Locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway

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Locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Locomotive Works were originally at Miles Platting, Manchester. From 1889 they were at Horwich.

Constituent companies[edit]

The L&YR came into being in 1847 when the Manchester and Leeds Railway changed its name. Locomotives added to its stock before that date came from the:

As the L&YR, locomotives were taken into stock from the:

The Miles Platting era[edit]

William Jenkins (Indoor) 1845–1867 & William Hurst (Outdoor) 1846–1854[edit]

Although Jenkins was the Locomotive Superintendent the early years of this period saw Hawkshaw specifying the locomotives. As Hawkshaw was not a locomotive engineer the resultant locomotives were not of the best and were hopelessly outdated long before they were withdrawn. Hurst left to join the North British Railway in 1854 and Jenkins continued on his own.

No. of
1st built
Type Quantity Manufacturer Date Driving
wheel
diameter
Notes
54 0-4-0 37 Wm. Fairbairn (22)
Edward Bury (15)
1847–49 4 ft 9 in Between 10 and 13 rebuilt as 0-4-2
53 2-2-2 43 L&YR Miles Platting (26)
Wm. Fairbairn (17)
1847–49 5 ft 9 in Almost all (69) rebuilt 1867-72 as 2-4-0
62 2-2-2 10 L&YR Miles Platting (6)
Wm. Fairbairn (4)
1847–49 5 ft 6 in
112 2-2-2 29 Bury, Curtis & Kennedy 1849 5 ft 10 in
202 0-6-0 2 E. B. Wilson & Co. 1849 4 ft 9 in
163 0-4-2 35 L&YR Miles Platting (26)
Wm. Fairbairn (9)
1849–70 4 ft 9 in Two rebuilt in 1869 as 0-6-0
217 0-6-0 12 L&YR Miles Platting 1854–55 5 ft 0 in
141 0-6-0 149 L&YR Miles Platting 1855–70 4 ft 10 in Between 1878 and 1887 34 were rebuilt as 0-6-0ST, 18 as 0-6-2T and 3 as 0-4-4T
119 0-6-0ST 11 L&YR Miles Platting 1855–67 4 ft 0 in
130 0-6-0ST 26 L&YR Miles Platting 1856–71 5 ft 0 in
286 2-4-0 22 L&YR Miles Platting 1861–67 5 ft 9 in

William Yates (Indoor) 1868–1875 & William Hurst (Outdoor) 1868–1875[edit]

Following the death of Jenkins responsibility passed to Yates as Indoor Superintendent and Hurst returned as the Outdoor Superintendent. Hurst retired in 1875 and Yates resigned. A disastrous fire at the Miles Platting works in 1873 led to the building of the new Horwich Works.

The official system of numbered classes was not introduced until 1919, therefore classes are listed here according to the number of the first locomotive built.

No. of
1st built
Type Quantity Manufacturer Date Notes
4 2-4-0 23 L&YR Miles Platting (23) 1870–75 6 ft 0 in wheels, 16×24-in cylinders
2-4-0 4 ELR Bury works (4) 1873
456 2-4-0 10 LNWR Crewe 1873 LNWR Newton Class
63 2-4-0 10 L&YR Miles Platting 1875–76 6 ft 0 in wheels, 17×24-in cylinders
103 2-4-0 1 L&YR Miles Platting 1875 5 ft 6 in wheels, 16×24-in cylinders
90 0-6-0 62 L&YR Miles Platting (62) 1869–72
0-6-0 10 Kitson & Co. (10) 1871
0-6-0 12 Yorkshire Engine Co. (12) 1875
413 0-6-0 86 LNWR Crewe 1871–74 LNWR “DX” Class
23 2-4-0ST 1 L&YR Miles Platting 1868
32 2-4-0ST 25 L&YR Miles Platting 1868–74
403 0-4-0ST 5 LNWR Crewe 1872
216 0-6-0ST 45 L&YR Miles Platting 1868–75 4 ft 0 in wheels
191 0-6-0ST 6 L&YR Miles Platting 1873–74 5 ft 0 in wheels
161 0-6-0ST 23 L&YR Miles Platting 1872–78 4 ft 6 in wheels

The Horwich era[edit]

Note: The class numbers below are those introduced by Hughes in 1919. Each can cover several similar varieties, e.g. all the non-superheated 0-8-0s are Class 30

William Barton Wright (1875–1886)[edit]

During this period the Horwich Works was under construction and apart from a few built at Miles Platting, engines came from outside manufacturers.

