National Association of Manufacturers
|Key people||Jay Timmons, President & CEO|
|Area served||United States|
|Focus(es)||Manufacturing and Small Business Advocacy|
|Motto||Leading Innovation, Creating Opportunity, Pursuing Progress|
The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) is an advocacy group headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, with 10 additional offices across the country. It is the nation’s largest industrial trade association, representing 11,000 small and large manufacturing companies in every industrial sector and in all 50 states.
The NAM’s stated mission is "to be the voice for all manufacturing in the United States. To inform legislators, the Administration, the media, policy influencers and the public about manufacturing’s vital leadership in innovation, job opportunity, technological progress and economic security. To be a respected and focused partner in achieving an economic environment that encourages the expansion of manufacturing in the United States and strengthens our global leadership".
The NAM's policy issue work is focused in the areas of labor, employment, health care, energy, climate, corporate finance, tax, bilateral trade, multilateral trade, export controls, technology, regulatory and infrastructure policy. According to Bloomberg, Duke Energy did not renew its membership with the NAM partly because of differences over climate policy.
NAM recently partnered with the National Council of La Raza to support legalizing 11 million illegal immigrants and increasing annual immigration numbers "because it provides the skilled workers manufacturers need, and it is simply the right thing to do."
According to NAM, manufacturing employs nearly 12 million workers, contributes more than $1.6 trillion to the U.S. economy annually, is the largest driver of economic growth in the nation and accounts for the lion’s share of private sector research and development.
Board of Directors
The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) website states that the NAM "was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1895. The U.S. was in the midst of a deep recession and many of the nation’s manufacturers saw a strong need to export their products in other countries. One of the NAM’s earliest efforts was to call for the creation of the U.S. Department of Commerce". The organization's first president was Thomas Dolan of Philadelphia  (not, as erroneously listed in some sources, Samuel P. Bush).
The early history of NAM was marked by frank verbal attacks on labor. In 1903, then-president David MacLean Parry delivered a speech at its annual convention which argued that unions' goals would result in "despotism, tyranny, and slavery." Parry advocated the establishment of a great national anti-union federation under the control of the NAM, and the NAM responded by initiating such an effort.
The NAM also encouraged the creation and propagation of a network of local anti-union organizations, many of which took the name Citizens' Alliance. In October 1903 the local Citizens' Alliance groups were united by a national called the Citizens' Industrial Alliance of America.
NAM, in the late 1930s, used one of the earliest versions of a modern multi-faceted public relations campaign to promote the benefits of capitalism and to combat the policies of President Roosevelt. NAM made efforts to undermine organized labor in the United States before the New Deal. NAM lobbied successfully for the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act to restrict unions' power.
The NAM has one affiliate. According to its website, the Manufacturing Institute is the 501(c) 3 affiliate of the National Association of Manufacturers. The Manufacturing Institute describes its priorities as the development of a world-class manufacturing workforce, the growth of individual U.S. manufacturing companies and the expansion of the manufacturing sector in regional economies.
- About the NAM - National Association of Manufacturers
- Policy Issues - National Association of Manufacturers
- Duke Energy to Leave Trade Group Over Climate Policy
- NAM Board of Directors
- NAM website's history page
- American industries, Volume 13 By National Association of Manufacturers (U.S.), May 1913, page 33
- For more on Parry and his views, see The Scarlet Empire.
- George G. Suggs, Jr., Colorado's War on Militant Unionism: James H. Peabody and the Western Federation of Miners. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1972, pp. 66-67.
- Violations of free speech and assembly and interference with rights of labor: hearings before a subcommittee, Seventy-fourth Congress, second session, on S. Res. 266, a resolution to investigate violations of the right of free speech and assembly and interference with the right of labor to organize and bargain collectively. April 10–11, 14-17, 21, 23, 1936
- Colorado's War on Militant Unionism, James H. Peabody and the Western Federation of Miners, George G. Suggs, Jr., 1972, page 67-68.
- Stuart B. Kaufman, Peter J. Albert, and Grace Palladino (eds.), The Samuel Gompers Papers: Volume 6: The American Federation of Labor and the Rise of Progressivism, 1902-6. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1997; pg. 193, fn. 1.
- Burton St. John III, "Press Professionalization and Propaganda: The Rise of Journalistic Double-Mindedness, 1917-1941." Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2010; p. 12.
- LJ Griffin, ME Wallace, and BA Rubin. 1986. "Capitalist Resistance to the Organization of Labor Before the New Deal: Why? How? Success?" American Sociological Review. 51:2:147-67.
- Anna McCarthy, The Citizen Machine: Governing by Television in 1950s America, New York: The New Press, 2010, p. 54. ISBN 978-1-59558-498-4.
- National Archives
- Susan B. Strange and Wendy Shay, "Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950–1960: #507", National Museum of American History: Archives Center, 10 September 2001.
- Manufacturing Institute
- John N. Stalker, The National Association of Manufacturers: A Study in Ideology. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1950.
- Sarah Lyons Watts, Order Against Chaos: Business Culture and Labor Ideology in America, 1880-1915. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.
- Burton St. John III, "Press Professionalization and Propaganda: The Rise of Journalistic Double-Mindedness, 1917-1941." Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2010.
- National Association of Manufacturers
- Shopfloor Manufacturing Blog
- Manufacturing Institute
- online description of historical NAM pamphlets, 1908-1969
- National Association of Manufacturers. World War I posters. 5190+. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.