Loosdorf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Loosdorf
Coat of arms of Loosdorf
Coat of arms
Loosdorf is located in Austria
Loosdorf
Loosdorf
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°12′N 15°24′E / 48.200°N 15.400°E / 48.200; 15.400Coordinates: 48°12′N 15°24′E / 48.200°N 15.400°E / 48.200; 15.400
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Melk
Government
 • Mayor Josef Jahrmann
Area
 • Total 11.91 km2 (4.60 sq mi)
Elevation 234 m (768 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 3,803
 • Density 320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3382
Area code 02754
Website www.loosdorf.at

Loosdorf is a little town in the district of Melk in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. One of its historical buildings is the Hohe Schule (translation: the high school), the first school in Central Europe with a written curriculum, founded in 1574 by the Austrian nobleman Hans Wilhelm von Losenstein (translated: "John William of Losenstein"), the lord of the nearby castle Schallaburg. It served as a Lutheran school from about 1574 until 1627.

Another historical building is the Ledóchowska house, where a.o. blessed Maria Teresia Ledóchowska and Julia, the later Roman Catholic saint Ursula Ledóchowska, were born and where they lived until 1874.

Loosdorf at the end of the 16th century[edit]

The former grammar school ("Hohe Schule")

Around 1574 Hans Wilhem of Losenstein, who lived on the nearby castle Schallaburg, opened a school in Loosdorf, called 'die Hohe Schule' ('the High School'). It started as a private school, esp. for the children of the Lutheran nobility.

In 1578 Hans Wilhelm von Losenstein, bought agricultural land in Loosdorf and the right to lend out agricultural parcels and to govern Loosdorf.

In 1584 Loosdorf got the right to organize a market.

In 1588 Loosdorf got the right to organize a weekly market, so it got the status of market town (Marktgemeinde).

In 1590 emperor Rudolf II, who was also the archduke of Austria, granted Loosdorf the right of having a municipal coat of arms. The left side is red and has a silver diagonal stripe in the middle. The right side is blue and has a standing gold colored panther that is carrying a torch (see above).

In 1592 the school "Hohe Schule" turned into a public school. In 1627 the school had to close.

Railway station since 1858[edit]

In 1858 Loosdorf got a railway station on the line Salzburg-Vienna. Loosdorf then counted about 900 inhabitants.

The Ledóchowska house in Loosdorf from 1862[edit]

In 1843 the Austrian Polish count Antoni August Halka Ledóchowski, a brother of the later Archbishop and Cardinal Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, acquired the estate Sitzenthal near Loosdorf. He was married to Countess Seilern and they had three sons, Timothy, Anthony, and Casimir. After the early death of his first wife, he married Countess Josephine Salis-Zizers.

The house where the Ledóchowski family lived from 1862 until 1874

In 1862 Anthoni Halka Ledóchowski built a manor house in Loosdorf, where he moved, together with his family.[2] In 1863 Mary Theresa was born in this house. Then followed Julia (later as nun called Ursula), then Wlodimir, Mary, Ernestine, Frances and Ignatius. Two others died soon after their birth.[3]

Due to the bank crash of 1873, Antoni Halka Ledóchowski lost most of his capital, so in 1874 he sold his house in Loosdorf and moved to St. Pölten. Julia and Mary Theresa attended the Institute B.M.V.,[4] then a grammar school for girls run by nuns of the congregation founded by Mary Ward. In April 1882 Count Antoni Halka Ledóchowski acquired an estate in Lipnica in Lower Poland, about 48 km from Cracow. Mary Theresa conducted the renovation and enlargement of the manor house, and in 1883 the family moved there.[5]

In 1883 Julia Halka Ledóchowska became an Ursuline nun in Cracow and after a year she got the name Ursula. She became a missonary in Russia and Scandinavia. She founded the Congregation of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, also called the Grey Ursulines, because of their grey habits. Her brother Wlodimir Halka Ledóchowski was the 26th general of the Jesuits. Mary Theresa founded the Soladity of Saint Peter Claver,[6] that acted against slavery in Africa. Ignatius became a general in the Polish army. In 1975 Mary Theresa was beatified by Pope Paul VI. In 1983 Ursula Halka Ledóchowska was beatified too by Pope John Paul II. In 2003 Ursula Halka Ledóchowska was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint by Pope John Paul II.

In 1883 the Ledóchowska House came into the property of the Counts of Montecuccoli. It changed hands several times. From 1928 until 1938 it belonged to the Chamber of Agriculture of Lower Austria, that organized an agricultural winter school in the building. Finally the Soladity of Saint Peter Claver of Salzburg, that was founded by Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, acquired the house.[7]

Fauna[edit]

One of the last remaining unrestrained rivers in Austria, River Pielach flows through Loosdorf. The meandering river is home to a multitude of wildlife and the rare Huchen, the Danube salmon.

Industry[edit]

Ytong has its Austrian manufacturing in Loosdorf.

Born in Loosdorf[edit]

  • Ursula Ledóchowska (1865–1939), a Roman Catholic saint
  • Maria Teresia Ledóchowska (1863–1922), a Roman Catholic missionary
  • Wladimir Ledóchowski (1868–1942), the 26th general of the Jesuits (from 1915 until 1942)
  • Ignacy Kazimierz Ledóchowski (1871–1945), a Polish general
  • Hans (von) Hammerstein-Equord (1881–1947), Austrian politician and writer

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2013-01-01.
  2. ^ {ge} Gerhard Floßmann, "Loosdorf -Ansichten", Loosdorf 1999, p. 59
  3. ^ Valeria Bielak, "THE SERVANT OF GOD - MARY THERESA COUNTESS LEDÓCHOWSKA - Foundress of the Soladity of Saint Peter Claver", published by the Soladity of St. Peter Claver, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 2nd ed. 1944, p.4
  4. ^ IBMV stands for 'Institutum Beatae Mariae Virginis', in English it is called IBMV, 'the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary'. That was the name of the Institute since 1749. In German it is called 'Institut B.M.V. der Englischen Fräulein'. Since 2004 it is called Institute CJ (Congregatio Jesu).
  5. ^ Valeria Bielak, "THE SERVANT OF GOD - MARY THERESA COUNTESS LEDÓCHOWSKA - Foundress of the Soladity of Saint Peter Claver", published by the Soladity of St. Peter Claver, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 2nd ed., 1944, p.13-14
  6. ^ called after Saint Peter Claver
  7. ^ Dr. Gerhard Floßmann, "Loosdorf - Ansichten", 1999, p. 59
The church of Loosdorf
The town hall of Loosdorf