car by an Allied aircraft, not far away, between the villages of Sainte-Foy-de-Montgommery and Vimoutiers. He was then evacuated, the same day, to the German military hospital in Bernay.

Livarot was liberated on 19 August. Following Operation Paddle, the British 7th Armoured Division was on the banks of the Vie (fr).[citation needed] The division then faced a strong resistance by the 272nd Division of the German infantry, but also suffered losses to friendly fire from Allied aircraft.[citation needed] On 19 August, British artillery heavily bombed the area. The British arrived to seize a bridge, which hadn't been destroyed, across the river to Saint-Michel-de-Livet,[citation needed] north of Livarot. The French Resistance then learned that the Germans had abandoned Livarot and that the first British soldiers had entered the same day.[citation needed]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Livarot
Of Azure on a chief party at 1. Lozenges argent and gules and 2. Bendlet gules and or with a crosier of or over all, to an escutcheon of argent with lion of gules crowned or and over the crosier, between two fleurs-de-lis also of or.



Politics and administration[edit]

List of mayors
Start End Name Party Other details
1850 Alfred de Neuville[1]
1919 1938 Georges Bisson Cheese maker
September 1998 March 2008 Jeannine Louis School principal
March 2008[2] In progress Sébastien Leclerc UMP Managing director, general counsel

The municipal council is composed of 23 members, including the mayor and six assistants.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

In 2012, the municipality had 2,183 inhabitants. Since 2004, censuses in municipalities of less than 10,000 inhabitants are held every five years (in 2008, 2013, 2018, etc. for Livarot)[citation needed] and legal municipal population are estimations in other years.[note 2] Livarot counted 2,654 inhabitants in 1975.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,033 —    
1800 996 −3.6%
1806 1,066 +7.0%
1821 662 −37.9%
1831 1,162 +75.5%
1836 1,215 +4.6%
1841 1,291 +6.3%
1846 1,376 +6.6%
1851 1,464 +6.4%
Year Pop. ±%
1856 1,576 +7.7%
1861 1,386 −12.1%
1866 1,499 +8.2%
1872 1,557 +3.9%
1876 1,761 +13.1%
1881 1,842 +4.6%
1886 1,823 −1.0%
1891 1,851 +1.5%
1896 1,763 −4.8%
Year Pop. ±%
1901 1,813 +2.8%
1906 2,080 +14.7%
1911 2,281 +9.7%
1921 2,266 −0.7%
1926 2,147 −5.3%
1931 2,193 +2.1%
1936 2,255 +2.8%
1946 2,434 +7.9%
1954 2,391 −1.8%
Year Pop. ±%
1962 2,494 +4.3%
1969 2,535 +1.6%
1975 2,654 +4.7%
1982 2,538 −4.4%
1990 2,469 −2.7%
1999 2,516 +1.9%
2006 2,356 −6.4%
2008 2,309 −2.0%
2012 2,183 −5.5%
From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years following: municipal population.
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999[citation needed] and INSEE from 2004[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Places and monuments[edit]

  • Former Leroy factory (fr) (1841), included in the title of the historic monuments.[citation needed]
  • The Church of Saint-Ouen from the 15th century, and very reworked. The gallery of the 19th century organ is classified as an historic monument object.[citation needed]
  • The old Bisson cheesemakery (1902), converted into a Museum of the workshops of iron art.
  • The L'Isle Manor (1912), former property of the Bisson.
  • The Graindorge cheesmakery, burned in 1999 and rebuilt in 2001.
  • Vestiges of an ancient castle which was owned by Charles the Bad, King of Navarre.
  • The menhir of the Pierre Tournante (fr).

Activity and events[edit]

Twinning[edit]

Sports[edit]

The Étoile Sportive Livarotaise [Livarotaise Sports Star] evolved two football teams in district divisions (fr).[citation needed]

The cycling section of the club has trained many riders such as father and son François and Romain Lemarchand,[citation needed] and also Fabien Taillefer (fr). Stage 7 of the 2015 Tour de France is also planned to start in Livarot.

Events[edit]

The Livarot Cheese Fair is held every year in August.

Personalities linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Municipal population (fr) 2012.
  2. ^ In the table of censuses, by convention in Wikipedia, the principle has been retained for legal populations after 1999 to display in the table of censuses those populations corresponding to the year 2006, the first published legal population calculated in accordance with the concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years corresponding to an exhaustive census investigation of communes under 10,000 inhabitants, as well as the last legal population published by Insee.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuaire du département du calvados, année 1850, p.357.
  2. ^ "Livarot :Sébastien Leclerc". ouest-france.fr. Ouest-France. 

External links[edit]