Natural Resources Defense Council
||This article appears to be written like an advertisement. (February 2014)|
|Area served||United States|
|Method(s)||Litigation, education, advocacy|
|Revenue||$119.1 million USD (2011)|
|Motto||"The Earth's Best Defense"|
The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is a New York City-based, non-profit international environmental advocacy group, with offices in Washington, D.C., San Francisco, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Beijing. Founded in 1970, NRDC today has 1.4 million members and online activists nationwide and a staff of more than 400 lawyers, scientists and other policy experts.
The NRDC was co-founded in 1970 by John Adams, Richard Ayres, John Bryson, Edward Strohbehn, and Gus Speth, together with a board of scientists and attorneys at the forefront of the environmental movement. The organization states that it seeks sustainable policies from federal, state and local government and industrial corporations. It seeks to influence federal and state environmental and other agencies, the Congress and state legislatures, and the courts to reduce global warming, limit pollution, and generally conserve energy and increase sustainability of commerce and manufacturing. NRDC participates in litigation in federal and state courts to influence implementation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and other federal and state laws protecting the environment. The Council also supports an environmental science program that involves NRDC staff and associated scientists, including a program seeking transformation of manufacturing industries to more sustainable production. In addition, the organization states that it educates the public.
In 2001, NRDC launched the BioGems Initiative to mobilize concerned individuals in defense of exceptional and imperiled ecosystems. The initiative matches NRDC's legal and institutional assets with the work of citizen activists.
It has issued a report on the health effects arising from the September 11, 2001 attacks.
In December 2006, Green Day and NRDC jointly launched a website to raise awareness on the U.S.'s petroleum dependence. The NRDC takes the position that new nuclear power plants are not a solution for America's energy needs, or for addressing global warming. Other authorities on the subject disagree on that point.
NRDC runs a number of environmental programs:
- The Climate and Clean Air Program focuses on clean air, global warming, transportation, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and electric-industry restructuring. This includes the Renewable Energy and Defense Database project with the Pentagon.
- The Health Program works on issues involving drinking water, chemical harm to the environment, and other environmental health threats with the goal of reducing the amount of toxins released into the environment.
- The International Program works worldwide on rainforests, biodiversity, habitat preservation, oceans, marine life, nuclear weapons and global warming, often in conjunction with other programs.
- The Land Program works on issues related to national forests, parks, other public lands, and private forest lands, and works to reduce consumption of wood products.
- The Nuclear Program analyzes developments on a variety of nuclear weapon issues.
- The Urban Program focuses on environmental issues in urban centers and surrounding areas. Issues include air and water quality, garbage and recycling, transportation, sprawl, and environmental justice.
- The Water and Oceans Program works on issues related to the nation's water quality, fish populations, wetlands and oceans. It also operates regional initiatives such as the Everglades, San Francisco Bay, the San Joaquin River, the Channel Islands of California, and the New York/New Jersey Harbor-Bight.
- The Latino Outreach Program or La Onda Verde de NRDC works to inform and involve Spanish-speaking Latinos in the environmental issues on which NRDC works.
- In July 2008, the NRDC and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. launched a direct mail campaign to encourage citizens to voice opposition to Shell Oil's exploration for oil off the Alaska coast.
OnEarth magazine is a quarterly publication of the NRDC dealing with environmental challenges. The magazine was founded in 1979 as The Amicus Journal. As Amicus, the magazine won the George Polk Award in 1983 for special interest reporting.
Frances Beinecke is the current President. Peter Lehner is the Executive Director. On June 14, 2010, Beinecke was appointed by President Barack Obama to the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
NRDC's stated priorities include curbing global warming, political activity advocating their "Clean Energy Future" policy proposals, a statement that they are interested in "reviving the world's oceans," defending endangered wildlife and wild places, protecting the public health by preventing pollution, ensuring "safe and sufficient water," and fostering "sustainable communities"
NRDC opposed the Water Rights Protection Act (H.R. 3189; 113th Congress), a bill that would prevent federal agencies from requiring certain entities to relinquish their water rights to the United States in order to use public lands. According to opponents, the bill is too broad. They believe the bill "could also block federal fisheries agencies like the United States Fish and Wildlife Service from requiring flows that help salmon find fish ladders and safely pass over dams."
Effect on administrative law
- Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 435 U.S. 519 (1978), which held that courts could not impose additional procedural requirements on administrative agencies beyond that required by the agency's organic statute or the Administrative Procedure Act.
- Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837 (1984), which gave administrative agencies broad discretion to interpret statute to make policy changes if Congressional intent was unclear. Chevron is now the most-cited case in American case law, even more so than all the citations to famous decisions such as Marbury v. Madison, Brown v. Board of Education, and Roe v. Wade combined.
- Baltimore Gas & Elec. Co. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 462 U.S. 78 (1983) is a United States Supreme Court decision which held to be valid a Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) rule that the permanent storage of nuclear waste should be assumed to have no environmental impact during the licensing of nuclear power plants.
- Baltimore Gas & Elec. Co. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
- Building Codes Assistance Project
- Earth Science
- Global warming
- Green building in the United States
- Natural environment
- United States Green Building Council
- NRDC Finances
- NRDC Staff
- 2011 Annual Report NRDC
- Charity Navigator
- About NRDC: Who We Are. NRDC. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- "The Environmental Impacts of the World Trade Center Attacks: A Preliminary Assessment." Natural Resources Defense Council.
- NRDC's N.O. Environmental Quality Test Results
- Green Day Authority
- Green Day + NRDC
- NRDC: New Nuclear Power Plants Are Not a Solution for America's Energy Needs
- "Steven Cowley: Fusion is energy's future". TED. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- "General Fusion targeting commercializing nuclear fusion in about 2020". Next Big Future. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- "How Nuclear Power Saves Lives". Discovery News. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- NRDC.NRDC's Programs
- Miles, Donna. "Database Helps Identify Renewable Energy Sites.", American Forces Press Service, 15 November 2011.
- La Onda Verde de NRDC: Página principal. Nrdc.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- About OnEarth Magazine
- George Polk Award Winners
- President Obama Announces Members of the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling Commission | The White House. Whitehouse.gov (2010-06-14). Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- About the Natural Resources Defense Council. NRDC. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- "H.R. 3189 - CBO". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Nathan Fey; Matt Rice (20 December 2013). "'Water Rights Protection Act' puts rivers at risk". Post Independent. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Fey, Nathan (12 November 2013). "The Water Rights Protection Act is Bad For Rivers - Take Action!". American Whitewater. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Stephen G. Breyer et al., Administrative Law and Regulatory Policy 289 (Aspen 2002)
- Baltimore Gas & Elec. Co. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 441 U.S. 87 (1983).