|Date of birth||10 February 1983|
|Place of birth||Suceava, Romania|
|Height||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)|
|Playing position||Centre back|
|2006||→ Ceahlăul (loan)||13||(1)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 12 November 2014.
† Appearances (Goals).
Born in Suceava, Romania, Goian is the younger brother of Rangers defender Dorin Goian. He started his career beside his brother, at Foresta Suceava. He followed in his brother's footsteps, joining Ceahlăul Piatra Neamţ, but then Dorin arrived in 2005 at Steaua Bucureşti, and Lucian joined their greatest rivals, Dinamo. He signed for Dinamo, after scoring against Steaua, when he played for Ceahlăul. He played for five seasons with Dinamo, with a break for a year when he returned at Ceahlăul. He also played 6 matches in the UEFA Cup for Dinamo.
In January 2012, he moved to China, putting pen on paper with Tianjin Teda. He made his official debut for Tianjin on 25 February, in a 2-1 CFA Super Cup defeat against Guangzhou Evergrande. He was released by Tianjin at the end of 2012 season.
He is the younger brother of the Romanian international Dorin Goian.
- "Goian întăreşte apărarea!". FC Astra. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Lucian Goian: I signed for two years with FC Astra!". GSP TV. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
- "Tianjin Teda team has progressed to the Romanian defender signings". sports.enorth.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
- "新赛季八喜内外援基本确定". Beijing Baxy. Retrieved 2013-02-18.