National Society of Professional Engineers
The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) is an American professional association representing licensed professional engineers. Engineering.com describes the NSPE as "[T]he recognized voice and advocate of licensed Professional Engineers" with over 50,000 members in 53 state (and territorial) organizations and over 500 chapters. The society is based in Alexandria, Virginia.
The NSPE was founded in 1934. The NSPE published Canons of Ethics for Engineers and Rules of Professional Conduct in 1946, which evolved to the current Code of Ethics, adopted in 1964; the first Fundamental Canon is "Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public". In 1973, the NSPE entered into an agreement with the Society of Women Engineers in an effort to increase the number of women professional engineers.
In 1976, the NSPE was the petitioner in National Society of Professional Engineers v. United States, 435 U.S. 679. The United States brought this antitrust suit against the NSPE, claiming that the NSPE's ethical canon prohibiting its members from submitting competitive bids for engineering services suppressed competition in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The NSPE countered with argument for exception under the Rule of Reason. The United States Supreme Court decided against the NSPE.
The NICET (National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies) is an arm of the NSPE. The NSPE sponsors the Federal Engineer of the Year Award and (along with several other organizations) sponsors the Washington Award. It formerly published the Professional Engineers' Income and Salary Survey but no longer does so. The NSPE co-founded the middle school mathematics competition Mathcounts.
- NSPE. "About NSPE - Vision, Mission, Values, Goals". National Society for Professional Engineers. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "National Society for Professional Engineers". Engineering.com Directories. Engineering.com. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- NSPE. "About NSPE". National Society for Professional Engineers. Retrieved September 9, 2013. "In 1934, a group of professional engineers met in New York City to establish... The National Society of Professional Engineers"
- The American Engineer, January 1935, p. 10 says, "On December 10th, 1934, the Secretary of State of South Carolina issued to the National Society of Professional Engineers a certificate of incorporation."
- NSPE. "NSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers". National Society of Professional Engineers. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- Lauren Zumbach (September 9, 2013). "Software Engineers Need a Crash Course in Ethics". Slate. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "NATIONAL SOCIETY OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES.". Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School. April 25, 1978. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- NSPE. "NSPE's Engineering Income and Salary Survey". National Society for Professional Engineers. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
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