NGC 3169 by HST; 2.85′ × 1.68′ view
|Observation data (J2000 epoch)|
|Right ascension||10h 14m 15.099s|
|Declination||+03° 27′ 58.03″|
|Redshift||+0.004113 ± 0.000017|
|Helio radial velocity||+1,232 km/s|
|Distance||56.85 Mly (17.43 Mpc)|
|Apparent dimensions (V)||4.2′ × 2.9′|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||10.3|
|UGC 5525, PGC 29855|
|See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies|
NGC 3169 is a spiral galaxy about 75 million light years away in the constellation Sextans. It has the morphological classification SA(s)a pec, which indicates this is a pure, unbarred spiral galaxy with tightly-wound arms and peculiar features. There is an asymmetrical spiral arm and an extended halo around the galaxy.
This is a LINER 2 galaxy that displays an extended emission of X-rays in the region of the nucleus. A hard X-ray source at the center most likely indicates an active galactic nucleus. The stellar population in the nucleus, and a ring at an angular radius of 6″, shows an age of only one billion years and is generally younger than the surrounding stellar population. This suggests that a burst of star formation took place in the nucleus roughly one billion years ago.
In 1984, a Type II-L supernova was discovered in this galaxy. Designated 1984E, the spectrum of this event at maximum light showed prominent balmer lines that indicated the explosion occurred inside a dense shell of hydrogen surrounding the star. This shell was likely created by a strong stellar wind from the progenitor star. A second supernova was discovered in 2003; this time of type 1a. It was designated SN 2003cg and reached peak magnitude 15.94.
NGC 3169 is located in close physical proximity to NGC 3166, and the two have an estimated separation of around 160 kly (50 kpc). Their interaction is creating a gravitational distortion that has left the disk of NGC 3166 warped. Combined with NGC 3156, the three galaxies form a small group within the larger Leo 1 group. The three are embedded within an extended ring of neutral hydrogen that is centered on NGC 3169.
- Skrutskie, M. F. et al. (February 2006), "The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)", Astrophysical Journal 131 (2): 1163–1183, Bibcode:2006AJ....131.1163S, doi:10.1086/498708.
- De Vaucouleurs, G.; De Vaucouleurs, A.; Corwin, Jr., H. G.; Buta, R. J.; Paturel, G.; Fouque, P. (1991), Third Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies, 3.9.
- Crook, Aidan C. et al. (February 2007), "Groups of Galaxies in the Two Micron All Sky Redshift Survey", The Astrophysical Journal 655: 790–813, arXiv:astro-ph/0610732, Bibcode:2007ApJ...655..790C, doi:10.1086/510201.
- "NED results for object NGC 3169", NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NASA), retrieved 2013-05-30.
- Sil'chenko, O. K.; Afanasiev, V. L. (August 2006), "Central regions of the early-type galaxies in the NGC 3169 group", Astronomy Letters 32 (8): 534–544, Bibcode:2006AstL...32..534S, doi:10.1134/S1063773706080044.
- Buta, Ronald J. et al. (2007), Atlas of Galaxies, Cambridge University Press, p. 13–17, ISBN 0521820480.
- Haynes, M. P. (August 1981), "Neutral hydrogen streams in groups of galaxies. I - Observations", Astronomical Journal 86: 1126–1154, Bibcode:1981AJ.....86.1126H, doi:10.1086/112993.
- Terashima, Yuichi; Wilson, Andrew S. (January 2003), "Chandra Snapshot Observations of Low-Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei with a Compact Radio Source", The Astrophysical Journal 583 (1): 145–158, arXiv:astro-ph/0209607, Bibcode:2003ApJ...583..145T, doi:10.1086/345339.
- Mathur, Smita et al. (October 2008), "Finding Local Low-mass Supermassive Black Holes", AIP Conference Proceedings 1053: 43–49, arXiv:0807.0422, Bibcode:2008AIPC.1053...43M, doi:10.1063/1.3009521.
- Henry, Richard B. C.; Branch, David (February 1987), "The spectrum of the type II-L supernova 1984E in NGC 3169 Further evidence for a superwind?", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 99: 112–115, Bibcode:1987PASP...99..112H, doi:10.1086/131962.
- Elias-Rosa, N. et al. (July 2006), "Anomalous extinction behaviour towards the Type Ia SN 2003cg", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 369 (4): 1880–1900, arXiv:astro-ph/0603316, Bibcode:2006MNRAS.369.1880E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10430.x.
- Drory, Niv; Fisher, David B. (August 2007), "A Connection between Bulge Properties and the Bimodality of Galaxies", The Astrophysical Journal 662 (2): 640–649, arXiv:0705.0973, Bibcode:2007ApJ...664..640D, doi:10.1086/519441.
- APOD: NGC 3169 and NGC 3166 (02/28/2004)
- ADS: Supernova 2003cg in NGC 3169
- SEDS: NGC3169
- NGC 3169 on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Astrophoto, Sky Map, Articles and images