Mahalangur Himal

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Mahalangur Himal
Chomolonzo Peak, Kangshung Glacier, Tibet.jpg
Chomolonzo Peak, Tibet
Highest point
Peak Everest
Elevation 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
Coordinates 27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.92528
Length 80 km (50 mi) ESE
Width 65 km (40 mi) NNE
Area 5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Native name महालङ्गूर हिमाल
Countries Nepal and Tibet
Districts Solukhumbu District, Sankhuwasabha district and Tingri County
Range coordinates 27°55′N 86°45′E / 27.92°N 86.75°E / 27.92; 86.75Coordinates: 27°55′N 86°45′E / 27.92°N 86.75°E / 27.92; 86.75
Borders on Nangpa La to Arun River

Mahālangūr Himāl (Nepali: महालङ्गूर हिमाल) is a section of the Himalaya in northeast Nepal and south-central Tibet extending east from the pass Nangpa La between Rolwaling Himal and Cho Oyu, to the Arun River.[1] It includes Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu — four of Earth's six highest peaks. On the Tibetan side it is drained by Rongbuk and Kangshung Glaciers and on the Nepali side by Barun, Ngojumba and Khumbu Glaciers and others. All are tributaries to the Kosi River via Arun River on the north and east or Dudh Kosi on the south.

Mahalangur Himal can be divided into three subsections:

  • Makālu (Nepali: मकालु) nearest the Arun River and along the Nepal-Tibet border including Makalu 8463m, Chomo Lonzo 7790m south of the Kama valley in Tibet, Kangchungtse or Makalu II 7678m, Peak 7199 and some ten others over 6000 meters.
  • Barun (Nepali: बरुण) inside Nepal and south of the Makālu section. It includes Chamlang 7319m and Chamlang East 7235m, Peak 7316, Baruntse 7129m, Ama Dablam 6812m and about 17 others over 6000 meters.
  • Khumbu (Nepali: खुम्बु) along the international border west of the Makalu section, Including the Everest massif: Everest 8848m, Lhotse 8516m, Nuptse 7855m and Changtse 7580m. West of Everest are Pumori 7161m and Cho Oyu 8201m plus some 20 others over 7000 meters and 36 over 6000 meters.[2]

Khumbu is the best known populated part of the Mahalangurs since it is on the access trail to the normal (South Col) route up Everest.


  1. ^ H. Adams Carter (1985). "Classification of the Himalaya". American Alpine Journal (American Alpine Club) 27 (59): 116–120. Retrieved May 1, 2011. 
  2. ^ "H. Adams Carter, 1985, op. cit.".