Mehan Garden

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Mehan Garden
AlexanderPushkinMonumentjf4497 10.JPG
Mehan Garden is located in Metro Manila
Mehan Garden
Mehan Garden
Location Manila, Philippines
Coordinates 14°35′33″N 120°58′50″E / 14.592451°N 120.98063°E / 14.592451; 120.98063Coordinates: 14°35′33″N 120°58′50″E / 14.592451°N 120.98063°E / 14.592451; 120.98063
Area 28,000 m2
Established 1858

Mehan Garden is an open space in Manila, Philippines. It was established in 1858 by the Spanish colonial authorities as a botanical garden, called the Jardín Botánico, outside the walled city.

Statue of Sebastian Vidal by Enric Clarasó in the botanical garden

History[edit]

Botanical Garden[edit]

It was one of a number of botanical gardens established in Asia by European colonial powers (for example, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Bogor Botanical Gardens, 1817).

Sebastián Vidal was the best known director of the garden. He came to the Philippines in 1871 to work in the forestry service (Inspección General de Montes). He was director between 1878 and his death in 1889.[1] His obituary in Popular Science Monthly described him as "practically a pioneer in the investigation of the Philippine flora".[2] (In fact, a flora of the archipelago had been published by Francisco Manuel Blanco, but it was unsatisfactory). For his publications on Philippine flora, Vidal not only collected specimens, but also studied Malesian flora held in European herbaria, such as the Kew herbarium.[3]

Public Park[edit]

The American occupiers of Manila decided that the site was not suitable for a botanical garden and was more suitable for a public park. In 1913 it was renamed after John C. Mehan, who was in charge of Manila's parks and sanitation.[4]

The Garden is the open space off Liwasang Bonifacio (across the Philippine Post Office Main Building), bounded by Taft Avenue, LRT Central Terminal, the Metropolitan Theater, and Manila City Hall. Inside the Garden are structures such as the Lawton Park n' Ride building and the Universidad de Manila.

Gallery[edit]

Mehan Garden
Monument of Alexander Pushkin at the Mehan Garden. 
Monument of Emilio Jacinto at the Mehan Garden. 
Universidad de Manila inside Mehan Garden. 
Victims of Martial Law Memorial Wall at the Mehan Garden. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ During Vidal’s absence in Europe in 1882-83, the position of Director of the Botanical Garden was filled temporarily by Don José Baranda. Vaccinium barandanum Vidal was named after him.
  2. ^ Obituary: Señor Don Sebastian Vidal, "Popular Science Monthly"/Volume 36/January 1890/Obituary Notes --- Wikisource, The Free Library
  3. ^ "Vidal y Soler, Sebastian". Cyclopedia of Malesian Collectors. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
  4. ^ Honoring the Past. Jimena, Fedelyn. UP Forum Online. July 02, 2002.