Montreal Arena

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Montreal Arena
Westmount Arena
Arena Hockey Rink of Montreal, 1899
Location St. Catherine Street and Wood Avenue, Westmount
Broke ground 1898
Opened December 31, 1898
Closed 1918
Demolished 1918
Owner Canadian Arena Company
Surface natural ice
Capacity 4,300, 10,000 people (temporary)
Tenants
Montreal Canadiens (NHA,NHL)
1911–1918
Montreal Wanderers (NHA, NHL
1904–1909, 1911–1918

The Montreal Arena, also known as Westmount Arena, was an indoor arena located in Westmount, Quebec, Canada on the corner of St. Catherine Street and Wood Avenue. It was likely one of the first arenas designed expressly for hockey, opening in 1898. It was the primary site of amateur and professional ice hockey in Montreal until 1918.

Description[edit]

Opened on December 31, 1898, it held 10,000 people, 4300 seated. It held a refreshment buffet and smoking rooms, with rugs available for rental to sit on.[1] It is likely the third arena designed expressly for ice hockey, after the St. Nicholas Rink in New York City, and the Dey's Skating Rink in Ottawa, which both opened in 1896.

The ice rink ends were not squared-off, but rounded-off. The ends were somewhat semi-circular, possibly the first design of its kind. A puck could be shot along the outside rim, slide along the corners, pass behind the goal and come out the other side. This type of shot is common in hockey today, and is called "rimmed around." The rounded-corners design spread to other arenas. In 1902, after Ottawa's Dey Rink was demolished due to a storm, it was rebuilt with rounded ends to match the Montreal Arena.[2] The fence along the ice surface was increased in height to 4 feet (1.2 m), an increase from the Victoria Skating Rink's one foot high boards.[3] The first artificial ice-making plant in Montreal was installed in the Arena in 1915.[4]

The owners of the Montreal Arena, the Canadian Arena Company, later built the Arena Gardens in Toronto, and operated the Toronto NHL franchise in 1917-18. Principals of the Arena Company, such as William Northey, would later be involved in the building of the Montreal Forum and the founding of the Montreal Maroons.

Fire[edit]

Ruins of Montreal Arena

A fire started in the ice-making plant causing the arena to burn down on January 2, 1918, which led the Montreal Wanderers to disband and the Canadiens to move back to Jubilee Arena. In 1924, the new Montreal Forum was built one block to the east.

Today[edit]

The Arena site is today the site of the Plaza Alexis-Nihon. A new Westmount Arena was built in 1957 to serve the residents of Westmount, Quebec. It holds a collection of replica Stanley Cup banners to honour the early ice hockey teams which won the Stanley Cup. Stanley Cup banners were not hung in the early days of ice hockey.[5]

Usage[edit]

At first, it hosted the Montreal senior men's amateur hockey teams of the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, including the Montreal, Shamrock and Victoria hockey clubs. The Wanderers would start play there in 1904. Later, it served as the home rink for the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey Association and National Hockey League from 1911 until 1918.

In 1907, it was the site of one of hockey's first player brawls. On January 12, 1907, the game between the heated rivals Ottawa Hockey Club and the Montreal Wanderers degenerated into a free for all. Ottawa players Charles Spittal, Alf Smith and Harry Smith each knocked out a Montreal player cold and received game misconducts. Cecil Blachford, Ernest Johnson and Hod Stuart all required hospital treatment. Despite the injuries, the Wanderers managed to win the game 4–2. The ECAHA convened a week later to consider discipline for the Ottawa players and when no agreement was found, league president McRobie resigned. When Ottawa returned for a January 26 against the Montreal Victorias, Spittal and the Smiths were arrested for assault, each eventually paying $20 fines.[6]

The building was also used for exhibition space. Horse shows, car shows, motor-boat displays, concerts, and bazaars were held. New York's Metropolitan Opera performed at the arena, as well as singers such as Melba, Caruso, Calve and Albani.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kitchen, Paul (2008). Win, Tie or Wrangle. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press. ISBN 978-1-897323-46-5. 
  • Vigneault, Michel (1997). "Montreal Ice-Hockey Rinks:1875-1917". Hockey Research Journal 3 (3). 
Notes
  1. ^ Coleman, Charles (1966). Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol 1., 1893-1926 inc. 
  2. ^ Kitchen(2008), p. 112
  3. ^ Vigneault 1997, p. 8.
  4. ^ Vigneault 1997, p. 10.
  5. ^ "Oh Stanley!". hour.ca. January 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-21. 
  6. ^ Stubbs, Dave (January 12, 2007). "It was butchery, not sport, in Westmount". Montreal Gazette. 
  7. ^ Vigneault 1997, pp. 8–9.
Preceded by
Jubilee Arena
Home of the
Montreal Canadiens

1911–1918
Succeeded by
Jubilee Arena
Preceded by
first arena
Home of the
Montreal Wanderers

1904–1909
Succeeded by
Jubilee Arena
Preceded by
Jubilee Arena
Home of the
Montreal Wanderers

1911–1918
Succeeded by
last arena

Coordinates: 45°29′15″N 73°35′12″W / 45.487629°N 73.586651°W / 45.487629; -73.586651