Mecsek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mecsek
Mecsek magyaro 1.jpg
Some mountains viewed from Máré Castle, near Magyaregregy.
Location Baranya and Tolna counties, Hungary
Territory 500 km²
Highest point Zengő, 682 m (2238 ft)
Terrain Lower mountains
Location of Mecsek (in red) within physical subdivisions of Hungary

Mecsek (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈmɛtʃɛk]; Croatian: Meček, Serbian: Meček or Мечек; German Metscheck) is a mountain range in southern Hungary. It is situated in the Baranya region, in the north of the city of Pécs.

Geography[edit]

The mountains cover an area of approximately 500 km². The highest peak in the mountain range is Zengő (literally translates to 'resonant'), which has an elevation of 682 metres (2238 feet). The Mecsek Hills consist of plateau-like block mountains of a broken, folded structure. Its basis is crystalline rock of variscian origin surmounted by Triassic and Jurassic limestone and dolomite and Tertiary formations that form the main block. The mountains are divided by a structural fault running NW to SE. The eastern part consist mainly of high ridges of sedimentary rock. The west has extensive limestone plateaux and areas dominated by sandstones of the Permian-Triassic period. There are important karst phenomena to be found on the limestone plateaux.[1] Mecsek is rich in minerals (including uranium) compared to other territories of Hungary. The climate is mixed and represents elements of the mediterranean and continental climate. The territory gives home to 20-30 plant species which are unknown in other parts of the Carpathian Basin.

Political and cultural history[edit]

The Mecsek Hills were the scene of pitched battles during the Hungarian Revolution in November 1956 between Hungarian units dubbed "the Mecsek Invisibles" and the invading Soviet forces.

Parts[edit]

Mecsek is divided to two parts:

Settlements[edit]

Abaliget Apátvarasd Bakonya Bános
Berkesd Bodolyabér Bogád Budafa
Cikó Császta Cserkút Egyházbér
Ellend Erdősmecske Erzsébet (village) Fazekasboda
Feked Hidas Hird Hosszúhetény
Husztót Jánosipuszta Kárász Kátoly
Kékesd Kisbattyán Kisbodolya Kishajmás
Kishertelend Kismányok Kisújbánya Kisvaszar
Komló Kovácsszénája Kővágószőlős Kővágótőtős
Lovászhetény Magyaregregy Magyarhertelend Magyarszék
Mánfa Martonfa Máza Mecsekfalu
Mecsekjánosi Mecseknádasd Mecsekpölöske Mecsekrákos
Mecsekszakáll Mecsekszentkút Nagykozár Nagymányok
Nagypall Óbánya Ófalu Orfű
Oroszló Pécs Pécsvárad Pereked
Pusztakisfalu Püspökszentlászló Romonya Szalatnak
Sásd Szászvár Szatina Szellő Szilágy (village)
Tekeres Váralja Vékény Zengővárkony
Zobákpuszta Barátúr

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pierre Jolivet, Jorge Santiago-Blay, Michael Schmitt, Research of chrysomelidae, BRILL, 2009 p. 236 [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°06′N 18°05′E / 46.100°N 18.083°E / 46.100; 18.083