Medak

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Medak
మెదక్
میڈک
Town
The Church of South India Cathedral in Medak
The Church of South India Cathedral in Medak
Medak is located in Telangana
Medak
Medak
Coordinates: 18°02′46″N 78°15′47″E / 18.046°N 78.263°E / 18.046; 78.263Coordinates: 18°02′46″N 78°15′47″E / 18.046°N 78.263°E / 18.046; 78.263
Country India
State Telangana
Region Telangana
District Medak
Elevation 442 m (1,450 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 115,177
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 502110
Telephone code 08452
Vehicle registration TS-15

Medak is a municipality (mandal) in Medak District in the state of Telangana, India. It is 104 km north of Hyderabad.

Geography[edit]

Medak is located at 18°02′N 78°16′E / 18.03°N 78.27°E / 18.03; 78.27.[1] It has an average elevation of 442 meters (1450 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of India's 2011 census, the total population of Medak municipality is 115,177 in a total of 25,110 households. India's census splits population counts between rural and urban areas. The 2011 census found that the urban population was 46,880 people across 9,571 households, and the rural population was 68,297 people across 15,539 households. A full breakdown of the population by ward and village can be found in the tables below.

History[edit]

The original name of Medak is believed to be Siddapuram.[2] The town's name was later changed to Gulshanabad, and then Medak.[3]

Culture[edit]

Medak is a destination due to its showy festival celebrations. Locals celebrate all Telangana festivals, most notably the festival of Bathukamma in the springtime. Bathukamma is 9 days long and celebrates the patron goddess of womanhood, Maha Gauri. The goddess is worshipped in the form of the Bathukamma, a flower stack arranged with seasonal flowers in seven concentric layers.[4]

Other notable festivals celebrated in Medak are Bonalu, a Hindu festival celebrating Goddess Mahakali, and Peerla, celebrated by both Hindus and Muslims.

Economy[edit]

The largest employer in Medak is Ordnance Factory Medak of the Ordnance Factories Board. It manufactures products for the Indian Armed Forces and is the largest contributor to Medak's economy.[5]

Points of interest[edit]

Temples[edit]

Edupayala Temple

There are a number of historical temples in Medak, which attract many tourists to the area. The best known are:

  • Shri Saraswathi Kshetramu, located in the Ananthasagar, Siddipet division, a Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Saraswathi.[6]
  • Edupayala Durga Bhavani Gudi, located in Telangana and adjacent states of karnataka and Maharashtra, is a shrine dedicated to goddess Durga Bhavani that contains unique natural stone formations. The name Edupayalu means "seven streams", as it is located where the Manjeera river splits into seven streams.[7]

Methukudurgam fortress[edit]

Medak Fort

The Methukudurgam or Methukuseema citadel is a remnant of the city's prosperous times during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty. It was built during the reign of Kakatiya emperor Pratapa Rudra. The name comes from the Telugu word methuku, meaning "cooked rice grain." The fortress is strategically located on top of a hill and has three main entrances that are each decorated with different sculptures. The "Prathama Dwaram" is adorned with the double-headed bird "Gandabherundam", a Kakatiya emblem. The "Simha Dwaram" or Lion's Entrance displays two snarling lion sculptures. The "Gaja Dwaram" or Elephant's Entrance is decorated with elephant sculptures. The fort also holds a 17th-century cannon that is 3.2 meters long and is etched with a trident symbol.[8]

Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary[edit]

Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary is a forest and wildlife sanctuary named for the nearby Pocharam Lake.

Other destinations[edit]

  • Medak Cathedral sees over the Diocese of Medak, the single largest diocese in Asia.[9] It is made of white granite stone, with four pinnacles and a 175 foot bell tower. It features intricate mosaic flooring and large stained glass windows. [10]
  • The village of Gottam Gutta is a destination for its idyllic lake and many temples.[11]
  • The Nizam Sagar dam is notable for its scenery.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Medak". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Gupta, Om (2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House. 
  3. ^ Native Planet. "Medak Tourism - Where Each Day is a Festivity". 
  4. ^ Native Planet. "Medak Tourism - Where Each Day is a Festivity". 
  5. ^ "Indian Ordnance Factories: Ordnance Factory Project Medak". Ofbindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Native Planet. "Medak Tourism - Where Each Day is a Festivity". 
  7. ^ Native Planet. "Edupayala Durga Bhavani gudi, Medak". Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Gupta, Om (2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House. 
  9. ^ Church of South India - Diocese of Medak. "Medak Cathedral". Retrieved 16 May 14. 
  10. ^ Discovered India. "Medak Church in Andhra Pradesh". Retrieved 16 May 14. 
  11. ^ Native Planet. "Medak Tourism - Where Each Day is a Festivity". 
  12. ^ Native Planet. "Medak Tourism - Where Each Day is a Festivity". 

External links[edit]