Margaret B. Laird
|Margaret B. Laird|
|Died||November 29, 1968
Neptune Township, New Jersey
|Occupation||New Jersey Legislature; nurse|
|Known for||women's suffrage|
|Spouse(s)||Reginald M. Laird|
Margaret Brydon Laird (1871 - November 29, 1968) was a leader in the women's suffrage movement in New Jersey. She was one of the first two women to serve in the New Jersey Legislature, elected in 1920 as a Republican.
Laird trained as a nurse in Newark, New Jersey, graduating from Newark City Hospital (now The University Hospital) in 1895. She married Reginald M. Laird, a druggist from Newark, and they had two children.
Laird became actively involved in women's suffrage organizations. She served as vice president of the Women's Political Union, chair of the Newark chapter of the National Woman Suffrage Association, state treasurer of the National Women's Party, and organizer of the Newark Women's Republican Club. She campaigned for the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, which secured women's suffrage in 1920.
In 1920, Laird was one of two women, along with Jennie C. Van Ness, designated by the Essex County Republican Party to run on the twelve-person slate for the New Jersey General Assembly. Laird and Van Ness won, and became the first two women to serve in the state legislature. Also elected on the Essex County slate was Walter G. Alexander, the first African American to serve in the legislature.
Laird served two terms in the Assembly. She was active in establishing the state's juvenile court law, and she supported legislation for equal salaries for women employed by the state government. She declined to run for a third term because of the Assembly's late hours.
- Feldman, Harriet R. and Sandra Lewenson. Nurses in the Political Arena (2000), p. 45.
- "Mrs. Laird, 97, First Woman In Jersey Legislature, Dead", The New York Times, December 1, 1968.
- "Women Candidates", The New York Times, November 21, 1920.
- Gordon, Felice D. After Winning: The Legacy of the New Jersey Suffragists, 1920-1947 (1986), p. 36.