Montreal Canadiens

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Montreal Canadiens
Canadiens de Montréal
2014–15 Montreal Canadiens season
Conference Eastern
Division Atlantic
Founded December 4, 1909
History Montreal Canadiens
1909–1917 (NHA)
1917–present (NHL)
Home arena Bell Centre (Centre Bell)
City Montreal, Quebec
Colours Red, white, blue


Media English
Owner(s) Molson family, Bell, The Woodbridge Company, QFL Solidarity Fund, National Bank Financial Group, Michael Andlauer and Luc Bertrand[1]
(Geoff Molson, chairman[2])
General manager Marc Bergevin
Head coach Michel Therrien
Captain Vacant
Minor league affiliates Hamilton Bulldogs (AHL)
Wheeling Nailers (ECHL)
Stanley Cups 24 (1915–16, 1923–24, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1943–44, 1945–46, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1985–86, 1992–93)
Conference championships 8 (1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1985–86, 1988–89, 1992–93)
Presidents' Trophies 0
Division championships 22 (1927–28, 1928–29, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1936–37, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1991–92, 2007–08, 2012–13)
Official website

The Montreal Canadiens[note 1] (French: Les Canadiens de Montréal) are a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. They are members of the Atlantic Division in the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The club's official name is le Club de hockey Canadien.[3] French nicknames for the team include Les Canadiens (or Le Canadien), Le Bleu-Blanc-Rouge, La Sainte-Flanelle,[4] Le Tricolore, Les Glorieux (or Nos Glorieux), Les Habitants, Le CH and Le Grand Club. The team's main English nickname is the Habs, an abbreviation of "Les Habitants".

Founded in 1909, the Canadiens are the longest continuously operating professional ice hockey team and the only existing NHL club to predate the founding of the NHL. One of the oldest North American professional sports franchises, the Canadiens' history predates that of every other Canadian franchise outside of football as well as every American franchise outside of baseball with the arguable exception of the Arizona Cardinals, who unlike the Canadiens no longer play in their original city. The franchise is one of the "Original Six" teams, a description used for the teams that made up the NHL from 1942 until the 1967 expansion. The team's championship season in 1992–93 was the last time a Canadian team won the Stanley Cup.[5]

The Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup more times than any other franchise. They have won 24 championships, 22 of them since 1927, when NHL teams became the only ones to compete for the Stanley Cup.[6] On a percentage basis, as of 2014, the franchise has won 25.3% of all Stanley Cup championships contested after the Challenge Cup era, making it the second most successful professional sports team of the traditional four major sports of Canada and the United States, behind only the Boston Celtics.[note 2][7][8]

Since 1996, the Canadiens have played their home games at the Bell Centre, originally the Molson Centre.[9] The team previously played at the Montreal Forum which housed the team for seven decades and all but their first two Stanley Cup championships.[note 3]


The Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose O'Brien on December 4, 1909, as a charter member of the National Hockey Association,[10][11] the forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be the team of the francophone community in Montreal, composed of francophone players, and under francophone ownership as soon as possible.[12] The team's first season was not a success, as they placed last. After the first year, ownership was transferred to George Kennedy of Montreal[13] and the team's fortunes improved over the next seasons. The team won its first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915–16 season.[14] In 1917, with four other NHA teams, the Canadiens formed the NHL,[15] and they won their first NHL Stanley Cup during the 1923–24 season, led by Howie Morenz.[16] The team moved from the Mount Royal Arena to the Montreal Forum for the 1926–27 season.[17]

In the 1930s, the club started the decade successfully with Stanley Cup wins in 1930 and 1931. However, the club and its then Montreal rival, the Montreal Maroons, declined both on the ice and economically during the Depression. Losses grew to the point where the team owners considering selling the team to Cleveland, Ohio interests. However, local investors were found and instead it was the Maroons that suspended operations,[18] and several of the Maroons players moved to the Canadiens.[19]

Five men playing hockey in a crowded arena.
Game between the Canadiens and the New York Rangers in 1962.

