MINT is an acronym referring to the economies of Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Turkey. The term was originally coined by Fidelity Investments, a Boston-based asset management firm, and was popularized by Jim O'Neill of Goldman Sachs, who had created the term BRIC. The term is primarily used in the economic and financial spheres as well as in academia. Its usage has grown specially in the investment sector, where it is used to refer to the bonds issued by these governments. These four countries are also part of the "Next Eleven".
In a column for Bloomberg View a few years after Fidelity coined the term, O'Neill discussed the "MINT" economies:
I spent last week in Indonesia, working on a series for BBC Radio about four of the world’s most populous non-BRIC emerging economies. The BRIC countries -- Brazil, Russia, India and China -- are already closely watched. The group I’m studying for this project -- let’s call them the MINT economies -- deserve no less attention. Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey all have very favorable demographics for at least the next 20 years, and their economic prospects are interesting.
Policy makers and thinkers in the MINT countries have often asked me why I left them out of that first classification. Indonesians made the point with particular force. Over the years I’ve become accustomed to being told that the BRIC countries should have been the BRIICs all along, or maybe even the BIICs. Wasn’t Indonesia’s economic potential more compelling than Russia’s? Despite the size of its relatively young population (a tremendous asset), I thought it unlikely that Indonesia would do enough on the economic-policy front to quickly realize that potential.
Now, meeting a diverse group of Indonesians — from the leading candidates for the 2014 presidential elections to shoppers in Jakarta’s busy malls — I found a healthy preoccupation with the country’s economic prospects."Could Indonesia do what’s needed to lift the country’s growth rate to 7 percent or more, they were asking, or would it have to settle for 'just' 5 percent?
|GDP per capita (PPP)
|GDP per capita (nominal)
|Mexico||118,337,000||$1,845 billion||$1,327 billion||$15,607||$11,224||$370.9 billion||$370.8 billion||$741.7 billion||0.775|
|Indonesia||237,641,000||$1,285 billion||$867.5 billion||$5,181||$3,498||$187.0 billion||$178.5 billion||$365.5 billion||0.629|
|Nigeria||174,507,539||$1,018 billion||$522.6 billion||$5,863||$3,010||$141.1 billion||$52.26 billion||$193.36 billion||0.471 |
|Turkey||73,723,000||$1,167 billion||$821.8 billion||$15,263||$10,744||$163.4 billion||$228.9 billion||$392.3 billion||0.722|
Due to Mexico's rapidly advancing infrastructure, increasing middle class and rapidly declining poverty rates it is expected to have a higher GDP per capita than all but three European economies of 2014, by 2050, this new found local wealth also contributes to the nation's economy by creating a large domestic consumer market which in turn creates more jobs.
With its large population, Indonesia will be ranked seventh in GDP by 2050 according to Jim O'Neill about BRIC and other prominent countries. Indonesia has a mixed economy in which both the private sector and government play significant roles. The country is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and a member of the G-20 major economies. Indonesia's estimated nominal GDP as of 2012 was US$928.274 billion with estimated nominal per capita GDP was US$3,797, and per capita GDP PPP was US$4,943 (international dollars). June 2011: At World Economic Forum on East Asia, Indonesian president said Indonesia will be in the top ten countries with the strongest economy within the next decade.
Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India, and the United States and the world's third most populous democratic country after India and the United States. In 2009, BRIC and Indonesia represented about 42 and 3 percent of the world's population respectively and about 15 percent of global GDP altogether. All of them are G20 countries. By 2015, Internet users in BRIC and Indonesia will double to 1.2 billion. At 2009, Indonesia was the only member of the G20 to lower its public debt-to-GDP ratio – a positive economic management indicator.
Nigeria is a middle-income mixed economy and emerging market with expanding financial, service, communications, and entertainment sectors. It is ranked 26th (40th in 2005, 52nd in 2000), in the world in terms of Gross Domestic Product at purchasing power parity as of 2014, and largest within Africa, on track to become one of the 20 largest economies in the world by 2020. Its re-emergent, though currently under-performing, manufacturing sector is the third-largest on the continent, and produces a large proportion of goods and services for the West African region.
