Mary Miles Minter
|Mary Miles Minter|
April 25, 1902
Shreveport, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||August 4, 1984
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Stroke|
|Other names||Juliet Shelby|
|Spouse(s)||Brandon O. Hildebrandt (m. 1957–65)|
|Parent(s)||Joseph Homer Reilly (1877–1958)
Charlotte Shelby (1877–1957)
|Relatives||Margaret Shelby (1900–1939)|
In 1922, Minter was involved in scandal surrounding the murder of director William Desmond Taylor, for whom she professed her love. Although gossip implicated her mother, former actress Charlotte Shelby, as the murderer, Minter's reputation was tarnished, and she gave up her movie career in 1923.
She was born Juliet Reilly in Shreveport, Louisiana, the youngest of two daughters born to Joseph Homer Reilly (1877–1958) and Lily Pearl Miles (later known as Broadway actress Charlotte Shelby). Her sister was Margaret Reilly, who later became an actress using the name Margaret Shelby.
Stage and film career
At the age of five, she accompanied her sister, Margaret, on an audition because no babysitter was available. She was noticed by the director and given her first part. She began her stage career and was frequently employed afterward, widely noted for both her talent and visual appeal. To avoid child labor laws while the 10-year-old was appearing in a play in Chicago, in 1912, Charlotte Shelby obtained the birth certification of her elder sister's deceased daughter from Louisiana, and Juliet became Mary Miles Minter.
In her screen debut, in which she was billed as Juliet Shelby, she appeared in the 1-reel drama short The Nurse (1912). From there her new stage name was applied and Minter was starred in the role as Viola Drayton, the fairy, in the 5-reel feature length drama The Fairy and the Waif (1915).
Minter's career steadily grew after that. She specialized in playing demure young women. With her photogenic features, blue eyes and curly blonde hair, she emulated and later rivaled Mary Pickford.
Her first movie for director William Desmond Taylor was Anne of Green Gables (1919). It was well received, and Taylor actively promoted Minter as a star. According to Minter, a romantic relationship developed between them. However, Minter (who had grown up fatherless) said Taylor had reservations from the outset and later curtailed the romance, citing the 30-year difference in their ages. Other people who knew Taylor and Minter said he never reciprocated her feelings.
The ensuing scandal, following the Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle scandal of Labor Day weekend 1921, and the subsequent murder trial, was the subject of widespread media speculation and embellishment. Newspapers reported that coded love letters written by Minter had been found in his bungalow after his death (these were later shown to have been written three years earlier, in 1919). Minter was at the height of her success, having starred in more than 50 films, and newspaper revelations of the 20-year-old star's association with the 49-year-old murdered director was cause for a sensational scandal.
There were several suspects (including her mother, Charlotte Shelby) in the long investigation of Taylor's murder. In 1937, Minter publicly announced to the Los Angeles Examiner newspaper, "Now I demand that I either be prosecuted for the murder committed fifteen years ago, or exonerated completely. If the District Attorney has any evidence, he should prosecute. If not, then I should be exonerated... Shadows have been cast upon my reputation." Taylor's murder was never solved.
In a 1970 interview, during which she described Taylor as her "mate," Minter recalled going to view Taylor's body immediately after the murder. In shock, she demanded to be used for a blood transfusion to revive him, not believing he was dead until she touched his body in the morgue: “That deadly cold... convinced me as nothing else could have done. No life can return to this man.” She broke down and sobbed: “They crucified Jesus. Now they’ve crucified... They’ve crucified my mate.”
Later career and retirement
Minter made four more motion pictures for Paramount, with her last being The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1923). When the studio did not renew her contract, she received many other offers but declined them all, saying she had never been happy as an actress.
In late 1922, several months following Taylor's death, Minter became romantically involved for a time with then-news correspondent of Los Angeles and movie critic Louis Sherwin, who had at one time been married to actress Maude Fealy.
In 1925, Minter sued her mother for an accounting of the money Shelby had received for her during her screen career. The case was settled out of court, with the settlement being signed by Minter and Shelby at the American Consulate in Paris, France, on January 24, 1927.
In 1957, Minter and wealthy real estate developer Brandon O. Hildebrandt (1898–1965) were married. They remained married until O'Hildebrandt's death in 1965. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, she was the victim of several robberies at her home in Santa Monica.
Minter commented she was content to live without her Hollywood career. She later reconciled with her mother and proclaimed her love for Taylor throughout her life. Minter's money had been invested in Los Angeles real estate and she seems to have lived in relative comfort and prosperity. She later moved to a house in Santa Monica, California. Her mother, Charlotte Shelby, died at Minter's house in Santa Monica, in 1957.
In 1981, Minter was severely beaten in a burglary at her home in which more than $300,000 worth of antiques, china and jewelry were taken. A former live-in companion and three other people were later charged with attempted murder and burglary. The police described her as a frail old woman and people were often shocked to learn she had once been a famous movie star.