Led by the "Punch Line" of Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach in the 1940s, the Canadiens enjoyed success again atop the NHL. From 1953 to 1960, the franchise won six Stanley Cups, including a record five straight from 1956 to 1960, with a new set of stars coming to prominence: Jean Beliveau, Dickie Moore, Doug Harvey, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Jacques Plante, and Richard's younger brother, Henri.[20]

The Canadiens added ten more championships in fifteen seasons from 1965 to 1979, with another dynastic run of four straight Cups from 1976 to 1979.[21] In the 1976–77 season, the Canadiens set a modern-day record for fewest losses by only losing eight games in an 80-game season. The next season 1977-78, they had a 28-game unbeaten streak, the second-longest in NHL history.[22] The next generation of stars included Guy Lafleur, Yvan Cournoyer, Ken Dryden, Pete Mahovlich, Jacques Lemaire, Pierre Larouche, Steve Shutt, Bob Gainey, Serge Savard, Guy Lapointe and Larry Robinson. Scotty Bowman, who would later set a record for most NHL victories by a coach, was the team's head coach for its last five Stanley Cup victories in the 1970s.[23]

The Canadiens won Stanley Cups in 1986, led by rookie star goaltender Patrick Roy,[24] and in 1993, continuing their streak of winning at least one championship in every decade from the 1910s to the 1990s (this streak ended in the 2000s).[25] In 1996, the Habs moved from the Montreal Forum, their home during 70 seasons and 22 Stanley Cups, to the Molson Centre (now the Bell Centre).[26]

On December 29, 2008 the Canadiens defeated the Florida Panthers by a score of 5–2, becoming the first team in NHL history to reach 3,000 victories.[27]

Commemorative 100th season logo for 2008–09[28]

Centennial celebrations[edit]

The Montreal Canadiens retired various uniform numbers as part of its leadup to its celebrations during the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons.[29] As part of the scheduled events for 2009, Montreal hosted the 2009 NHL All-Star Game,[30] and the 2009 NHL Entry Draft.[31]

Pour toujours, les Canadiens! is a 2009 Quebec feature film about the centennial celebrations, written by Jacques Savoie and directed by Sylvain Archambault. The film debuted in theatres on December 4, 2009, the Canadiens' centennial.[32][33]

Team identity[edit]

For more details on this topic, see History of the Montreal Canadiens.

Logo and jersey design[edit]

Original design of the "CHC" logo. (1917–19, 1921–22)

One of sport's oldest and most recognizable logos, the classic 'C' and 'H' of the Montreal Canadiens was first used together in the 1917–18 season, when the club changed its name to "Club de hockey Canadien" from Club athlétique Canadien,[34] before evolving to its current form in 1952–53. The "H" stands for "hockey", not "Habs" or "Habitants", a popular misconception.[35] According to, the first man to refer to the team as "the Habs" was American Tex Rickard, owner of the Madison Square Garden, in 1924. Rickard apparently told a reporter that the "H" on the Canadiens' sweaters was for "Habitants".[36]

The team's colours since 1914 are red, blue and white. The home sweater is predominantly red in colour. There are four blue and white stripes, one across each arm, one across the chest and the other across the waistline. The main road sweater is mainly white with a red and blue stripe across the waist, red at the end of both arm sleeves red shoulder yokes. The basic design has been in use since 1914, generally evolving as materials changed. Because of the team's lengthy history and significance in Quebec, the sweater has been referred to as 'La Sainte-Flanelle' (the holy flannel sweater).[4]