No. of 1st built Type Quantity Manufacturer Date LYR Class LMS Class LMS nos. Notes
605 0-4-2 8 Sharp, Stewart & Co. 1876 GNR class F2 diverted to L&YR
629 4-4-0 18 Sharp, Stewart & Co. (18) 1880–81
4-4-0 30 Neilson & Co. (30) 1883–84
4-4-0 20 Kitson & Co. (20) 1885
4-4-0 20 Vulcan Foundry (20) 1886
209 4-4-0 16 Vulcan Foundry 1887 2 1P 10100–10101
111 0-4-4T 12 Kitson & Co. (12) 1877–78
0-4-4T 10 Dübs & Co. (10) 1878
0-4-4T 10 Neilson & Co. (10) 1879
0-4-4T 40 Sharp, Stewart & Co. (40) 1885–86
789 0-4-0ST 4 Manning, Wardle & Co. 1882
883 0-4-0ST 2 Black, Hawthorn & Co. 1885
885 0-4-0ST 1 Kitson & Co. 1885
72 0-6-0ST 8 L&YR Miles Platting 1877 Similar to Yates "161" class but with 4 ft 0 in wheels
141 0-6-2T 8 Kitson & Co. 1880–81 22 1F 11600–11601
243 0-6-2T 14 Kitson & Co. (14) 1881 22 1F 11602–11606
0-6-2T 40 Dübs & Co. (40) 1882–83 22 1F 11607–11621
528 0-6-0 57 Kitson & Co. (57) 1876–80 All converted to Class 23 saddle tanks (below)
0-6-0 18 Sharp, Stewart & Co. (18) 1877 All converted to Class 23 saddle tanks (below)
0-6-0 40 L&YR Miles Platting (40) 1878–81 All converted to Class 23 saddle tanks (below)
0-6-0 45 Vulcan Foundry (45) 1880–83 All converted to Class 23 saddle tanks (below)
0-6-0 50 Beyer, Peacock & Co. (50) 1881–82 All converted to Class 23 saddle tanks (below)
0-6-0 20 Kitson & Co. (20) 1885 All converted to Class 23 saddle tanks (below)
928 0-6-0 20 Vulcan Foundry (20) 1887 25 2F 12015–12034
0-6-0 30 Beyer, Peacock & Co. (30) 1887 25 2F 12035–12064

John Audley Frederick Aspinall (1886–1899)[edit]

From 1889 Horwich Works was completed and from that time all engines were constructed there.

No. of 1st built Type Quantity Manufacturer Date LYR Class LMS Class LMS nos. Notes
978 4-4-0 30 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1888–89 2 (Aspinall) 1P 10102–10130
1093 4-4-0 40 Horwich Works 1891–94 3 2P 10150–10183 6 rebuilt with Superheater to become Class 4. One engine spent some time as a 4-cylinder compound. First 20 reused tenders from converted "568" class engines.
1400 4-4-2 40 Horwich Works 1899–1902 7 2P 10300–10339 First 20 reused tenders from converted "568" class engines.
1008 2-4-2T 270 Horwich Works 1889–1901 5 2P 10621–10869 26 rebuilt with Superheater to become Class 6
916 0-4-0ST 3 Vulcan Foundry 1886 21 11200
1153 0-4-0ST 57 Horwich Works 1891–1910 21 11201–11257
Dot 0-4-0WT 8 Beyer, Peacock & Co. (3)
Horwich Works (5)
1887-1901 18-inch gauge, for use at Horwich Works.
0-6-0ST 230 Horwich Works 1891–1900 23 2F 11303–11532 Rebuilds of "528" class tender engines
11 0-6-0 448 Horwich Works 1889–1918 27 2F 12083–12467 Many reused tenders from rebuilt "528" class engines.
63 rebuilt with Superheater to become Class 28
1351 0-6-0T 20 Horwich Works 1897 24 2F 11533–11546
91 0-8-0 110 Horwich Works 1900–08 30 5F 12700–12759 Small boiler, 50 later rebuilt (see below)

Henry Albert Hoy (1899–1904)[edit]

No. of 1st built Type Quantity Manufacturer Date LYR Class LMS Class LMS nos. Notes
202 2-6-2T 20 Horwich Works 1903–04 26 3F 11700–11716
392 0-8-0 21 1903 30 First was experimental rebuild of "91" class, rest new, all with corrugated cylindrical steel firebox.
All rebuilt by Hughes (below).

