Maur, Switzerland

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For other places with the same name, see Maur (disambiguation).
Maur
Maur -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Maur
Canton Zurich
District Uster
47°21′N 8°40′E / 47.350°N 8.667°E / 47.350; 8.667Coordinates: 47°21′N 8°40′E / 47.350°N 8.667°E / 47.350; 8.667
Population 9,700 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 655 /km2 (1,697 /sq mi)
Area 14.78 km2 (5.71 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 478 m (1,568 ft)
Postal code 8124
SFOS number 0195
Surrounded by Egg, Fällanden, Greifensee, Herrliberg, Küsnacht, Mönchaltorf, Uster, Zollikon, Zumikon, Zurich
Website www.maur.ch
SFSO statistics
Maur is located in Switzerland
Maur
Maur

Maur is a municipality in the district of Uster in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Maur is first mentioned between 874-887 as de Mure.[3]

Geography[edit]

Maur castle (1741)

Maur has an area of 14.8 km2 (5.7 sq mi). Of this area, 52.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 20.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In 1996 housing and buildings made up 14.9% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (5.5%).[5] Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0% of the area. As of 2007 17% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[5]

The municipality is located on the south-west shore of the Greifensee. It includes the village of Maur and the settlements of Aesch (Forch), Binz, Ebmatingen and Uessikon.

Demographics[edit]

Maur has a population (as of 2007) of 9,119, of which 17.0% are foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 49.2% male and 50.8% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 10.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (86.4%), with English being second most common ( 3.6%) and French being third ( 2.1%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 36% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (19.8%), the SPS (13.9%) and the CSP (12%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 21.9% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 65.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.5%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Maur about 88.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 3741 households in Maur.[5]

Maur has an unemployment rate of 2.03%. As of 2005, there were 147 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 56 businesses involved in this sector. 389 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 71 businesses in this sector. 1411 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 339 businesses in this sector.[4] As of 2007 48.7% of the working population were employed full-time, and 51.3% were employed part-time.[5]

As of 2008 there were 2206 Catholics and 3997 Protestants in Maur. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 49.1% were some type of Protestant, with 46.1% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 3% belonging to other Protestant churches. 24.1% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 4.7% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3% did not give a religion, and 18.4% were atheist or agnostic.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1798 1,623
1836 2,133
1850 1,965
1900 1,513
1910 1,421
1950 1,577
1970 3,943
2000 8,677

References[edit]

External links[edit]