New Lambton, New South Wales

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New Lambton
NewcastleNew South Wales
New Lambton is located in New South Wales
New Lambton
New Lambton
Coordinates 32°55′40″S 151°42′39″E / 32.92778°S 151.71083°E / -32.92778; 151.71083Coordinates: 32°55′40″S 151°42′39″E / 32.92778°S 151.71083°E / -32.92778; 151.71083
Population 9,236 (2006)[1]
 • Density 1,679/km2 (4,350/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2305
Area 5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi)[2]
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) City of Newcastle[3]
Region Hunter[3]
County Northumberland[4]
Parish Newcastle[4]
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Mean max temp[9] Mean min temp[9] Annual rainfall[9]
21.8 °C
71 °F
14.2 °C
58 °F
1,134.3 mm
44.7 in
Suburbs around New Lambton:
New Lambton Heights Lambton Broadmeadow
New Lambton Heights New Lambton Broadmeadow
Kotara Kotara Adamstown

New Lambton is a suburb of Newcastle, in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia.[3] It is located about 6 km (4 mi) west of the Newcastle CBD.[10] It includes two shopping districts, schools and other general facilities. At the 2006 Australian census it had a population of 9,236.[1]

Initially a coal mining township, New Lambton later became a municipality until it was eventually incorporated into Greater Newcastle. The suburb, which is primarily residential, includes a 182 ha (450-acre) nature reserve and a major regional sports centre.

Geography[edit]

The suburb is irregularly shaped, covering an area of approximately 5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi).[2] While mainly residential in nature, the entire south-western part of the suburb is occupied by Blackbutt Reserve, a 182 ha (450-acre) nature reserve consisting primarily of natural bushland.[11] The east of the suburb is predominantly level and only a few metres above sea level, but rises to approximately 90 m (300 ft) above mean sea level in the western areas, the highest parts of the suburb being in Blackbutt Reserve.[2]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

New Lambton was originally a coal mining township, with the New Lambton Colliery situated to the east across the railway in what is now Adamstown.[12]

On 8 January 1889 New Lambton was incorporated as a Municipality covering 2,560 acres (10 km2).[citation needed]

1901[edit]

In 1901 New Lambton had a population of 1,464. The Municipal Council consisted of the following:

  • Mayor – George Errington
  • Justice of the Peace
  • Town Clerk – Henry J. Noble
  • Aldermen – John Williams, Benjamin Bradley, John Butterworth, Charles Dagwell, Richard Lay, Michael Gray, J.P., Joseph Cartright and Alexander Sneddon.

The council derived a considerable revenue from the district's largest mine, the Scottish-Australian Coal Mining Company's Lambton Colliery, managed by the three Croudace brothers, Frank, Thomas, & Sydney, which although closer to Lambton fell within the New Lambton municipality.[citation needed] One of the district's principal thoroughfares today is Croudace Street.

The town was free of debt, and had a telegraph office, Council Chambers (erected at a cost of £550), the New Lambton Mechanics Institute, a reading room, fire brigade, public school, good streets and "many signs of advancement". The Member for Kahibah in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, including New Lambton, was Alfred Edden.[13]

Later years[edit]

In 1938 an Act of the New South Wales Parliament created the "City of Greater Newcastle", which incorporated eleven municipalities, including New Lambton, into one local government area.[citation needed]

During World War II, New Lambton Public School was requestioned by the government and used as No. 2 Fighter Sector Headquarters. In recognition of this, the school was granted permission in 1995 to fly the Royal Australian Air Force Ensign and is the only school in Australia allowed to do so.[14]

New Lambton once boasted an art-deco cinema, The Savoy, now the New Lambton Community Centre.[15]

Transport[edit]

New Lambton is bordered by, or crossed by various arterial roads. Lookout Road, which joins Croudace Road, borders the suburb to the west. To the east, Lambton Road facilitates access to the Newcastle CBD. To the south, Carnley Avenue and Northcott Drive provide access to the City of Lake Macquarie suburbs. The south-east of the suburb is bordered by the Main Northern Railway, where the suburb is serviced by Adamstown railway station.

Blackbutt Reserve[edit]

Blackbutt Reserve off Carnley Ave

The entire south-western corner of the suburb is occupied by Blackbutt Reserve. The main entrances of the reserve, in Carnley Avenue and Freyburg Street, are approximately 8.8 km (5.5 mi) by road from the Newcastle CBD.[2][16] Covering 182 hectares (450 acres), the reserve is mainly urban bushland, and includes nature trails, wildlife exhibits, children’s playgrounds and recreational facilities. The reserve, which is administered by the Newcastle City Council, has over 16 km (10 mi) of tracks meandering through open rainforest.[11]

There are four main picnic and recreational areas in the reserve, off different entry points:

  • Black Duck Picnic Area, located off Carnley Avenue
  • Richley Reserve Picnic Area, located off Freyberg Street, which was previously the site of the Buchanan Borehole Colliery.[12]
  • Dead Tree Picnic Area, and
  • Lily Pond Picnic Area, off the corner of Queens Road and Mahogany Drive.

Sport[edit]

Hunter Stadium, the main stadium at the Newcastle International Sports Centre

New Lambton includes several parks where various sports are played. At the north-eastern corner of the suburb, is the Newcastle International Sports Centre, a venue used by the National Rugby League's Newcastle Knights and the A-League's Newcastle Jets. The suburb is also home to the New Lambton Football Club, whose home ground is Novocastrian Park.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "New Lambton (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 March 2012.  Map
  2. ^ a b c d 1:100000 map 9232 NEWCASTLE.
  3. ^ a b c "Suburb Search – Local Council Boundaries – Hunter (HT) – Newcastle". New South Wales Division of Local Government. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "New Lambton". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Newcastle". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 14 October 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "Wallsend". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 14 October 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Charlton". Australian Electoral Commission. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  8. ^ "Newcastle". Australian Electoral Commission. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c "Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "New Lambton". Land and Property Management Authority - Spatial Information eXchange. New South Wales Land and Property Information. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Blackbutt Reserve". Newcastle City Council. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "New Lambton Collieries". New Lambton Public School. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  13. ^ The Federal Directory of Newcastle and District for 1901. Newcastle: Davies & Cannington. 1982 [1901]. ISBN 0-9593518-0-9. 
  14. ^ "The War Years". New Lambton Public School. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "New Lambton Community Centre". Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "Google Map". Retrieved 24 March 2012. 

External links[edit]

Images