Margravine Philippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Philippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel
PhilippineSchwedtKassel.jpg
Philippine Auguste in 1775.
Spouse Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Full name
German: Philippine Auguste Amalie
House House of Hohenzollern (by birth)
House of Hesse-Kassel (by marriage)
Father Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Mother Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Born (1745-10-10)10 October 1745
Schwedt
Died 1 May 1800(1800-05-01) (aged 54)
Berlin

Margravine Philippine Auguste Amalie of Brandenburg-Schwedt (10 October 1745 – 1 May 1800) was a daughter of Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia.[1] By her marriage to Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, she became Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel.

Family[edit]

Philippine was one of five children born to Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt and his wife Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia. Her siblings included Friederike Dorothea, Duchess of Württemberg and Elisabeth Louise, Princess of Prussia.

Her paternal grandparents were Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau.

Her maternal grandparents were Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.

Marriage[edit]

Philippine was very early on chosen by her aunt, Queen Louisa Ulrika of Sweden, as the future queen of Sweden; her mother was the queen's favourite, and Louisa Ulrika wished Philippine to marry her son, Gustav (later Gustav III of Sweden).[2] These plans were broken however when Gustav was married to Sophia Magdalena of Denmark in 1766. Louisa Ulrika then wanted Philippine to marry her younger son, Charles, but instead, Gustav decided that his brother should marry Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp.[2]

On 10 January 1773, Philippine married Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, who was 25 years older, in Berlin.[1] She was his second wife; his first wife, Princess Mary of Great Britain, died the previous year. Philippine thus became stepmother to Frederick's three surviving sons: William, Charles, and Frederick. Philippine would not produce any legitimate children herself however.

During her marriage, Philippine led a widely independent life, even setting up her own court. In 1777, she gave birth to an illegitimate son, by the statesman Georg Ernst Levin von Wintzingerode. She also helped reconcile her husband with his children from his first marriage, from whom he had been estranged since 1754.

Frederick died on 31 October 1785. Philippine died on 1 May 1800.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Three places, all established in 1778 and incorporated into Wolfhagen in 1971, are named after Philippine:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Philippine Charlotte Prinzessin von Brandenburg-Schwedt". Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Olof Jägerskiöld: Lovisa Ulrika, drottning av Sverige (in Swedish)(Louisa Ulrika, queen of Sweden) (in Swedish) (1945)
Margravine Philippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 5 March 1723 Died: 14 January 1772
German royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Mary of Great Britain
Landgravine consort of Hesse-Kassel
10 January 1773 – 31 October 1785
Succeeded by
Wilhelmina Caroline of Denmark