The Canadiens used multiple designs prior to adopting the aforementioned design in 1914. The original shirt of the 1909-1910 season was blue with a white C. The second season had a red shirt featuring a green maple leaf with the C logo, and green pants. Lastly, the season before adopting the current look the Canadiens wore a "barber pole" design jersey with red, white and blue stripes, and the logo being a white maple leaf reading "CAC", Club Athlétique Canadien.[37] All three designs were worn during the 2009-10 season as part of the Canadiens centenary.[29]

The Canadiens' colours are a readily identifiable aspect of French Canadian culture. In the short story "The Hockey Sweater", Roch Carrier described the influence of the Canadiens and their jersey within rural Quebec communities during the 1940s.[38] The story was later made into an animated short, The Sweater, narrated by Carrier.[39] A passage from the short story appears on the 2002 issue of the Canadian five dollar bill.[40][41]


Nos bras meurtris vous tendent le flambeau, à vous toujours de le porter bien haut.

To you from failing hands we throw the torch. Be yours to hold it high.

The motto is from the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae which was written in 1915, the year the Canadiens won their first Stanley Cup championship. The motto appears on the wall of the Canadiens dressing room, originally at the Montreal Forum and currently at the Bell Centre.[42]


Beginning in the 2004–05 NHL season, the Canadiens adopted Youppi as their official mascot, the first costumed mascot in their long history. Youppi was the longtime mascot for the Montreal Expos baseball team, but was dropped from the franchise when they moved to Washington, D.C. in 2004 and became the Washington Nationals. With the switch, Youppi became the first mascot in professional sports to switch leagues.[43]


The Montreal Canadiens broadcast area in blue and green.

Montreal Canadiens games are broadcast locally in both the French and English languages. On radio, Canadiens games are broadcast in French by CHMP 98.5,[44] and in English by CKGM, TSN Radio 690, who acquired the English broadcast rights under a 7-year deal which began in the 2011-12 season.[45]

Regional television rights in French are currently held by Réseau des sports under a 12-year deal, effective as of the 2014-15 NHL season.[46] A sister to the English-language network TSN, RDS was the only French-language sports channel in Canada until the 2011 launch of TVA Sports,[47] and was also the previous national French rightsholder of the NHL. As such, the team forewent a separate regional contract, and allowed its games to be televised nationally as part of RDS's rights. As TVA Sports is now the national French rightsholder through a sub-licensing agreement with Rogers Communications, as of the 2014-15 season,[48] RDS parent company Bell Media subsequently announced a 12-year deal to maintain regional rights to Canadiens games not shown on TVA Sports. Games are now subject to blackout outside of the Canadiens' home market of Quebec, Atlantic Canada and parts of Ontario.[46] 22 Canadiens games per season will be televised nationally by TVA Sports, primarily through its Saturday night La super soirée LNH.[49][50]

Regional television rights in English are held by Sportsnet East in a 3-year deal announced by Rogers on September 2, 2014, with selected games (three in its inaugural season) airing on CJNT City Montreal. The remaining games are aired nationally through Rogers' aforementioned NHL rights deal (including additional games on Sportsnet, City, or on CBC during Hockey Night in Canada), thus giving Rogers rights to over all English-language telecasts of the Canadiens.[51] Regional Canadiens games on Sportsnet East and City are called by John Bartlett and Jason York.[52] TSN previously held regional, English-language television rights to the Canadiens from 2010 through 2014. They were broadcast on a part-time TSN feed with Dave Randorf on play-by-play; these rights were not renewed by Bell Media past the 2013-14 season.[44][53]

Seasons and records[edit]

Season by season results[edit]

This is a list of the last five seasons completed by the Canadiens. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Montreal Canadiens seasons.

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes

Season GP W L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Playoffs
2009–10 82 39 33 10 88 217 223 4th, Northeast Lost in Conference Finals, 1–4 (Flyers)
2010–11 82 44 30 8 96 216 209 2nd, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 3–4 (Bruins)
2011–12 82 31 35 16 75 212 225 5th, Northeast Did not qualify
2012–13 48 29 14 5 63 149 126 1st, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals,1-4 (Senators)
2013–14 82 46 28 8 100 215 205 3rd, Atlantic Lost in Conference Finals, 2-4 (Rangers)

Franchise individual records[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Montreal Canadiens records.

