M. Stanley Livingston

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Milton Stanley Livingston
Born (1905-05-25)May 25, 1905
Brodhead, Wisconsin
Died August 25, 1986(1986-08-25) (aged 81)
Fields Physics (accelerator physics)
Institutions UC Berkeley, Cornell University, MIT, Brookhaven National Laboratory
Alma mater

Dartmouth College

University of California, Berkeley
Doctoral advisor Ernest Lawrence[1]
Known for participance in cyclotron and strong focusing development
Influences Hans Bethe, Philip M. Morse[1]
Notable awards Enrico Fermi Award (1986)
Spouse Lois Robinson, Margaret Hughes[1]

Milton Stanley Livingston (May 25, 1905 – August 25, 1986) was an American accelerator physicist, a notable co-inventor of the cyclotron (together with Ernest Lawrence)[2] and co-discoverer (with Ernest Courant and Hartland Snyder) of the strong focusing principle, which allowed development of modern large-scale particle accelerators.[3][4]

Livingston was the chairman of the Accelerator Project at Brookhaven National Laboratory,[5] director of the Cambridge Electron Accelerator,[6] a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a professor of physics at MIT,[5] and a recipient of the Enrico Fermi Award from the United States Department of Energy.[1][5]

Milton Stanley Livingston died on August 25, 1986 from complications of prostate cancer.[1]

Awards and distinctions[edit]

Education and career[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Courant, E. D. (1997). "Milton Stanley Livingston". Biographical Memoirs (National Academies Press) 72. 
  2. ^ Ernest Lawrence and M. Stanley Livingston (University of California, Berkeley)
  3. ^ Courant, E. D.; Livingston, M. S.; Snyder, H. S. (1952). "The Strong-Focusing Synchrotron—A New High Energy Accelerator". Physical Review 88 (5): 1190–1196. Bibcode:1952PhRv...88.1190C. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.88.1190.  edit
  4. ^ Blewett, John P.; Courant, Ernest D. (June 1987). "Obituary: M. Stanley Livingston". Physics Today 40 (7): 88–92. Bibcode:1987PhT....40f..88B. doi:10.1063/1.2820097. 
  5. ^ a b c Array of Contemporary Physicists: M. Stanley Livingston
  6. ^ "Livingston, Milton Stanley." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008. Encyclopedia.com.

External links[edit]