George Hughes (1904–1922)[edit]

No. of 1st built Type Quantity Manufacturer Date LYR Class LMS Class LMS nos. Notes
4-4-0 6 1908–09 4 3P 10190–10195 Superheated. Rebuilds of Class 3
1506 4-6-0 20 Horwich Works 1908–09 8 3P 10400–10404 4-Cylinder, 15 rebuilt with superheaters (see below)
1522 4-6-0 70 Horwich Works 1920–24 8 5P 10405–10474 Superheated, 15 were rebuilds.
1 0-2-2T 2 Kerr, Stuart & Co. 1905 Railmotor locos. Withdrawn 1909 and replaced by following class.
3 0-4-0T 18 Horwich & Newton Heath Works 1906–11 1 10600–10617 Railmotor locos
816 2-4-2T 40 Horwich Works 1905–10 5 2P 10870–10899 Belpaire firebox, 18 later superheated to become Class 6
18 2-4-2T 64 Horwich Works 1911 6 3P 10900–10954 Belpaire & Superheated, 44 were rebuilds of Class 5
1501 0-8-2T 5 Horwich Works 1908 32 6F 11800–11804 [1]
898 0-6-0 22 Horwich Works 1906–09 28 3F 12515–12536 Superheated
657 0-6-0 20 Horwich Works 1912 28 3F 12537–12556 Belpaire & Superheated
0-6-0 63 1913-22 28 4F 12557–12619 Belpaire & Superheated, rebuilds of Class 27
1452 0-8-0 11 1906–07 30 (Hughes compound) 5F 12760–12770 4-cylinder compound; first was rebuild, rest new
9 0-8-0 73 Horwich Works 1910–18 30 (Hughes) 6F 12771–12839 Large saturated boiler, with Belpaire firebox. 33 were rebuilds, 40 new. 4 later rebuilt with superheaters as Class 31.
1546 0-8-0 15 1912–21 31 7F 12840–12994 [2] Superheated Belpaire boiler. 115 were new builds, others were rebuilds of Class 30 0-8-0s.
(1684) 4-6-4T 10 1924 (none) 5P 11110–11119 Superheated. L&YR design introduced after grouping.
1629 2-8-0 27 Kitson & Co. (1)
R. Stephenson & Co. (5)
Nasmyth, Wilson & Co. (2)
North British Loco. Co. (19)
1919 [3] Robinson ROD 2-8-0 type. Hired from the government in November 1919, but transferred to GWR and LNWR March–June 1920. No L&YR numbers allocated
1 1-AA-1 1 Horwich Works 1912 [4]Electric locomotive
2 B 1 Horwich Works 1917 [3] Battery-Electric

Notes on L&Y classes[edit]

The "number only" classes are those introduced by George Hughes in 1919 and shown in the L&YR working timetable appendix of 1921.[5] There is also a series of unofficial "letter and number" classes which was devised by the author R. W. Rush, and which has been copied by some other authors.[6]

Picture gallery[edit]

Preservation[edit]

Eight locomotives survive, these being:

Image Class Type L&Y No. LMS No. BR No. Manufacturer Serial Number Date Notes
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway 0-4-0ST locomotive WREN.jpg
Dot 0-4-0ST Wren Wren Wren Beyer, Peacock & Co. 2825 1887 18-inch gauge Horwich Works shunter; static display, National Railway Museum, York
Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway No. 957.jpg
25 0-6-0 957 12044 52044 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 2840 1887 Owned by 957 Bowers Trust, awaiting overhaul, last used on Keighley and Worth Valley Railway in January 2013
Hugh llewelyn 1008 (6684209005).jpg
5 2-4-2T 1008 10621 50621 Horwich Works 1 1889 Static display, National Railway Museum, York
27 class 1300 at Buckley Wells.jpg
27 0-6-0 1300 12322 52322 Horwich Works 420 1895 In regular use on preserved railways since 2009
LYR Aspinall 0-6-0ST No. 752 Rainhill 1980.jpg
23 0-6-0ST 752 11456 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1989 1881 Rebuilt as saddle tank in 1896; sold to coal industry 1937; owned by Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Trust, restoration well advanced at Keighley and Worth Valley Railway.
Pug 68 at Ingrow during a Worth Valley event in 2004.jpg
21 0-4-0ST 68 11218 51218 Horwich Works 811 1901 First preserved loco to arrive at Keighley and Worth Valley Railway in 1965, owned by Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Trust, awaiting restoration at Keighley and Worth Valley Railway.
The "Lancy Pug" - geograph.org.uk - 2194985.jpg
21 0-4-0ST 19 11243 Horwich Works 1097 1910 Sold by LMS to private industry, now owned by Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Trust, on display at Ribble Steam Railway.
0-4-0PM 1 Motor Rail Petrol mechanical shunter no. 1

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baxter 1982, p. 99.
  2. ^ Baxter 1982, pp. 96–99.
  3. ^ a b Baxter 1982, p. 100.
  4. ^ Baxter 1982, pp. 99–100.
  5. ^ Marshall 1972, p. 273.
  6. ^ "Railway Archive Issues 11 to 20". Steamindex.com. Retrieved 2012-04-14. 
  • Baxter, Bertram (1982). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 3B: Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway and its constituent companies. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. ISBN 0-903485-85-0. 
  • Marshall, John (1972). "Appendix 2: Hughes' Classification of Engines, Introduced 1919". The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, volume 3. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5320-9.