Matilda of Germany, Countess Palatine of Lotharingia

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Matilda
Mechtila dceraOty2.jpg
Countess Palatine of Lotharingia
Spouse Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lotharingia
Issue Liudolf of Lotharingia
Otto II, Duke of Swabia
Hermann II, Archbishop of Cologne
Theophanu, Abbess of Essen
Richeza, Queen of Poland
Adelheid, Abbess of Nijvel
Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss
Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich
Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria
Ida, Abbess of Cologne
House Ottonian Dynasty
Father Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Theophanu
Born Summer 979
Died November 1025
Brauweiler Abbey
Religion Roman Catholic

Matilda of Germany or Matilde of Saxony (Summer 979 - November 1025, Echtz[1]) was the third daughter of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife, Empress Theophanu.

Life[edit]

Shortly after her birth, Matilda was sent to Essen Abbey, where her older cousin Mathilde was abbess, Matilda was educated here. It was presumed that Matilda would stay in the Abbey and become an Abbess like her older sisters Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg and Sophia I, Abbess of Gandersheim.

However, Matilda lived a different life from her two sisters, she was to marry Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lotharingia. According to the Historian Thietmar of Merseburg Matilda's brother Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor did not like the idea of the marriage at first. The family gave the couple large gifts to secure an adequate standard of living. The Empress Theophanu had consented to the marriage. Ezzo then took Matilda out of the Abbey where she had lived. However, Abbess Mathilde had vainly refused to surrender the girl. Later romantic embellishments even claimed Ezzo had previously been secretly in love with the young Matilda. Ezzo took Matilda from the Abbey to marry her.

Matilda's mother Theophanu had always agreed to the wedding but Matilda's cousin and teacher Abbess Matilde did not agree to the marriage. Without the consent of Matilda's mother the marriage would not happen with certainty, it is even likely that this marriage was to ensure the power of Otto III. The family had extensive estates in the Lower Rhine and Mosel. Ezzo's mother came from the House of Swabia and so Ezzo laid claims to these lands. Matilda received them out of Ottonian possessions and gave them to her husband.

Ezzo and Matilda had married for love and their marriage was very happy. In any case, it was extremely fruitful, with ten children:

Matilda apparently died unexpectedly during a visit to Ezzo's brother Hermann, while Ezzo was held in Aachen, at a meeting of the nobility of Lorraine. Matilda was buried at Brauweiler Abbey.[2]

Matilda was the mother of the famous Richeza of Lotharingia who became Queen of Poland and was later beatified.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ After Schwennicke, European pedigrees Volume I.1 (2005) Plate 10, and Volume I.2 (1999), Plate 201 The identification of Aeccheze with Esch-SauerAs in genealogy-medieval transfer is made, must be false: Matilda died on 4 of the month and was on 7 (Trillmich) buried - the distance between Esch-Sauer and Brauweiler is approximately 180 kilometers, which was not the time to establish, within three days, the exclusion of Düren-Echtz to Brauweiler is 40 kilometers. Echtz also fits better than Esch Sauer to Mathilde's brother Hermann, the count in Zülpichgau. That Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Edward Hlawitschka, Werner Trillmich and Emil Kimpen keep open the point by equating it solely with Aeccheze Esch, but not tell what they think Esch.
  2. ^ GERMANY KINGS, Medieval Lands
This article incorporates information from the revision as of 17 January 2010 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.