As is common with silent stars, much of Minter's work has been lost; she made over 50 films, approximately a dozen of which are known to exist today. A print of her 1919 movie, The Ghost of Rosy Taylor surfaced in New Zealand in the 1990s. Other known surviving movies include Youth's Endearing Charm (1916), A Dream or Two Ago (1916), Innocence of Lizette (1916), The Eyes of Julia Deep (1918), Nurse Marjorie (1920), A Cumberland Romance (1920) and The Little Clown (1921).
|1912||The Nurse||-||Credited as Juliet Shelby|
|1915||The Fairy and the Waif||Viola Drayton, the Fairy|
|1915||Always in the Way||Dorothy North||Lost film|
|1915||Emmy of Stork's Nest||Emmy Garrett||Lost film|
|1915||Barbara Frietchie||Barbara, Mrs. Frietchie's granddaughter||Lost film|
|1916||Rose of the Alley||Nell Drogan|
|1916||Lovely Mary||Mary Lane||Lost film|
|1916||Youth's Endearing Charm||Mary Wade|
|1916||Dulcie's Adventure||Dulcie||Lost film|
|1916||A Dream or Two Ago||Millicent Hawthorne||Lost film|
|1916||Innocence of Lizette||Lizette||Lost film|
|1917||The Gentle Intruder||Sylvia|
|1917||Environment||Liz Simpkins||Lost film|
|1917||Annie-for-Spite||Annie Johnson||Lost film|
|1917||Melissa of the Hills||Melissa Stark||Lost film|
|1917||Somewhere in America||Rose Dorgan|
|1917||Charity Castle||Charity||Lost film|
|1917||Her Country's Call||Jess Slocum||Lost film|
|1917||Peggy Leads the Way||Peggy Manners|
|1917||The Mate of the Sally Ann||Sally||Lost film|
|1918||Beauty and the Rogue||Roberta Lee||Lost film|
|1918||Powers That Prey||Sylvia Grant||Lost film|
|1918||A Bit of Jade||Phyllis King||Lost film|
|1918||Social Briars||Iris Lee||Lost film|
|1918||The Ghost of Rosy Taylor||Rhoda Eldridge Sayles|
|1918||The Eyes of Julia Deep||Julia Deep|
|1918||Rosemary Climbs the Heights||Rosemary Van Voort|
|1918||Wives and Other Wives||Robin Challoner||Lost film|
|1919||The Amazing Impostor||Joan Hope|
|1919||The Intrusion of Isabel||Isabel Trevor||Lost film|
|1919||A Bachelor's Wife||Mary O'Rourke||Lost film|
|1919||Yvonne from Paris||Yvonne Halbert||Lost film|
|1919||Anne of Green Gables||Anne Shirley||Lost film|
|1920||Judy of Rogue's Harbor||Judy||Lost film|
|1920||Nurse Marjorie||Lady Marjorie Killonan|
|1920||Jenny Be Good||Jenny Riano||Lost film|
|1920||A Cumberland Romance||Easter Hicks|
|1920||Sweet Lavender||Lavender||Lost film|
|1920||Eyes of the Heart||Laura||Lost film|
|1921||All Soul's Eve||Alice Heath/Nora O'Hallahan||Lost film|
|1921||The Little Clown||Pat|
|1921||Don't Call Me Little Girl||Jerry||Lost film|
|1921||Moonlight and Honeysuckle||Judith Baldwin||Lost film|
|1921||Her Winning Way||Ann Annington||Lost film|
|1922||Tillie||Tillie Getz||Lost film|
|1922||The Heart Specialist||Rosalie Beckwith||Lost film|
|1922||South of Suva||Phyllis Latimer||Lost film|
|1922||The Cowboy and the Lady||Jessica Westoon||Lost film|
|1923||Drums of Fate||Carol Dolliver||Lost film|
|1923||The Trail of the Lonesome Pine||June Tolliver||Lost film|
- Louisiana Birth Certificate, Caddo Parish, No. 119, Book A, Page 97, Birth Date: April 25, 1902, Name: Mary M. Reilly [sic-Original Caddo birth record was recorded as "J.H. Riley's Child"], Sex: Female, Place of Birth: Shreveport, Father: J. Homer Reilly [sic-Original Caddo birth record recorded his name as "J.H. Riley"], Born: Texas, Age: 25, Mother: Pearl Miles, Born: Louisiana, Age: 23.
- Social Security Death Index, Name: Mary OHildebrandt, Birth: April 25, 1902, SSN: 564-32-9171, Issued: California, Death: August 1984, Last Address of Record: 90402 (Santa Monica, Los Angeles Co., CA).
- Statement of Mary Miles Minter (LAPD) 7 Feb 1922 (retrieved 28 Aug 2007)
- Los Angeles Examiner (February 3, 1937), reprinted in Taylorology 74.
- 1970 interview of Minter by Charles Higham on YouTube
- 'Miss Minter Reported Engaged', The New York Times (December 6, 1922)
- 'Mother is Sued by Miss Minter', Los Angeles Times (January 30, 1925).
- Los Angeles Examiner (May 29, 1936). The settlement was entered into evidence in a 1936 lawsuit against an investment firm.
- "Memorial Rites for Real Estate Developer Set." Los Angeles Times. Aug. 24, 1965. p. 18.
- "Mary Minter, a Golden Girl Tinged With Scandal, Dies." Los Angeles Times. Aug. 11, 1984. p. A 1.
- California Death Index, Name: Mary OHildebrandt, Birth Date: 04-01 [sic]-1902, Mother's Maiden Name: Miles, Father's Last: Reilly, Sex: Female, Birth Place: Louisiana, Death Place: Los Angeles (19), Death Date: 08-05-1984, SSN: 564-32-9171, Age: 82 yrs.
- Filmmuseum Biënnale "A Dream or Two ago" and "Innocence of Lizette" on the showing programm
- Classic Images Surviving Films of Mary Miles Minter
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mary Miles Minter.|
- Mary Miles Minter at the Internet Broadway Database
- Mary Miles Minter at the Internet Movie Database
- Mary Miles Minter at Virtual History
- Transcript of Minter's interview with the LAPD 5 days after Taylor's body was found.
- Mary Miles Minter - 1970 Interview Excerpt on YouTube
- Mary Miles Minter as a 10-year-old child in the Broadway play The Littleest Rebel (1912)photo #1..photo #2 (Univ. of Washington, Sayre collection)
- Mary Miles Minter at Find a Grave