Malichus II ( Arabic : مالك, Malik ) ruled Nabatea from 40 to 70.
According to some scholars, during his reign, Nabataean power decreased and it lost control of Damascus while others state the evidence that Nabataeans formally controlled Damascus in the 34 to 40 period is very weak to nonexistent. with Gerd Lüdemann stating "that control never existed" for the 37 to 39 period  and Peter Alpass stating "it seems unlikely that the Romans would be willing to cede control of such important centre to the Nabataean king." and that Paul's reference to an ethnarch was to "the official in control of a Nabataean community in Damascus, and not the city as a whole."
The Romans had diverted the routes of spice and perfume cargo shipments to Egypt. Rome was very powerful, so Malichus cooperated. In 66, a Jewish revolt occurred in Iudaea. Malichus sent 5,000 cavalry and 1,000 infantry to help Titus crush the rebellion.
- Riesner, Rainer (1998) Paul's Early Period Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1998 pg 81-82
- Gerd Ludemann (2002) Paul: The Founder of Christianity pg 38
- Alpass, Peter (2013) The Religious Life of Nabataea BRILL pg 175
- Jane Taylor: Petra And the Lost Kingdom of the Nabataeans. I. B. Tauris 2001, ISBN 1860645089, p. 73 (online copy, p. 73, at Google Books)
- Maria Giulia Amadasi, Eugenia Equini Schneider: Petra. University of Chicago Press 2002, ISBN 0226311252, p. 40, 94, 166, 168, 170 (online copy, p. 168, at Google Books)
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