Turkey's economy grew at 10.3% last year, faster than China, and was the third-fastest growing economy in the world. Economic growth came mainly from construction, rather than exports like China and Russia. Construction alone makes up 6% of the Turkish economy, but if one counts the various industries related to construction (steel, timber, energy used and purchased) construction and the related industries made up some 30% of the economy. Turkey also has a very large domestic consumption base, and some three major auto companies. In 2011 Turkey had the world's 15th largest GDP-PPP and 18th largest nominal GDP. By 2050 this nominal GDP is set to grow to $4.45 trillion to become the 14th largest nominal GDP in the world. The country is a founding member of the OECD (1961) and the G-20 major economies (1999). Since December 31, 1995, it has been part of the EU Customs Union. Mean wages were $8.71 per man-hour in 2009. Turkey grew at an average rate of 7.5 percent between 2002 and 2006, faster than any other OECD country.
According to a survey by Forbes magazine, Istanbul, Turkey's financial capital, had a total of 28 billionaires as of March 2010 (down from 34 in 2008), ranking fourth in the world behind New York City (60 billionaires), Moscow (50 billionaires), and London (32 billionaires). In 2012, Istanbul was ranked fifth in the world with 30 billionaires, behind Moscow (78 billionaires), New York City (57 billionaires), London (39 billionaires), and Hong Kong (38 billionaires). Turkey's major cities and its Aegean coastline attract millions of visitors every year.
- The Pacific Pumas
- VISTA (economics)
- E7 (countries)
- Emerging power
- Emerging and growth-leading economies
- Four Asian Tigers
- G-20 major economies
- Next Eleven
- Tiger Cub Economies
- Centre for Rising Powers, University of Cambridge
- Wright, Chris (6 January 2014). "After The BRICS Are The MINTs, But Can You Make Any Money From Them?". forbes.com. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- Fraser, Ian (May 10, 2011). "Fidelity is confident its MINTs won't suck". Bloomsbury Information QFINANCE. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- BOESLER, MATTHEW (Nov 13, 2013). "The Economist Who Invented The BRICs Just Invented A Whole New Group Of Countries: The MINTs". Business Insider. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- Magalhaes, Luciana (Dec 9, 2013). "O’Neill, Man Who Coined ‘BRICs,’ Still Likes BRICs, But Likes MINTs, Too". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- World bank, Goldman Sachs
- Internet users in BRIC countries set to double by 2015
- Thu, 2 Sep 2010. "South Asia Hello". Archive.wn.com. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- "Indonesia’s economy continues to surprise". East Asia Forum. 2010-09-25. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- The World Bank: World Development Indicators Database. Gross Domestic Product 2011, PPP. Last revised on 18 September 2012.
- The World Bank: World Development Indicators Database. Gross Domestic Product 2011. Last revised on 18 September 2012.
- BBC News Magazine: The MINT countries: Next Economic Giants? Last revised on 6th January 2013
- Forbes: The World's Top 10 Billionaire Cities in 2008
- Forbes Billionaires List, Cost Of Living in Forbes Magazine article "Billionaires List, Cost Of Living". March 29, 2010.
- Forbes: Moscow beats New York, London in the list of Billionaire Cities
- Forbes: Top 10 billionaire cities in 2012: Istanbul
- Developed Countries, CIA World Factbook.
- Mauro F. Guillén (2003). "Multinationals, Ideology, and Organized Labor". The Limits of Convergence. Princeton University Press. pp. 126 (Table 5.1). ISBN 0-691-11633-4.
- David Waugh (2000). "Manufacturing industries (chapter 19), World development (chapter 22)". Geography, An Integrated Approach (3rd ed.). Nelson Thornes Ltd. pp. 563, 576–579, 633, and 640. ISBN 0-17-444706-X.
- N. Gregory Mankiw (2007). Principles of Economics (4th ed.). ISBN 0-324-22472-9.