Mosques and shrines of Mosul

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This article concerns the mosques and shrines of Mosul, Iraq.

The Umayyad Mosque[edit]

This is the first ever mosque in the county, built in 640 AD by Utba bin Farqad Al-Salami after he captured Mosul during the reign of Caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattab. The only part still extant is the remarkably elaborate brickwork 52 m high minaret that leans like the Tower of Pisa, called Al-Hadba (The Humped).

The Great (Nuriddin) Mosque[edit]

The Great Mosque was built by Nuriddin Zanki in 1172 AD next to the Umayyad Mosque. Ibn Battuta (the great Moroccan traveller) found a marble fountain there and a mihrab (the niche that indicates the direction of Mecca) with a Kufic inscription.

The Mosque of the Prophet Yunus (Jonah)[edit]

Prophet Yunus Mosque

On one of the two most prominent mounds of Nineveh's ruins, rose the Mosque of prophet Yunus, the son of Amittai, from the 8th century BC. The mosque, which earlier was a Nestorian-Assyrian Church, was believed to be the burial place of Yunus, or Jonah, as he is known in English translations of the Bible. It is also where King Esarhaddon had once built a palace.

This shrine on the site of a Christian church was a stone's throw from the built-up walls and gates of Nineveh. In the middle of the mosque stood a sepulcher, covered with a Persian carpet of silk and silver, and at the four corners, great copper candlesticks with wax tapers, besides several lamps and ostrich shells that hung down from the roof. A whale's tooth, appropriate to Jonah's well-known adventure at sea, was said to be preserved there.

It was one of the most important mosques in Mosul and one of the few historic mosques in the east side of the city.

On July 24, 2014, the building was destroyed by explosives set by forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[1] A security source, who kept his identity anonymous, told the Iraq-based al-Sumaria News that ISIS militants "seized control of the mosque completely."[2] The militants then closed all doors and prevented worshipers from entering to pray. They then detonated explosives, destroying the mosque and damaging several nearby houses. They stated “the mosque had become a place for apostasy, not prayer.”[1]

The Mujahidi Mosque[edit]

This dates back to 12th century AD, and is distinguished for its beautiful dome and elaborately wrought mihrab.

The Mosque of the Prophet Jerjis (Saint George)[edit]

This Mosque is believed to be the burial place of the prophet Jerjis (known in Christianity as Saint George). It is made of marble with beautiful reliefs and was last renovated in 1393. The explorer Ibn Jubair mentioned it in the 12th century, and it is believed also to embrace the tomb of Al-Hur bin Yousif. The court of the ruler at time of Ummaveet (Bany ummayya) is thought to be not far from this mosque.

On July 27, 2014, the Prophet Jerjis Mosque was destroyed by forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[3]

Mashad Yahya Abul Kassem[edit]

On the right bank of the Tigris, it known for its conical dome, decorative brickwork and calligraphy engraved in Mosul blue marble, 13th century.

On July 23, 2014, the Mashad Yahya Abul Kassem shrine was destroyed by forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[4]

Qara Serai (The Black Palace)[edit]

Qara Serai is the remnants of the 13th-century palace of Sultan Badruddin Lu'lu'. It was the court of the ruler of Mosul at the time of Uthmaneets. The Turkish meaning of the name is "black palace". The place was famous at the time when the Jaleeli dynasty ruled Mosul early in the 18th century; the Persians invaded Kurdistan and progressed towards Mosul, besieging the city. However, the city resisted and after a long siege, Nader Shah decided to turn back without invading the city. Command and control was based here.

Prophet Seth Shrine[edit]

A shrine to Seth existed in the city but, was destroyed July 26, 2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[5]

Prophet Daniel Shrine[edit]

A Tomb attributed to the Prophet Daniel existed until it was detonated by ISIS in July 2014.[6][7]

Hamou Qado Mosque[edit]

An Ottoman-era mosque in the central square of the city dating from 1881 was destroyed by ISIS, because it contained a tomb that was visited every Thursday and Friday by local Muslims.[8][9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ISIS destroys Mosque of Biblical Jonah, Prophet Yunus". IraqiNews.com. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "ISIS militants blow up Prophet Jonas’ tomb in Iraq". RT. 25 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Islamic State destroys ancient Mosul mosque, the third in a week". theguardian.com. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "ISIL destroys Mashad Yahya Abul Kassem mosque located west of Mosul". iraqinews.com. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  5. ^ July 2014 "ISIS destroys Prophet Sheth shrine in Mosul". Al Arabiya News. 26 July 2014. 
  6. ^ Clark, Heather (27 July 2014). "Muslim Militants Blow Up Tombs of Biblical Jonah, Daniel in Iraq". Christian News Network. Retrieved 28 July 2014. Al-Sumaria News also reported on Thursday that local Mosul official Zuhair al-Chalabi told the outlet that ISIS likewise “implanted explosives around Prophet Daniel’s tomb in Mosul and blasted it, leading to its destruction.” 
  7. ^ Hafiz, Yasmine. "ISIS Destroys Jonah's Tomb in Mosul, Iraq, As Militant Violence Continues". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 28 July 2014. The tomb of Daniel, a man revered by Muslims as a prophet though unlike Jonah, he is not mentioned in the Quran, has also been reportedly destroyed. Al-Arabiya reports that Zuhair al-Chalabi, a local Mosul official, told Al-Samaria News that “ISIS implanted explosives around Prophet Daniel’s tomb in Mosul and blasted it, leading to its destruction." 
  8. ^ ISIS destroys beloved mosque in central Mosul
  9. ^ Iraq: Isis destroys 19th century Ottoman mosque in central Mosul