|• Mayor||Paweł Wybierała|
|• Total||13.50 km2 (5.21 sq mi)|
|• Density||890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
- You may be looking for Jan Milíč, the theologian.
Milicz [ˈmʲilʲit͡ʂ] (German: Militsch) is a town in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the seat of Milicz County, and of the smaller administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Milicz. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.
As at 2006, the town has a population of 12,004.
Milich Castle was first mentioned in an 1136 deed by Pope Innocent II as a possession of the cathedral chapter of the Bishopric of Breslau. It received town privileges in 1245. In 1358 the bishops sold Milicz to the Piast duke Konrad I of Oels, whose successors held castle and town until in 1492 the line became extinct and the Duchy of Oels was finally seized as an expired fief by the Bohemian Crown.
In 1494 King Vladislas II of Bohemia granted Milicz to his chamberlain Sigismund Kurzbach, who installed the autonomous Silesian state country of Milicz and Żmigród (Trachenberg). The Milicz part was acquired by the Maltzan noble family in 1590.
Silesia became part of Prussia after 1742, and then Germany from 1871. Following World War I, portions of eastern Germany were ceded to form the renascent nation of Poland, and Militsch ended up close to the Polish border. It was awarded to Poland in 1945, after Germany's defeat in World War II.
Milicz is the site of one of the six Churches of Grace, which the Silesian Protestants were allowed to build with the permission of Emperor Joseph I of Habsburg, King of Bohemia, given at the Altranstädt Convention of 1707. The half-timbered church finished in 1714 today is dedicated to Saint Andrew Bobola.
The castle of the Dukes of Oels erected in the 14th century was destroyed in World War II. The Maltzan dynasty left a Late Baroque-Neoclassical palace erected in 1798 and an English garden, the first in Silesia.
- Maria von Maltzan, resistance fighter, born in Militsch on March 25, 1909, died on November 12, 1997 in Berlin. The later Generalfeldmarschall Walther von Reichenau married her niece at the Militsch church in 1919.
- Hermann Wassertrilling (Hirsch Wassertrilling), rabbi, was active here in the 19th century
Twin towns – Sister cities
Milicz is twinned with:
- Lohr am Main, Germany, since 2001
- Milicz Ponds nature reserve
- Jewish Community in Milicz on Virtual Shtetl
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Milicz.|