|Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights|
August 10, 2009 – February 4, 2013
|Preceded by||Paula Dobriansky|
|Born||La Paz, Bolivia|
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Joseph T. Eldridge|
|Alma mater||University of Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
|Portfolio||Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights|
Maria Otero was the first holder of the office of The Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights from January 15, 2012 through February 4, 2013. The position is a newly created office which oversees U.S. foreign policy as it's concerned a group of eight bureaus and offices: The Bureaus of Conflict and Stabilization Operations; Democracy, Human Rights and Labor; International Narcotics and Law Enforcement; Population, Refugees and Migration; and Counter-terrorism; as well as the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons; Office of Global Criminal Justice; and Office of Global Youth Issues. She also served as the President’s Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues.
Otero was born in La Paz, Bolivia, on August 8, 1950 and moved to the United States at the age of 12 when her father was one of the founding officers of the Inter-American Development Bank. Her uncle was Jaime Otero Calderon, a Bolivian statesman.
She received a B.A. from the University of Maryland and also an M.A. in literature from that university; she also holds an M.A. in international relations from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), at the Johns Hopkins University. Since 1997, she has served as an adjunct professor at SAIS.
Otero was the Economist for Latin America for the Women in Development office of USAID. She also served for five years at the Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA). She joined ACCION International in 1986 and was appointed president and CEO in 2000 replacing Michael Chu. In this position, she was a pioneer in microfinance working in 25 countries. She published on the subject and spoke throughout the world on microfinance, women’s issues and poverty alleviation. She is co-editor with Elisabeth Holmes Rhyne of the 1994 book The New World of Microenterprise Finance : Building Healthy Financial Institutions for the Poor 
She then returned to government service as Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs from August 10, 2009 through 2011, the precursor to the expanded responsibilities as Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights.
Otero’s awards include selection by Newsweek in October 2005 as one of the United States’ 20 most influential women; Hispanic Business Magazine’s ‘Elite Women of 2007’; Notre Dame University’s Distinguished Service in Latin America Award; and the Ellis Island Medal of Honor. She has received an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Dartmouth College.
In June 2006, she was appointed to the UN Advisors Group on Inclusive Financial Sectors. She served on the board of the U.S. Institute of Peace, a position to which she was originally appointed by President Bill Clinton. She has chaired the board of Bread for the World, and also served on the boards of the Calvert Foundation, Public Welfare Foundation, the Inter-American Foundation and BRAC in Bangladesh. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Otero is currently the highest ranking Hispanic official at the State Department, and the first Latina Under Secretary in its history.
- "Cuban National Reconciliation: Task Force on Memory, Truth and Justice". Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- "Library of Congress Identities"
- Fox News Latino October 18, 2012 Fox
- Duscha, Melissa (2008-05-13). "MICROCAPITAL STORY: ACCION International President, Maria Otero, Awarded Ellis Island Medal of Honor for Pioneering Work in Microfinance". Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Washington Post, Washington Post Politics
- "Maria Otero". WhoRunsGov.Com. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Media related to Maria Otero at Wikimedia Commons