Franchise scoring leaders[edit]

These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.

Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game

Points Goals Assists
Player Pos GP G A Pts P/G
Guy Lafleur RW 961 518 728 1246 1.30
Jean Beliveau C 1125 507 712 1219 1.08
Henri Richard C 1256 358 688 1046 0.83
Maurice Richard RW 978 544 421 965 0.99
Larry Robinson D 1202 197 686 883 0.73
Yvan Cournoyer RW 968 428 435 863 0.89
Jacques Lemaire C 853 366 469 835 0.98
Steve Shutt LW 871 408 368 776 0.89
Bernie Geoffrion RW 766 371 388 759 0.99
Saku Koivu C 792 191 450 641 0.81
Player Pos G
Maurice Richard RW 544
Guy Lafleur RW 518
Jean Beliveau C 507
Yvan Cournoyer RW 428
Steve Shutt LW 408
Bernie Geoffrion RW 371
Jacques Lemaire C 366
Henri Richard C 358
Aurele Joliat LW 270
Mario Tremblay RW 258
Player Pos A
Guy Lafleur RW 728
Jean Beliveau C 712
Henri Richard C 688
Larry Robinson D 686
Jacques Lemaire C 469
Saku Koivu C 450
Yvan Cournoyer RW 435
Maurice Richard RW 421
Elmer Lach C 408
Guy Lapointe D 406

Sources: "Statistics | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2009-06-27. , "". 2010-06-17. 

Maurice Richard poses for a photographer while wearing his full Canadiens uniform.
Maurice 'The Rocket' Richard is the Canadiens' all-time leader in goals. The trophy awarded annually to the NHL's leading goal scorer is named in honour of Richard.[54]

Records – skaters[edit]


* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – Skaters | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Records – goaltenders[edit]


* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – goaltenders | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Current roster[edit]

Updated March 13, 2015.[55]

# Nat Player Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
28 Canada Beaulieu, NathanNathan Beaulieu D L 22 2011 Strathroy, Ontario
25 Sweden de la Rose, JacobJacob de la Rose LW L 19 2013 Arvika, Sweden
51 Canada Desharnais, DavidDavid Desharnais C L 28 2008 Laurier-Station, Quebec
81 Denmark Eller, LarsLars Eller C L 25 2010 Rødovre, Denmark
74 Russia Emelin, AlexeiAlexei Emelin D L 28 2004 Togliatti, Soviet Union
32 United States Flynn, BrianBrian Flynn RW R 26 2015 Lynnfield, Massachusetts
27 United States Galchenyuk, AlexAlex Galchenyuk C L 21 2012 Milwaukee, Wisconsin
11 Canada Gallagher, BrendanBrendan Gallagher RW R 22 2010 Edmonton, Alberta
77 United States Gilbert, TomTom Gilbert D R 32 2014 Bloomington, Minnesota
55 Russia Gonchar, SergeiSergei Gonchar D L 40 2014 Chelyabinsk, Soviet Union
20 Canada Malhotra, MannyManny Malhotra C L 34 2014 Mississauga, Ontario
79 Russia Markov, AndreiAndrei Markov (A) D L 36 1998 Voskresensk, Soviet Union
17 Canada Mitchell, TorreyTorrey Mitchell C/RW R 30 2015 Greenfield Park, Quebec
67 United States Pacioretty, MaxMax Pacioretty (A) LW L 26 2007 New Canaan, Connecticut
15 Canada Parenteau, Pierre-AlexandrePierre-Alexandre Parenteau RW R 31 2014 Hull, Quebec
64 United States Pateryn, GregGreg Pateryn D R 24 2008 Sterling Heights, Michigan
26 United States Petry, JeffJeff Petry D R 27 2015 Ann Arbor, Michigan
14 Czech Republic Plekanec, TomasTomas Plekanec (A) C L 32 2001 Kladno, Czechoslovakia
31 Canada Price, CareyCarey Price G L 27 2005 Anahim Lake, British Columbia
8 Canada Prust, BrandonBrandon Prust LW L 31 2012 London, Ontario
21 Canada Smith-Pelly, DevanteDevante Smith-Pelly RW R 22 2015 Scarborough, Ontario
76 Canada Subban, P. K.P. K. Subban (A) D R 25 2007 Toronto, Ontario
35 Canada Tokarski, DustinDustin Tokarski G L 25 2013 Humboldt, Saskatchewan
43 Canada Weaver, MikeMike Weaver D R 36 2014 Bramalea, Ontario
22 Canada Weise, DaleDale Weise RW R 26 2014 Winnipeg, Manitoba


