Mizo Hlakungpui Mual
Mizo Hlakungpui Mual (Mizo Poets' Square) is a monument to commemorate Mizo poets. It was set up in 1986. It is located at the southern edge of Khawbung Village, Mizoram state, North-East India, about 100 miles northwest of Chittagong.
In Hlakungpui, monuments to Mizo laureate poets and writers were erected at intervals of 10 years. The origin of these monuments sprang from the village people of Khawbung in 1983, when the Executive Committee of Khawbung Branch YMA resolved to commemorate the two laureate poets, Patea and Damhauhva.
In time, the local people decided to include all the Mizo Poets and writers who deserved recognition for their contributions to Mizo literature. The Committee agreed, and the selection procedures go as – Writers who have produced at least 3–4 books, and have had a prolonged influence on Mizo literature would be selected while Poets whose songs/poems have exceptional literary value would also be included. Writers/poets may only be included in Hlakungpui Mual five years after their death.
First Phase 1986
In the first phase were erected the monuments of Patea and Damhauhva on 6 & 7 April 1986 with their skeletal remains taken from their old grave, then were buried in the ground beneath their pyramidal monument. They were the first two interred in the Poets' Square.
Patea composed 55 poems whose lyrics and harmonies expressed deeply traditional Mizo sentiments. His lyrics are mainly about lamentation, praise and heavenly sentiments.
Damhauhva wrote 51 poems highly prized for their literary qualities in Mizo poetry. His poetical words emphasizing natural beauties and its harmonies are well matched. He composed many fine poems. The values of human life with regards to nature are expressed with poetical words.
Second phase: 1996
In course of time, there was an attempt to commemorate famous poets and writers whose fame spread throughout Mizoram and its adjoining regions. The process of selecting poets and writers was also strictly carried out. They had, to some extent, imitated what were found in Poets' Corner, the name traditionally given to a section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey.
Below are the poets and writers arranged in order from the pyramidal monuments of Patea and Damhauva.
- Kâphleia (1910–1940)
- L.Biakliana (1918–1940)
- Lalzuithanga (1916–1950)
- C. Thuamluaia (1922–1959)
- Rev. Liangkhaia (1985–1979)
- J.F.Laldailova (1925–1979)
- Capt.C.Khuma (1934–1994)
- Siamkima (1938–1992)
- K.Zawla (1903–1994)
- K.C.Lalvunga (1929–1994)
- Laithangpuia (1885–1937)
- Lalzova (1924–1945)
- Saihnûna (1896–1949)
- Lalawithangpa (1885–1949)
- R.L.Kâmlala (1902–1965)
- Rokunga (1914–1969)
- Vankhama (1906–1970)
- Suakliana (1885–1937)
- Liandala (1901–1980)
- C.Z.Huala (1903–1994)
Third Phase – 2006
Below are the names of poets and writers included in the third phase.
- Rev.Saiaithanga (1887–1980)
- A.Sawihlira (1931–2000)
- Zasiama (1900–1953)
- Vanmawia (1922–1980)
- Râlngama (1907–1981)
- Siamliana (1894–1962)
- Laltanpuia (1915–1997)
Fourth Phase 2011 (Silver Jubilee)
- Nuchhungi (1914–2006)
- P.S.Chawngthu (1922– 2005)
- Zirsangzela Hnamte(1952–2002)
- Rev Thangngura (1891–1943)
- "Mizoram Tourism". Hlakungpui Mual (Poets' Square). tourismmizoram.com. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Hlakungpui website Retrieved 21 January 2012
- "Mizo Hlakungpui Mual". Patea. hlakungpui.com. 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Mizo Hlakungpui Mual". Damhauhva. hlakungpui.com. 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Government of Mizoram press release on Silver Jubilee of Hlakungpui Mual, 6 April 2011, by K. Laldingliani Mis and Ipro Champai.
- Hlakungpui Silver Jubilee Celebration