Marselan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marselan
Grape (Vitis)
Marselan.jpg
Marselan grapes
Color of berry skin Noir
Species Vitis vinifera
Origin France
Notable regions Languedoc, California, China

Marselan is a red French wine grape variety that is a cross between Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache. It was first bred in 1961 by Paul Truel near the French town of Marseillan.[1] The vine is grown mostly in the Languedoc wine region with some plantings in the Northern Coast of California. The grape usually produces a medium body red wine.[2]

Along with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, Marselan is one of the grapes planted in the Sino-French Demonstration Vineyard, a collaboration project between the Chinese and French government intended to generate interest in grape winemaking in China by demonstrating French grapes and winemaking techniques.[3][4][5]

History[edit]

Marselan was bred by French ampelographer Paul Truel in 1961 at the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) as part of a collaboration with the École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers (ENSAM) to produce high yielding varieties with large berries of moderate quality. As Marselan could only produce small berries, the vine variety was shelved and considered not likely to be commercially released.[4]

But viticulture trends in the late 20th century that begun to value lower yielding varieties with good disease resistance to hazards like powdery mildew encouraged the INRA to revisit Marselan. The vine was submitted for approval for commercial release and was entered in the official register of grape varieties in 1990.[4]

Marselan is named after the Hérault commune Marseillan where the INRA vineyard collection at Domaine de Vassal is located.

In 2007, the name "Marselan" was approved by the U.S. Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) for use on wine labels imported to the United States, meaning that varietal version of the wine that are labeled as such can be sold on the US market.[2]

The name "Marselan" is taken from the French coastal town of Marseillan located between Béziers and Montpellier where the phylloxera-safe vine collection of Domaine de Vassal is located. Operated by the INRA, Domaine de Vassal provided Marselan's parent Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache vines which Truel used in his breeding.[4]

Viticulture[edit]

Marselan tends to produce large clusters of small berries that are mid-late ripening. It has strong disease resistance to botrytis bunch rot and powdery mildew as well as to coulure and mites.[4]

Wine regions[edit]

As of 2009, there were 3,351 acres (1,356 hectares) of Marselan planted in France, mostly in the Languedoc and southern Rhône Valley.[4] It is mainly used in blends though some varietal examples have been produced in the Languedoc with the first varietal Marselan being produced in 2002 in Carcassone.[2]

The first Marselan vines were planted in Spain in 1990 in the Catalonia region across the Pyrénées from the Languedoc-Roussillon region. Today it can be in the Penedès and Terra Alta regions.[4]

Cabernet Sauvignon, one of the parent varieties of Marselan.

Outside of Europe, a Bakersfield, California nursery has been selling cuttings of the variety to California wine producers in the North Coast region.[2] In Argentina, Marselan was introduced in 1998 and as of 2008 there were 195 acres (79 hectares) planted mostly in the Mendoza wine region. In 2007, Brazil reported 59 acres (24 hectares) of the vine.[4] The Vignerons de Carthage, in Tunisia, also use Marselan in their blends and even sell a monovarietal wine of Marselan.

A collaboration between the Chinese and French government brought Marselan to China to where it is now planted in the Sino-French Demonstration Vineyard in Huailai County in the northwestern reaches of the Hebei province near a section of the Great Wall.[4] The First Growth Bordeaux wine estate of Château Lafite Rothschild is also growing Marselan in China at their Penglai, Shandong vineyard which they own in partnership with the Chinese investment company CITIC Group.[6]

Styles[edit]

Marselan was bred to combine the finesse and quality of Cabernet Sauvignon to the color potential, heat tolerance and high yielding capabilities of Grenache. The flavor of varietal Marselan has been described by one buyer for US-based K&L Wine Merchants as "not what most Americans expect from Cab[ernet Sauvignon]."[2]

According to Master of wine Jancis Robinson, Marselan tends to produce deeply colored and highly aromatic wines that have supple tannins and the potential to age.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vitis International Variety Catalogue (VIVC) Marselan Accessed: March 18th, 2013
  2. ^ a b c d e L. Alley "New French Wine Grape Arrives in US Market" The Wine Spectator pg 17 Sept. 30, 2007
  3. ^ Calum MacLeod "China stakes claim in wine's past, future" USA Today October 6th, 2006
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pgs 601-602 Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2
  5. ^ Bernice Chan & Marc Checkley "The Gallic wine tradition" China Daily, October 29th, 2007
  6. ^ Nick Stephens "Chateau Lafite Rothschild’s Vineyard in China Grows the Marselan Grape" Bordeaux Undiscovered August 17th, 2012