The camp's earthworks cover an area of approximately 10 acres (4 hectares) and are visible today as a low bank and ditch encircling the main camp. The banks were most probably once a single high rampart, used for defence and the appearance of the ditch suggests it was once very wide and deep in places.
The camp lies on one of the highest points in the surrounding area, on a ridge of high ground, likely to have once been strategic. It is speculated that the camp was used by the Trinovantes in defence against the Catuvellauni. Its elevation suggests that the camp was possibly once a lookout post. However, it may have simply been used as fortification for protection of cattle. A stone Iron Age grain millstone (quern) was found close by. More colourfully, local legend has it that Boudica used the Camp, and that Ambresbury Banks was the site of her defeat in AD61 however there is no evidence to corroborate this.
The South Western edge of the camp falls away sharply to an area known as Kate's Cellar (a hermit who reputedly once lived in this area of the forest). An early 19th Century map shows Dick Turpin's hideout here (there are a number of locations which within Epping Forest's 6,000 acres (24 km2) which claim the same).
- City of London – Epping Forest[dead link]
- Epping Forest District Council – Museum. Eppingforestdc.gov.uk (2008-02-27). Retrieved on 2011-08-28.
-  City of London – Ancient Forst / Iron Age Camps
- B H Cowper ''Ancient Earthworks in Epping Forest'' The Archaeological Journal Volume 33 (1876). Archive.org (2001-03-10). Retrieved on 2011-08-28.
- City of London Protect Ancient Trees. cityoflondon.gov.uk. 8 June 2006
- Images of Epping Forest including Loughton Camp
- Location of Loughton Camp within Epping Forest – map image
- Detailed plan of Loughton Camp, Essex Field Club, 1882