Team captains[edit]

Head coaches[edit]

Source: "Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Honoured members[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Montreal Canadiens award winners.
Retired numbers at the Bell Centre.

Retired numbers[edit]

The Canadiens have retired fifteen numbers in honour of nineteen players,[57] the most of any team in the National Hockey League. All of the honourees were born in Canada. Howie Morenz was the first honouree on November 2, 1937.[58]

Montreal Canadiens retired numbers
No. Player Position Tenure Date of honour
1 Jacques Plante G 1953-63 October 7, 1995
2 Doug Harvey D 1947-61 October 26, 1985
3 Emile Bouchard D 1941-56 December 4, 2009
4 Jean Beliveau C 1952-71 October 9, 1971
Aurèle Joliat [59][60] LW 1922-38 October 9, 1971
5 Bernie Geoffrion RW 1950-64 March 11, 2006
Guy Lapointe D 1968-82 November 8, 2014
7 Howie Morenz C 1923-37 November 2, 1937
9 Maurice Richard RW 1943-60 October 6, 1960
10 Guy Lafleur RW 1971-85 February 16, 1985
12 Dickie Moore LW 1953-63 November 12, 2005
Yvan Cournoyer RW 1964-79 November 12, 2005
16 Henri Richard C 1955-75 December 10, 1975
Elmer Lach C 1940-54 December 4, 2009
18 Serge Savard D 1967-81 November 18, 2006
19 Larry Robinson D 1972-89 November 19, 2007
23 Bob Gainey LW 1974-89 February 23, 2008
29 Ken Dryden G 1970-79 January 29, 2007
33 Patrick Roy G 1985-95 November 22, 2008

Hockey Hall of Fame[edit]

Sixty-two people associated with the Canadiens have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. Thirty-six of these players are from three separate notable dynasties: 12 from 1955–1960, 11 from 1964–1969 and 13 from 1975–1979. Howie Morenz and Georges Vezina were the first Canadiens given the honour in 1945, while Chris Chelios was the most recently inducted, in 2013.[61]

Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers
Player Nat. Position Inducteed
Howie Morenz Canada C 1945
Georges Vezina Canada G 1945
Aurele Joliat Canada LW 1947
Newsy Lalonde Canada C 1950
Joe Malone Canada C 1950
Sprague Cleghorn Canada D 1958
Herb Gardiner Canada D 1958
Sylvio Mantha Canada D 1960
Maurice "Rocket" Richard Canada RW 1961
Joe Hall Canada D 1961
George Hainsworth Canada G 1961
Harry Cameron Canada D 1962
Jack Laviolette Canada D 1962
Jimmy Gardner Canada LW 1962
Didier Pitre Canada RW 1962
Albert "Babe" Siebert Canada D 1964
Bill Durnan Canada G 1964
Marty Barry Canada C 1965
Ken Reardon Canada D 1966
Hector "Toe" Blake Canada LW 1966
Emile Bouchard Canada D 1966
Elmer Lach Canada C 1966
Tom Johnson Canada D 1970
Jean Beliveau Canada C 1972
Bernard "Boom Boom" Geoffrion Canada RW 1972
Doug Harvey Canada D 1973
Dickie Moore Canada LW 1974
Gord Drillon Canada RW 1975
Jacques Plante Canada G 1978
Henri "Pocket Rocket" Richard Canada C 1979
Lorne "Gump" Worsley Canada G 1980
Frank Mahovlich Canada LW 1981
Yvan Cournoyer Canada RW 1982
Ken Dryden Canada G 1983
Jacques Lemaire Canada C 1984
Bert Olmstead Canada LW 1985
Serge Savard Canada D 1986
Jacques Laperriere Canada D 1987
Guy Lafleur Canada RW 1988
Tony Esposito Canada G 1988
Bud O'Connor Canada C 1988
Bob Gainey Canada LW 1992
Guy Lapointe Canada D 1993
Steve Shutt Canada LW 1993
Larry Robinson Canada D 1995
Denis Savard Canada C 2000
Rod Langway United States D 2002
Patrick Roy Canada G 2006
Dick Duff Canada LW 2006
Doug Gilmour Canada C 2011
Chris Chelios United States D 2013

The following are members of the Hockey Hall of Fame in the Builders category. The first inductee was Vice President William Northy in 1945. The most recent inductee was coach Pat Burns in 2014.[62]

Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers
Builder Nat. Title Inducted
William Northey Canada Vice President 1945
Hon. Donat Raymond Canada Owner 1958
Dick Irvin Canada Coach 1958
Frank J. Selke Canada General Manager 1960
J. Ambrose O'Brien Canada Owner 1962
Leo Dandurand Canada Owner 1963
Tommy Gorman Canada General Manager 1963
Hon. H de M Molson Canada Owner 1973
Joe Cattarinich Canada Owner 1977
Sam Pollock Canada General Manager 1978
Scotty Bowman Canada Coach 1991
Pat Burns Canada Coach 2014

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Even in English, the French spelling, Canadiens, is always used.
  2. ^ As of May 2014, the Boston Celtics have the highest percentage of National Basketball Association championships with 25.4%, and in Major League Baseball, the New York Yankees have the highest percentage with 24.8%.
  3. ^ Earlier venues for the Canadiens include Jubilee Rink, Montreal Westmount Arena, and Mount Royal Arena


