News Chronicle

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The News Chronicle was a British daily newspaper. It ceased publication on 17 October 1960,[1] being absorbed into the Daily Mail. Its offices were in Bouverie Street, off Fleet Street, London, EC4Y 8DP, England.[1]

Daily Chronicle[edit]

Main article: Daily Chronicle

The Daily Chronicle was founded in 1872. Purchased by Edward Lloyd for £30,000 in 1876, it achieved a high reputation under the editorship of Henry Massingham and Robert Donald, who took charge in 1904. Owned by the Cadbury family, with Laurence Cadbury as chairman,[2] the News Chronicle was formed by the merger of the Daily News and the Daily Chronicle on 2 June 1930,[3] with Walter Layton appointed as editorial director.[2]

Politics[edit]

With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, the paper took an anti-Franco stance and sent two correspondents, Arthur Koestler (to Málaga)[4] and, later, Geoffrey Cox[4] (to Madrid) in 1936-37. The paper's editorial staff took an active part in campaigning for the release of Koestler, who was captured by Franco's forces at the fall of Málaga and was in imminent danger of being executed.[5]

Following Koestler's release, the paper sent him to Mandatory Palestine, then convulsed by the Arab revolt. In a series of articles in the paper, Koestler urged adoption of the Peel Commission's recommendation for partition of Palestine, as "the only practical way of ending the bloodshed". In his autobiography Koestler notes that en route to Palestine he had stopped in Athens and had clandestine meetings with Communists and Liberals opposing the then Metaxas dictatorship, but the News Chronicle refused to publish his resulting strongly worded anti-Metaxas articles.[6]

In 1956, the News Chronicle opposed the UK's military support of Israel in invading the Suez canal zone, a decision which cost it circulation. According to Geoffrey Goodman, a journalist on the newspaper at the time, it was "one of British journalism's prime casualties of the Suez crisis".[7]

Folding[edit]

In 17 October 1960, the News Chronicle "finally folded, inappropriately, into the grip"[7] of the right-wing Daily Mail despite having a circulation of over a million.[1] The News Chronicle's editorial position was considered at the time to be in broad support of the British Liberal Party, which was in marked contrast to that of the right-wing Daily Mail. As a result the News Chronicle ceased publication and the title was absorbed by the Daily Mail.[3]

As part of the same takeover, the London evening paper The Star was incorporated into the Evening News.

Notable contributors[edit]

Notable contributors to the News Chronicle and its predecessors included:

  • Stephen G. Barber - foreign correspondent, World War II, Greek Civil War, Korean War, Indochina, Cyprus Crisis, Sharpeville Massacre, decolonization in Africa. Also worked for The Daily Telegraph in India and Bureau Chief in Washington, D.C. 1963-1980
  • Frank D. Barber - foreign correspondent, later Head of Central Current Affairs & Talks, BBC World Service, and father of Financial Times editor Lionel Barber
  • Vernon Bartlett – diplomatic correspondent
  • Stanley Bishop - crime reporter[8]
  • Ritchie Calder - science editor, who broke the story of the discovery of DNA structure in 1953
  • James Cameron – war correspondent
  • G. K. Chesterton – weekly opinion column in the Daily News
  • Norman Clark - war correspondent; foreign editor
  • Geoffrey Cox – war correspondent in the Spanish Civil War (in Madrid); former editor and chief executive of ITN. Began his career with the News Chronicle in 1932
  • E. S. Dallas – Paris correspondent
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle – war correspondent for the Daily Chronicle during World War I
  • William ("Willie") Forrest - war correspondent in Spain and World War II; foreign correspondent
  • Philip Jordan – war correspondent, World War II
  • Thomas Kettle – war correspondent for the Daily News during the early part of World War I
  • Arthur Koestler – writer and war correspondent in the Spanish Civil War
  • Patrick Maitland, (later MP for Lanark and Earl of Lauderdale) - war correspondent for News Chronicle, Pacific, 1941 to 1944
  • Richard Moore - leader writer and father of Charles Moore, later Daily Telegraph editor and biographer of Margaret Thatcher
  • Patrick Sergeant - later Daily Mail City Editor, founder and owner of Euromoney
  • C. W. A. Scott - aviation editor
  • H. G. Wells – contributor to the Daily News

Editors[edit]

1930: Tom Clarke
1933: Aylmer Vallance
1936: Gerald Barry[4]
1948: Robin Cruikshank
1954: Michael Curtis
1957: Norman Cursley

See also[edit]

  • Get Ahead: 1960s BBC TV programme sponsored by the paper.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Liberal Democrat News 15 October 2010, accessed 15 October 2010
  2. ^ a b Dennis Griffiths (ed.) The Encyclopedia of the British Press 1492-1992, London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1992, p.437
  3. ^ a b Timeline of UK newspapers
  4. ^ a b c Obituary of Sir Geoffrey Cox The Times 4 April 2008
  5. ^ Arthur Koestler, "The Invisible Writing", Ch.34
  6. ^ Arthur Koestler, op.cit., Ch.37
  7. ^ a b Geoffrey Goodman "Suez and Fleet Street", BBC News, 1 November 2006. Accessed: 3 May 2010
  8. ^ Stanley Bishop's appearance on This Is Your Life Accessed 22 January 2012

External links[edit]