Live looping is the recording and playback of a piece of music in real-time  using either dedicated hardware devices, called loopers or phrase samplers, or software running on a computer with an audio interface. Many musicians do not consider the use of loopers to be consistent with the concept of "live" music due to the fact that a listener is hearing sounds that are recorded. Sometimes a looper can be producing a majority of the sound that a listener hears. Therefore, the very idea of "live looping" is an oxymoron. Often the piece of music is repeated several times and added to or embellished with each repeat. In the early days of looping, before hardware loopers were available, musicians would create loops with tape recorders.
In a 2012-13 poll of 1000 singers, 11% stated that they used live looping while 51% did not know what live looping was. Artists known for their use or advocacy of the technique include Dub FX, MC Xander, Jacob Moon Amy X Neuburg Beardyman Kimbra, KT Tunstall, Kid Beyond and David Torn.
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