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Montreal Canadiens Team - Montréal Canadiens - Team: Administration". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  3. ^ Club de hockey Canadien, Inc. (2013). "Montreal Canadians: Privacy Policy". Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  4. ^ a b Hamilton, Graeme (2008-10-22). "Are the Canadiens a religion?". National Post. Canada: The National Post Company. Archived from the original on 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  5. ^ "It's been 18 years since last Canadian Stanley Cup". The Globe and Mail. 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  6. ^ "Stanley Cup All-time Champions and Finalists". 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  7. ^ "NBA Season Recaps". NBA Media Ventures. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  8. ^ "World Series History: Championships by Club". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  9. ^ "Molson Centre renamed Bell Centre". CBC Sports. 2002-02-26. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  10. ^ Jenish 2008, pp. 9–13
  11. ^ Stubbs, Dave (2008-09-04). "Canadiens toy with game at Olympic Stadium". Montreal Gazette. pp. C2. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  12. ^ D'Arcy, pp. 10–11
  13. ^ "Canadian Dictionary of Biography online". Government of Canada Library and Archives. 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-30. 
  14. ^ "Stanley Cup no. 1". Montreal Canadiens Hockey Club. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  15. ^ McGourty, John (2007-11-26). "NHL celebrates 90th anniversary today". Retrieved 2014-11-22. 
  16. ^ Sandor, Steven (2005). The Battle of Alberta: A Century of Hockey's Greatest Rivalry. Heritage House. p. 30. ISBN 1-894974-01-8. ISBN 1-894974-01-8. 
  17. ^ The Forum opens its doors, Montreal Canadiens Hockey Club, retrieved 2009-05-19 
  18. ^ Jenish 2008, pp. 80–85
  19. ^ Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002), Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey, Dundurn Press, p. 330, ISBN 1-55002-413-2, ISBN 1-55002-413-2 
  20. ^ "Legends of Hockey - Spotlight - Montreal Canadiens - 1955-60". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  21. ^ "Via Rail Stanley Cup Dynasties". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-11-22. 
  22. ^ "Blackhawks' streak ends at 24 with loss to Avalanche". March 8, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
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  31. ^ "Canadiens to host 2009 NHL Entry Draft" (Press release). 2008-07-15. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  32. ^ "''Pour toujours, les Canadiens!'' à l'affiche en décembre 2009". Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  33. ^ "File: Sur le plateau de ''Pour toujours, les Canadiens!''". Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  34. ^ Coffey, Phil (2008-02-08). " – Ice Age: Playing the point on many issues – 02/08/2008". Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  35. ^ "Jerseys and Logos - 1909 - 1946". 
  36. ^ "Why are the Montreal Canadiens called the Habs?". 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  37. ^ "Our History - Logos and Jerseys". 2008. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  38. ^ Tarasoff, Tamara (2004-12-10). "Roch Carrier and The Hockey Sweater". Canadian Museum of History. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  39. ^ National Film Board of Canada Production (2008). "The Sweater". NFB – Collection. National Film Board of Canada Production. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  40. ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). "The Spirit of Hockey". CBC Archives (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  41. ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). "The Virtual Hot Stove". Hockey: A People's History (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  42. ^ "Inside the dressing room". 30 August 2006. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  43. ^ "Expos are gone, Youppi! moves to the Habs". CBC. 2005-09-18. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  44. ^ a b Faguy, Steve (August 18, 2014). "NHL broadcast schedule 2014-15: Who owns rights to what games". Fagstein. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  45. ^ "Bell Media’s THE TEAM 990 Becomes Official Radio Broadcaster of the Montreal Canadiens in New Seven-Year Deal". Bell Media (press release). Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  46. ^ a b "RDS, Canadiens announce 12-year regional rights deal". Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  47. ^ Magder, Jason. "New TVA Sports channel takes a shot at RDS". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  48. ^ Cousineau, Sophie (2013-11-28). "TVA to pay Rogers $120-million a year to be NHL's French-language broadcaster". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  49. ^ "TVA SPORTS DÉVOILE SON CALENDRIER". Groupe TVA. 2014-08-05. Retrieved 2014-09-20. 
  50. ^ "NHL, TVA Sports launch French-language agreement". Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  51. ^ "Canadiens, Sportsnet ink new regional deal". Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  52. ^ "Sportsnet Announces Montreal Canadiens Regional Broadcast Team". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  53. ^ "TSN Acquires Regional Rights to 24 Montreal Canadiens Games". CTVglobemedia (press release). October 21, 2010. 
  54. ^ Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy, Hockey Hall of Fame, retrieved 2014-04-02 
  55. ^ "Canadiens Roster". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  56. ^ "Canadiens fire Carbonneau, Gainey takes over as coach". ESPN. 2009-03-09. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  57. ^ Club de hockey Canadien (2008). "Montreal Canadiens – Retired Jerseys". Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  58. ^ "Canadiens celebrate 100th anniversary". ESPN. December 4, 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  59. ^ "Joliat et Lach oubliés". Retrieved December 12, 2014. 
  60. ^ "DICTIONNAIRE DES SPORTS DU QUÉBEC". Retrieved December 12, 2014. 
  61. ^ "Legends of Hockey - Team: Montreal Canadiens". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-10-31. 
  62. ^ "Legends of Hockey - Builders". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-10-31. 

External links[edit]