Manerba del Garda

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Manerba del Garda
Comune
Comune di Manerba del Garda
Manerba del Garda (rocca di manerba-to-south).jpg
Coat of arms of Manerba del Garda
Coat of arms
Manerba del Garda is located in Italy
Manerba del Garda
Manerba del Garda
Location of Manerba del Garda in Italy
Coordinates: 45°33′N 10°33′E / 45.550°N 10.550°E / 45.550; 10.550
Country Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Brescia (BS)
Frazioni Balbiana, Crociale, Gardoncino, Montinelle, Pieve Vecchia, Solarolo
Government
 • Mayor Isidoro Bertini
Area
 • Total 28 km2 (11 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (430 ft)
Population (31 December 2011)[1]
 • Total 5,141
 • Density 180/km2 (480/sq mi)
Demonym Manerbesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 25080
Dialing code 0365
Patron saint Assumption of Mary
Saint day August 15
Website Official website

Manerba del Garda is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy. It is located at the southwest side of the Lake Garda.

It is bounded by the comunes of San Felice del Benaco, Puegnago sul Garda, Moniga del Garda, Polpenazze del Garda and Soiano del Lago.

History[edit]

Cliff of Manerba.
Bay of Manerba with San Biagio Island well known as the Rabbits Island.

Manerba was founded, according to the legend, in devotion to the goddess Minerva. Other historians trace the name to the Gauls Cenomani, stemming from the union of the terms mon, leader, and erb, a military zone, idetifying Manerba as residence of the chief of the tribe. A charter of Frederick II dating from 1 November 1221 mentions the territory surrounding the ancient Church of Manerba as Tenense, whence its current name, Valtenesi.[2]

The presence of man in the Garda area goes back to prehistoric times: in the Manerba area are remains of a Mesolithic village, while under natural terrace located in the foothills of the Rocca (castle) are traces of a Neolithic settlement from between 4,500 and 4,000 BC, and an important necropolis dating from the Copper Age.[3]

The Valtenesi saw the construction of several castles starting from the 13th century AD, some of which erected on the ruins of Roman forts. The tower of the castle in the center of Manerba represents the convergence point of a radial pattern that connects the towers of all the municipalities around. This is the oldest castle in the Valtenesi, built in the 12th/13th centuries on the ruins of a medieval fortress and of a settlement dating to the Iron Age, and is firmly anchored on the Manerba cliffs hanging over the southern basin of Lake Garda.[4]

Main sights[edit]

Manerba is home to several prehistoric pile-dwellings (or stilt house) settlements that are part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps UNESCO World Heritage Site.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ISTAT
  2. ^ [1] Manerba turistic site.
  3. ^ [2] Manerba turistic site.
  4. ^ [3] Manerba turistic site.
  5. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps