|Mario Pani Darqui|
Rectoría of the National University of Mexico
March 29, 1911|
Mexico City, Mexico
|Died||February 23, 1993
Mexico City, Mexico
|Alma mater||École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, National Autonomous University of Mexico|
|Notable work(s)||University City of the UNAM, Mexico, Unidad Habitacional Nonoalco-Tlatelolco|
|Awards||National Prize for Arts and Sciences (Mexico) (1986)|
Mario Pani Darqui (Mexico City; March 29, 1911 - Ibidem; February 23, 1993) was a famous Mexican architect and urbanist. He was one of the most active urbanists under the Mexican Miracle, and gave form to a good part of the urban appearance of Mexico City, with emblematic buildings, (nowadays characteristic of Mexico City), such as the main campus of the UNAM, the Unidad Habitacional Nonoalco-Tlatelolco, (following Le Corbusier's urban principles), the Normal School of Teachers (Mexico), the National Conservatory of Music and other big housing projects called "Multifamiliares".
Mario Pani studied architecture in France and Mexico, and later on he would found the National College of Architects (Mexico) in 1946.
In 1938 he founded the architecture journal, "Arquitectura Mexico", (Architecture, Mexico), to bruit the Mexican architecture, and was published from 1938 to 1979. He introduced the international style in Mexico, and was the first promoter of big housing Tower block projects. Pani was a great innovator of the urban design of Mexico City, and was involved in the construction of some of its newer parts, developing or participating in the more ambitious and important city-developing plans of the 20th century in Mexico, like Ciudad Satélite (along with Domingo Garcia Ramos and Jose Luis Cuevas), Tlatelolco, the Juárez and Miguel Alemán tower blocks, and the condominium in Paseo de la Reforma, the first of its type in Mexico.
His son Knut is a well-known artist.
Major buildings and projects
- Escuela Nacional de Maestros (Mexico City, 1945)
- National Conservatory of Music of Mexico (Mexico City, 1946)
- Secretaria de Recursos Hidráulicos (Mexico City, 1946, actually Embassy Suites)
- Centro Urbano Presidente Alemán (Mexico City, 1949)
- Centro Urbano Presidente Juárez (Mexico City, 1950, more than 50% destroyed after the 1985 Earthquake)
- Ciudad Universitaria of the UNAM (1950-1953) based on main plan designed by then student Teodoro Gonzalez de Leon
- Ciudad Satélite (1956-1952)
- Torre Insignia (Mexico City, 1962)
- Unidad Habitacional Nonoalco-Tlatelolco (Mexico City, 1964, severely damaged after the 1985 Earthquake)
- Apartment Building in Reforma Ave. (Mexico City, 1956)
- 1986: National Prize for Arts and Sciences "fine arts"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mario Pani Darqui.|
- Mario Pani. La construcción de la modernidad/ Miquel Adrià (Ediciones G.Gilli, S.A. de C.V.-CONACULTA, México, 2005)
- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wh_gUpATJ3s&feature=related, (Con los ojos de Mario Pani I (With Mario Pani's eyes part I). In Spanish)