Canon de 65 M (montagne) modele 1906
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|Place of origin||France|
|Used by|| Albania
|Wars||World War I, World War II, Polish–Soviet War, Greco-Turkish War, 1948 Arab-Israeli War|
|Weight||400 kg (882 lbs)|
|Barrel length||1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)|
|Shell||fixed 65x175R mm|
|Caliber||65 mm (2.5 in)|
|Elevation||−9° to +35°|
|Rate of fire||18 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||330 m/s (1,082 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||6.5 km (4 mi)|
The Canon de 65 M (montagne) modele 1906 or (65 mm mle. 1906) was a French mountain gun which entered service with the regiments d'artillerie de montagne in 1906 and was one of the first soft-recoil guns in service. The carriage of the mle 1906 was hinged and could be broken down into four mule loads for transport. By 1939, the weapon was generally used as an infantry support gun. After 1940, the Germans would use these as 6.5 cm GebK 221(f). The gun was also used by Albania, Greece, Israel (1948 Arab-Israeli War, as Napoleonchik) and Poland.
During World War I the French Armée d’Orient used the mle 1906 against the forces of the Central Powers in the mountains of Macedonia. There were 72 mle 1906's in service on the Balkan Front during the allied breakout from the Salonica bridgehead on September 15–29, 1918. The initial success of this allied offensive led Bulgaria to capitulate on October 9, 1918, later in October 1918 Serbia was liberated and lastly Austria-Hungary capitulated in November 1918 when faced with invasion from allied forces from the south.
The first use of two of these cannons, lacking sights, was made in the Battle of Degania in northern Israel, which was also the first time the Israeli side employed field artillery. Subsequent uses were made in numerous major operations in the war, including Operation Bin Nun and Operation Pleshet.
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